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UTILIZATION OF GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF FREE ROAMING IN HORSES KEPT IN PADDOCKS: A PRELIMINARY ST

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UTILIZATION OF GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF FREE ROAMING IN HORSES KEPT IN PADDOCKS: A PRELIMINARY STUDY. 10° Convegno Nuove acquisizioni in materia di Ippologia New findings in equine practice Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008 . C.Amato, E.Valle, D.Bergero

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UTILIZATION OF GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF FREE ROAMING IN HORSES KEPT IN PADDOCKS:A PRELIMINARY STUDY

10° Convegno

Nuove acquisizioni in materia di Ippologia

New findings in equine practice

Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

C.Amato, E.Valle, D.Bergero

DiPAEE University of Torino

introduction
Introduction
  • Horses kept in paddocks can be considered close to a feral activity behaviour ?
  • Free moviment is important for domesticated horses:
    • to lower the incidence of behavioural troubles
    • to improve the gut’s general health
  • Free activity affect the overall requirements of an horse taken into account while rationing

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

introduction3
Introduction

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

introduction4
Introduction
  • The aim of the work is:
      • to state if a GPS device is useful to study horses kept in paddocks
      • to obtain preliminary results in diurnal observations

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

materials
Materials
  • Haflinger and Bardigiano horses(1-9 years)
  • Garmin Forerunner 201 GPS device
  • Forerunner Logbook software
  • ANOVA

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

slide6

Materials

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

slide7

Materials

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

methods
Methods
  • 129 observations of the diurnal free activity
  • Measured data: total Km, gallop occurrence, trot occurrence, speed (average, max), registration time
  • Collected data: breed, sex, age, feeding habits, weather conditions, temperature, presence of the stallion, number of the horses in the group, presence of people, paddocks width (3000 to 20000 m²).

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

results
Results

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

results10
Results

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

results11
Results
  • Mean time observation: 8 h
  • Total distance covered (KMT): mean 2.04 km (1.47 km sd)
  • Gallop occurrence (NG): 1.85 (1,33 sd)
  • Trot occurrence (NT): 8.96 (7.33 sd)
  • VMED: 0.25 km/h (0.17 km/h sd)
  • VMAX: 18.66 km/h (9.48 km/h sd)

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

results12
Results
  • Breed → VMED, NT, NG
    • Bardigiani move more than Avelignesi
  • Sex → KMT, VMED, NT, VMAX
    • Mares move less than geldings and stallions
  • Age → VMED, NT, NG
    • Higher values for horses aged 4-7 years

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

results13
Results
  • Presence of the stallion → NT
    • The presence of the stallion increases NT
  • Number of horses → VMED, NT, NG
    • The highest values are in larger groups (> 8 horses)

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

results14
Results
  • Temperature → NT
    • Temperature between 15 º and 20 º increases the values
  • Wheather condition → No difference
  • Presence of people → NT

in presence of people the horses move less

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

discussion
Discussion
  • Horses in paddocks perform very little spontaneous movement
  • Different factors affect diurnal physical activity
  • GPS give useful information on the behaviour and requirements of horses kept in paddocks

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008

thank you

THANKYOU !

C. Amato, E. Valle, D. Bergero Druento (To), 31oct - 01 nov 2008