The Case • William Marbury, one of Adam’s “midnight appointments” was denied his job as a judge.
The Question • Could the Supreme Court order the President to deliver appointments?
The Decision • NO, because the Judiciary Act was found unconstitutional
Importance • Established the Supreme Court power of JUDICIAL REVIEW
The Case • The state of Maryland put a tax on the Bank of the U.S., a federal institution
The Questions • Is the Bank of the U.S. constitutional? • Can a state tax a federal agency?
The Decision • Yes, using the elastic clause • No, because of Supremacy Clause
Importance • Increased the power of the federal government over the states.
The Case • Gibbons & Ogden both had ferry services from NY to NJ
The Question • Can states regulate interstate commerce?
The Decision • Interstate means movement BETWEEN 2 states
Importance • Established that the Federal government has complete control over interstate commerce.
JOHN MARSHALL’S DECISIONS STRENGTHENED THE POWER OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT!!