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Doing Well by Doing Good Recipe for an Effective Campus Energy Program. Walter Simpson, CEM, LEED AP Former University Energy Officer, University at Buffalo AASHE Senior Fellow Author, Cool Campus! A How-To Guide for College and University Climate Action Planning

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doing well by doing good recipe for an effective campus energy program

Doing Well by Doing GoodRecipe for an Effective Campus Energy Program

Walter Simpson, CEM, LEED AP

Former University Energy Officer, University at Buffalo

AASHE Senior Fellow

Author, Cool Campus! A How-To Guide for College and University Climate Action Planning

Editor and Co-Author, The Green Campus: Meeting the Challenge of Environmental Sustainability

take home message
Take Home Message
  • Campus energy conservation has the power…
take home message3
Take Home Message
  • Campus energy conservation has the power…
    • To save money
take home message4
Take Home Message
  • Campus energy conservation has the power…
    • To save money
    • To pay for itself
take home message5
Take Home Message
  • Campus energy conservation has the power…
    • To save money
    • To pay for itself
    • To protect the environment
take home message6
Take Home Message
  • Campus energy conservation has the power…
    • To save money
    • To pay for itself
    • To protect the environment
    • To educate for sustainability
recipe for success
Recipe for Success
  • What are the right ingredients?
  • How can we build a successful program?
ingredients for a successful campus energy conservation program
Ingredients for a Successful Campus Energy Conservation Program
  • Obtain top level support
  • Prioritize facilities
  • Provide program staffing and leadership
  • Create energy awareness
  • Develop strong energy policies
  • Nurture creative staff
more ingredients
More Ingredients . . .
  • Find and focus on the best opportunities
  • Utilize creative financing strategies
  • Involve students
  • Focus on climate change
  • Avoid new construction or only build the most energy efficient new buildings
  • Document savings
ingredient
Ingredient

Obtain Top Level Support

models of campus energy and environmental leadership
Models of Campus Energy and Environmental Leadership
  • Top down
  • Bottom up
  • Mixture

Presidents leading the American

College & University

Presidents Climate Commitment

why top level support
Why Top Level Support?
  • Allows program to achieve full potential
  • With top level support:
    • Facilities staff know they have support
    • All units and departments cooperate
    • The campus community is encouraged to participate
campus leadership can demonstrate support by
Campus Leadership Can Demonstrate Support by…
  • Providing human and financial resources
  • Giving visible support for campus energy policies
  • Insisting that other top administrative officers support the conservation effort
  • Backing facilities as it “pushes the envelope”
  • Setting a personal example
ingredient14
Ingredient

Prioritize Facilities

why facilities
Why Facilities?

Facilities managers and staff:

  • Run campus energy systems
  • Know what needs to be done
  • Can do the most
  • Must be on board or no one else will be
how facilities can help
How Facilities Can Help
  • Facilities energy committee
  • Commitment by facilities director
  • Include conservation commitment in:
    • Strategic planning
    • Mission & vision statement
    • Staff evaluations
  • Green campus office within facilities
university at buffalo facilities mission vision statement
University at Buffalo FacilitiesMission & Vision Statement
  • “We are committed to environmental excellence in all facets of our management and operations and to providing statewide and national green

campus leadership.”

u buffalo staff evaluations
U Buffalo Staff Evaluations
  • All staff must “demonstrate a commitment to energy conservation and environmental stewardship and, whenever possible, promote these values to coworkers and to the wider campus community.”
ingredient19
Ingredient
  • Provide program staffing and leadership
creating an energy officer position
Creating an Energy Officer Position
  • Full or part-time focus exclusively on campus energy conservation
  • Not a sustainability coordinator
  • Skill set:
    • Technical competence
    • Communication – public speaking, writing
    • Program development
    • Community organizing
  • Reports to chief facilities officer
ingredient21
Ingredient

Create Energy Awareness

energy awareness program tips
Energy Awareness Program Tips
  • Change campus culture
  • Be realistic
  • Active vs. passive
  • Different strokes for different folks
  • Seize moral high ground
  • Temperature control is critical
  • Develop a multi-faceted campaign
getting attention being cute being provocative
Getting AttentionBeing cute, being provocative

You have the power…

to save energy

ingredient29
Ingredient

Develop Strong Energy Policies

energy policies
Energy Policies
  • Energy policies …
    • Formalize goals
    • Give authority
    • Help hold the line
  • Need academic buy-in
  • Timing is critical
  • Don’t forget to implement!
types of energy policies
Types of Energy Policies
  • Heating and cooling temps
  • Fan run times
  • Reheats
  • New construction
  • Energy purchasing
  • Space heaters
  • Dorm refrigerators
governor s executive orders
Governor’s Executive Orders
  • George Pataki – E.O. 111 (2001)
    • Reduce energy consumption in buildings
    • Build more efficient new green buildings
    • Buy green power
  • David Paterson – E.O. 4 (2008)
    • Green purchasing
    • Create sustainability programs
    • Greenhouse gas emissions reduction
    • 100% post consumer content recycled paper
ingredient33
Ingredient

