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Presentation to the National Association of Deans and Directors of School of Social Work February 16, 2006. Update on NIH Support of Social Work Research Jerry Flanzer, Ph.D. Senior Health Science Administrator, NIDA. Talk Focus. PhD and Non-PhD schools/departments

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Presentation to the National Association of Deans and Directors of School of Social Work February 16, 2006

Update on NIH Support of Social Work Research

Jerry Flanzer, Ph.D.

Senior Health Science Administrator, NIDA

J Flanzer 2006

talk focus
Talk Focus
  • PhD and Non-PhD schools/departments
  • NIH Social Work activities
  • Selected Institute Priorities that should interest social work
  • Where SW (especially non-research I schools) should focus Research and Training
  • The SW PAs – what are “hot” ideas to consider
  • The Politics of Research

J Flanzer 2006

nih needs you sw
NIH Needs YOU (SW)
  • Training and Research Money can be found elsewhere (fungible)=NIH is one big pot; not necessarily the best pot for your needs.
  • Public health care/interventions cannot be implemented without social work
  • ????? where are you – particularly those schools who are heavily connected to the field

J Flanzer 2006

nih website
NIH Website

http://www.nih.gov

(www.hhs.gov)

J Flanzer 2006

following the success of
Following the Success of-
  • IASWR’s lobbying
  • NIMH’s SW Center/Infrastructure Grants
  • NIDA’s SW Initiative, including Infrastructure Grants
  • NIAAA’s curriculum and training
  • (and new activity by NIA)

J Flanzer 2006

background
Background
  • Senate Report 107-216

The Committee urges the NIH to develop a social work research plan that outlines research priorities, as well as a research agenda, across NIH Institutes and Centers to be reported to the Committee by April 1, 2003."

  • OBSSR’s Role -
    • Coordination
    • Trans-NIH Working Group: Develop NIH PLAN (Recommendations) on OBSSR website

J Flanzer 2006

background nih swr working group
Jeffrey Evans, PhD, NICHD

Jerry Flanzer, PhD, NIDA

Eleanor Hanna, PhD, ORWH

Martha Hare, PhD, NINR

Suzanne Heurtin-Roberts, PhD, MSW, NCI

Denise Juliano-Bult, MSW, NIMH

Peter Kaufman, PhD, NHLBI

Margaret Murray, MSW, NIAAA

G. Stephane Philogene, PhD, OBSSR (Chair)

Sidney Stahl, PhD, NIA

Nicole Vennell, MSW, NCI

Background:NIH SWR Working Group

J Flanzer 2006

notice hhs nih job opportunities
Notice HHS/NIH Job Opportunities
  • Program officers
  • IPAs (sabbaticals)
  • Contracts for special research purposes

J Flanzer 2006

recommendations
Recommendations
  • Social Work Research
    • Create a standing working group ◄
    • Expand outreach to encourage grant applications on studies of SW practice and concepts☺☺
    • Propose a new PA: Developmental Research on Social Work Practice and Concepts in Health ◄
    • Competitive Supplement for SW Research ?

J Flanzer 2006

supplements
Supplements
  • Administrative (do you know a NIH funded PI?)
  • Competitive (adding social-behavioral/sw component)
  • Health Disparities
  • Minority

J Flanzer 2006

recommendations1
Recommendations

Research Infrastructure/Training

  • Develop and Implement an NIH Summer Institute on Social Work Research
    • FY 2004—Focus on Qualitative, and Mixed Method
    • FY 2005—Focus on Intervention Research Method
    • FY 2006 – Focus on Early Stage Research

J Flanzer 2006

recommendations2
Recommendations

Information Dissemination and Community Outreach

  • Meeting with NADD of Schools of SW
  • Explore the Possibility of a Conference on Advancing the SWR Agenda
  • Trans-NIH Conference Showcasing SWR Results
  • Coordinated Outreach to Universities

J Flanzer 2006

implementation update
Implementation Update

Progress to date –in review

  • Establishment of the WG as a permanent body (May 03)
  • Pre-Conference Institutes at SSWR
  • NADD Meetings (Feb 27 & Oct 7)
  • Regional Workshop at Catholic University (June 04)
  • NIH Summer Institute: Design and Conduct of Qualitative and Mixed-Method Research in Social Work and other Health Professions
  • The New PAs for Social Work Practice

