by Bahar Amangeldyeva. Democratic Development in Turkmenistan . 1 st International Conference on National Democracies Yerevan, Armenia 3-7 July, 2006. Flag description:.
green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five tribal guls (designs used in producing carpets) stacked above two crossed olive branches similar to the olive branches on the UN flag; a white crescent moon representing Islam with five white stars representing the regions or velayats of Turkmenistan appear in the upper corner of the field just to the fly side of the red stripe
border countries: Afghanistan 744 km, Iran 992 km, Kazakhstan 379 km, Uzbekistan 1,621 km
Ahal Welayaty (Ashgabat),
Balkan Welayaty (Balkanabat),
Lebap Welayaty (Turkmenabat)
agriculture: 26.9% industry: 39.5% services: 33.6% (2005 est.)