Nurture Creative Staff

making the most of your staff
Making the Most of Your Staff
  • Identify staff who:
    • Think outside the box
    • Want to act
    • Know how
  • Empower them!
    • Give permission
    • Encourage
    • Provide resources
    • Recognize and thank
story of herb lydell
Story of Herb Lydell
  • Sees energy waste everywhere
  • Very knowledgeable, creative, and unorthodox
  • “Invents” heat recovery system that uses building chilled water coils and the campus chilled water loop to transfer heat from building to building
the incredible results
The Incredible Results
  • Free heat for campus buildings
  • $80,000/yr savings
  • Total savings: over $1 million to date!
  • Zero cost to implement
ingredient38
Ingredient

Find and Focus on the Best Opportunities

finding savings opportunities
Finding Savings Opportunities
  • Facilities staff know where they are
  • Conduct a systematic campus energy conservation audit
  • Target your energy pigs!
u buffalo s energy pigs
U Buffalo’s Energy Pigs
  • Buildings with:
    • Constant volume terminal

reheat fan systems

    • Electric heating
    • Laboratory ventilation systems

No offense to pigs intended

cooke hochstetter
Cooke-Hochstetter
  • 230 fume hoods
  • 300,000 cfm
  • Electric heat
  • Summer humidity control
  • $2 million/yr in energy costs
  • Solutions
    • Fume hood decommissioning
    • Heat recovery (heat wheels, run-around loops, heat pumps, Lydell Cycle)
    • Gas conversion
    • Run cool in summer to minimize reheat

At least we didn’t build 20 of them!

ingredient42
Ingredient

Utilize Creative Financing Strategies

creative funding possibilities
Creative Funding Possibilities
  • Utility or state incentives
  • Revolving funds
  • Energy performance contracts with energy service companies (ESCOs)
  • Alumni donations
  • Foundations
performance contracting
Performance Contracting
  • UB performance contracting experience:
    • 1994-1997 -- $17 million project
    • 2003-2007 -- $11 million project
    • 2007 - 2009 -- $10 million project
ingredient46
Ingredient

Involve Students

why involve students
Why Involve Students?
  • To get their help
  • To enhance their educational experience
  • To catch their fire!
reaching students
Reaching Students
  • Classroom lectures
  • Campus-wide events
  • Student assistants
  • Activist campaigns
  • Internships and research projects
student projects campus as learning lab
Student Projects campus as learning lab
  • Environmental audits
  • Campus dumpster dives
  • Vending machine study
  • Passive cooling project
  • Biomass cogeneration
  • Solar hot water
ingredient50
Ingredient

Focus on Climate Change

climate change basics
Climate Change Basics
  • Global warming is real and it's happening
  • It’s caused by human activity
  • The consequences are serious
  • It is not too late to do something about it…
campus climate action steps
Campus climate action steps
  • Conduct GHG emissions inventory
  • Make commitment to reduce emissions
  • Develop campus climate action plan
  • Implement plan and achieve reductions
  • Educate about

climate change

ub s ghg inventory
UB’s GHG inventory
  • 142,900 MTe/yr
    • 53% purchased

electricity

    • 25% commuting

and fleet vehicles

    • 20% purchased natural gas

It’s about energy and transportation!

interesting findings
Interesting Findings
  • Overall emissions = 25,000 cars, trucks, SUVs, etc.
  • Commuting = 79,000,000 miles
    • Equal to 3,000 times around the

earth at the equator

american college university president s climate commitment
American College & University President’s Climate Commitment
  • Achieve climate neutrality at earliest possible date
  • Incorporate climate change and sustainability in curriculum and research
  • 670 signatories
  • Co-organized by AASHE, ecoAmerica, and Second Nature
defining climate neutrality
Defining climate neutrality
  • Climate neutrality is defined as having no net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions
  • To be achieved by:
    • Minimizing GHG emissions as much as possible
    • Using carbon offsets to mitigate the remaining emissions.
how to do it
How to do it?
  • Job #1 is energy conservation
  • Then renewables
  • Followed by

offsets (after offset

market matures)

Shrink it!

ingredient58
Ingredient

Avoid New Construction or Only Build the Most Energy Efficient New Buildings

hidden cost of new construction
Hidden Cost of New Construction
  • Even a very energy efficient new building will add to your energy costs and carbon footprint
  • Avoid or minimize new construction by
    • More efficient space utilization
    • Adaptive reuse of existing buildings
green design for maximum energy efficiency
Green Design For Maximum Energy Efficiency
  • Avoid LEED check-list approach
  • Aim for LEED Gold and Platinum only
  • Maximize LEED energy points
  • Fear “value” engineering
  • Anticipate and address inevitable building budget crisis
getting really green
Getting Really Green!

Oberlin College Environmental Studies Center

ingredient62
Ingredient

Document Savings

why document
Why Document?
  • You might surprise yourself!
  • Boost Facilities morale
  • Great public relations
  • Can create administrative support
what s possible
What’s Possible?
  • University at Buffalo experience
    • Program began in the late 1970s
    • Sustained for 30 years
    • Annual savings now $10 million
    • Cumulative savings $100+ million
take home message66
Take Home Message
  • Campus energy conservation has the power…
    • To save money
    • To pay for itself
    • To protect the environment
    • To educate for sustainability
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