J Flanzer 2006

current future funding opportunities
Current/Future Funding Opportunities

OBSSR (FY 2005)

  • RFA on Strengthening Behavioral and Social Science in Medical Schools
  • PAR on Community Participation in Research
    • TA Conference Call on Jan 28
  • PA on Research on Mind-Body Interactions and Health
  • PA on Social and Cultural Dimensions of Health

J Flanzer 2006

current future funding opportunities1
Current/Future Funding Opportunities

OBSSR (FY 2004)

  • Understanding and Promoting Health Literacy PAR
    • R01 and R03
  • Methodology and Measurement in the Behavioral and Social Sciences (3/10/5)

J Flanzer 2006

current future funding opportunities2
Current/Future Funding Opportunities

Co-Sponsor

  • Health Promotion Among Racial and Ethnic Minority Males (8/6)
  • School-Based Interventions to Prevent Obesity PA (11/07)
  • Site Specific Approaches to the Prevention or Management of Pediatric Obesity (RFA in progress – applications due Jan 24)
  • Research on the Economics of Diet, Activity, and Energy Balance PA (11/07)

J Flanzer 2006

nih roadmap research teams of the future
NIH Roadmap: Research Teams of the Future

RFAs

  • Interdisciplinary Health Research Training: Behavior, Environment & Biology (2/11/5)
  • Short Programs for Interdisciplinary Research Training (2/11/5)

PA

  • NIH Director’s Pioneer Award (3/1/5)

J Flanzer 2006

slide18

Priority Areas for NIDA

  • Prevention (Services) Research
    • Genetics
    • Development
    • Environment
    • Co-morbidity
  • Treatment (Services) Interventions
    • New Targets & New Strategies
  • HIV/AIDS Research
  • Criminal Justice, Health Disparities, Prescription Drug Abuse
  • Collaborations with Other NIH Institutes and Other Federal, State and Local Partners

J Flanzer 2006

slide19

Priority Areas for NIDA

  • Prevention Research (Children/Adolescents)
    • Genetics (Matthew Howard)
    • Development (Penny Trickett, Richard Catalano and David Hawkins)
    • Environment (Deborah Padgett)
    • Co-morbidity (Arlene Stiffman, Mark Singer)
  • Treatment Interventions
    • New Targets & New Strategies (Roger Roffman, Constance Weisner)
  • HIV/AIDS Research (Nabila El-Basel, Robert Battjes)

J Flanzer 2006

priority areas for nida
Priority Areas for NIDA
  • Criminal Justice (Carl Leukefeld), Health Disparities (Alverado Valdez), Prescription Drug Abuse , Homelessness (David Pollio), Primary Care (Marian Amodeo, Faith-Based (Richard Spence), Technology Transfer (Flavio Marsiglia)
  • Collaborations with Other NIH Institutes and Other Federal, State and Local Partners (James Hall, David Biegal)

J Flanzer 2006

types of mechanisms
Types of Mechanisms
  • R– Research Awards
    • R01, R03, R34, R21
  • K– Career Awards
    • K01, K02, K08, K23
    • F – Fellowships
    • F31, F32
  • T- Training!!!!!!!
    • T32 (regional)
    • (R13- conference)

J Flanzer 2006

iom nas reports
IOM/NAS Reports

Responsible Research: A Systems Approach to Protecting Research Participants (2003)

Protecting Participants and Facilitating Social and Behavioral Sciences Research (2003)

Ethical Conduct of Clinical Research Involving Children (2004)

J Flanzer 2006

the sw pas
The SW PAs
  • The ultimate goal of this program announcement is to encourage the development of empirical research on social work practice, concepts and theory as these relate to the NIH public health goal of improving health outcomes for persons with medical and behavioral disorders and conditions.

J Flanzer 2006

more on the sw pa r03 r21 r01
More on the SW – PAR03; R21; R01
  • The Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), via this program announcement (PA) encourages innovative, theory-driven empirical research on social work practice, concepts and theory as these relate to the NIH public health goal of improving health outcomes for persons with medical and behavioral disorders and conditions. 

