Supreme Court Cases - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Supreme Court Cases

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  1. Supreme Court Cases

  2. The Case • William Marbury, one of Adam’s “midnight appointments” was denied his job as a judge.

  3. The Question • Could the Supreme Court order the President to deliver appointments?

  4. The Decision • NO, because the Judiciary Act was found unconstitutional

  5. Importance • Established the Supreme Court power of JUDICIAL REVIEW

  6. The Case • The state of Maryland put a tax on the Bank of the U.S., a federal institution

  7. The Questions • Is the Bank of the U.S. constitutional? • Can a state tax a federal agency?

  8. The Decision • Yes, using the elastic clause • No, because of Supremacy Clause

  9. Importance • Increased the power of the federal government over the states.

  10. The Case • Gibbons & Ogden both had ferry services from NY to NJ

  11. The Question • Can states regulate interstate commerce?

  12. The Decision • Interstate means movement BETWEEN 2 states

  13. Importance • Established that the Federal government has complete control over interstate commerce.

  14. JOHN MARSHALL’S DECISIONS STRENGTHENED THE POWER OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT!!