J Flanzer 2006

more on the pas
More on the PAs
  • Areas of interest include studies that characterize the usual and/or “best” practices of social workers and how these relate to health outcomes, studies establishing the efficacy and effectiveness of health-related interventions and services delivered by social workers, aspects of health-related social work services that are unique to specialty health care settings (e.g., clinics, hospitals, nursing homes, hospices, etc) and non-specialty health care settings (e.g., social service agencies, schools, jails and prisons, etc.), the nature and impact of routine prevention or clinical practice, and factors related to successful dissemination and implementation of social work services and interventions with proven effectiveness.

J Flanzer 2006

social work and the politics of the research game
Social Work and the Politics of the Research Game
  • Know and declare what is social work’s domain.
  • Be multidiscipline- reach across professions, schools, agencies.
  • Include others in the social work led projects ( bargaining to be included in theirs).
  • Offer research sites (etc) something they need to enhance cooperation.

J Flanzer 2006

social work domains
Social work Domains
  • Human Service/Social welfare agencies.
  • Social Welfare Policy.
  • Social service adjunct services in host agencies.
  • Social work practice (including clinical social work, social group work, social work administration and community development and organization).
  • Social work theory and concepts.

J Flanzer 2006

social work theory and concepts
Social Work Theory and Concepts
  • Schools/theories of social work practice.

(Socialization, psychosocial, functional, problem solving, remedial, reciprocal, behavioral)

Concepts (preferably within schools).

Socialization: social role learning, social adaptation, acculturation, normalization

Functional: case management, use of relationships and of authority.

J Flanzer 2006

social work secret weapon
Social Work Secret Weapon
  • FIELD WORK
    • Involving Students
    • Effectiveness of Teaching
    • Technology Transfer
      • Adoption of evidence–based Practices (Agency motivation to adopt)
      • Absorptive Capacity
      • Cost-Effectiveness
      • Real Work Clinical Trials

J Flanzer 2006

secret 1
* Secret #1…

… success requires

Strategic Thinking

J Flanzer 2006

important initial decisions
Important Initial Decisions

Subject: Make sense in context of the:

-Institute/Program

-Science

-University/school Needs/Direction

  • Scope: It’s a project, not an entire career.

J Flanzer 2006

nih mission
NIH Mission
  • “…to acquire new knowledge to help prevent, detect, diagnose & treat disease and disability.”

To improve public health/clinical outcomes.

J Flanzer 2006

assess state of the science
Assess State-of-the Science
  • CRISP - http://crisp.cit.nih.gov/
  • What credible tools are available?
    • Instruments, interventions, etc.
  • What interim steps are necessary?
    • Validity, reliability, efficacy/effectiveness, implementation, etc.
  • Peer Reviewed Literature
  • Current issues in community

J Flanzer 2006

assess your own research capability
Assess Your Own Research Capability
  • Studies, articles, mentoring, training, clinical experience, etc.

J Flanzer 2006

research infrastructure within social work schools departments
Research Infrastructure within Social Work schools/Departments
  • Need to reward faculty to spur research.
  • Need to honor publication in mainline (peer reviewed) journals – balance between social work and multidiscipline.
  • Need to link research activities to the schools’ mission and activities.
  • Need to link research to the social work community needs.
  • Need to value evidenced based curricula/teaching as much as feasible.

J Flanzer 2006

the learning culture
the learning culture
  • Need to involve the teaching faculty in the research endeavor – one faculty ( the leaning culture).
  • No more lone rangers!!!!!!

J Flanzer 2006

social work ing together
Social WORK(ING) Together
  • Networking across schools/universities
    • Creating cross regional research sites
    • Creating enhanced research infrastructures; specialization centers
    • Visiting/swapping researchers
    • PHD schools partnering with regional non-PhD social work programs; training centers

J Flanzer 2006

secret 2
* Secret #2

It is the job

of NIH staff to

help you succeed.

(get funded, conduct quality research, follow the law)

J Flanzer 2006

who are the nih staff
Who Are the NIH Staff?
  • Program Staff
  • Scientific Review Staff
  • Grants Management Staff

J Flanzer 2006

slide41
Hmmm!

What do you think?

J Flanzer 2006