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Government Priorities, the New Deal Compact for South Sudan. Moses Mabior Director of Aid Coordination Minister of Finance, Commerce, Investment and Economic Planning. What the New Deal for Fragile States is. A recognition that peace- and statebuilding need to be prioritised.

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Government priorities the new deal compact for south sudan

Government Priorities, the New Deal Compact for South Sudan

Moses Mabior

Director of Aid CoordinationMinister of Finance, Commerce, Investment and Economic Planning

What the new deal for fragile states is
What the New Deal for Fragile States is

A recognition that peace- and statebuilding need to be prioritised

  • In Nov 2011 in Busan, the 18 g7+ countries agreed on a New Dealfor fragile states together with 24 donors.

  • The New Deal recognizes that fragile states need to focus on peace- and statebuilding first, so they overcome fragility and pursue development.

  • In the New Deal, governments and donors agreed on better solutions for fragile states, based on 3 pillars:

  • Peace- and statebuilding goals (PSGs) should guide the work in fragile states.

  • FOCUS principle for overcoming fragility with country-led assessments and plans.

  • TRUSTprincipleto build trust between donors, gov’t and citizens

    Compacts should underpin enhanced partnership.

Mdgs why they do not work for everyone
MDGs: why they do not work for everyone

Since 2000, fragile countries made less developm’t progress than others

Change in the Human Development Index (HDI) for selected countries from 2000 to 2012

Since 2000, the Human Development Index of fragile states has increased much less than for other developing countries.

Source: Human Development Report 2013 (UNDP)

More appropriate goals for overcoming fragility
More appropriate goals for overcoming fragility

At the heart of the New Deal are 5 peace- and statebuilding goals (PSGs)

1. Legitimate politicsBecause political settlements and conflict resolution are very important in fragile states

5. Revenue and servicesBecause Governments must better manage public money and provide better services

2. SecurityBecause it is vital that citizens can live in security and safety

5 PSGs

  • 4. Economic foundationsBecause it is important to diversify the economy, create livelihoods and jobs

  • 3. JusticeBecause injustices should be corrected and citizens must be able to defend their rights

How to focus on peace and statebuilding
How to FOCUS on peace- and statebuilding

Five key steps to ensure Gov’t and donors FOCUS on overcoming fragility

  • A nationally-led assessment of the causes of fragility and crisis.

  • Fragility assessment for South Sudan was completed in 2012.

Fragility assessment

One vision, one plan

Use PSGs to monitor

Support pol. dialogue


  • A national plan and vision for how to overcome fragility.

  • Until 2016, the SSDP serves as our ‘one vision, one plan’.

  • An agreement between Gov’t and partners to work better together.

  • A New Deal Compact for South Sudan is currently being developed.

  • Use of the PSGs indicators to monitor progress in tackling fragility.

  • Data on many of the PSG indicators is available for South Sudan.

  • Increased support for credible and inclusive political dialogue.

  • Government and partners have begun allocating more resources.

Better ways to build trust among partners
Better ways to build trust among partners

The New Deal contains principles for trust between Gov’t, donors & citizens

TransparencyCitizens should have access to information on how aid and public money is spent

Risk-sharingRisks and mistakes cannot be avoided outright, but donorsand Government should work together to manage them.

Timely and predictable aidDonors should provide aid that arrives on time and facilitates national planning



  • Strengthen capacitiesDonors and Government should invest more to strengthen national institutions

  • Use of country systemsDonors should begin to use Gov’t (rather than parallel) systems to deliver aid

South sudan economic partners forum washington dc april 2013 agreement to develop a compact
South Sudan Economic Partners ForumWashington DC, April 2013 – Agreement to develop a Compact

Why a new deal compact with partners is needed
Why a New Deal Compact with partners is needed

An enhanced framework to navigate peace- and statebuilding challenges

Puts focus on major RSS objectivesHighlights key goals for peace- and statebuilding and helps communicate progress to citizens and partners

Facilitates more effective aidPromotes new country-led ways of delivering assistance and encourages coherence

Signals int‘l commitmentShows that donors will support peace- and statebuilding in RSS in the long-term

Key benefits for RSS

  • Creates mutual accountabilityCommits Gov‘t and donors to achieving clear goals and deliver for citizens

  • Creates framework for dialogueStructures dialogue with donors and citizens around an agreed shared agenda

Resources to support the compact
Resources to support the Compact

The compact will serve as umbrella agreement for innovative donor support


World Bank Budget Support

Partnership(Pooled) Fund

Private Investment Conference

EU Budget Support

AfDB Budget Support

National Executionof UN Projects

IMF Budget Support

Consultations on the CompactReaching out to people about the goals Gov’t and donors should work towards

Broad consultation process
Broad consultation process

So far, more than 1,000 stakeholders helped define goals & benchmarks

Donor community



stakeholders engaged so far

Civil society, int’l / nat’lNGOs36%






state consultations already conducted



National and state Gov’t




events in broadest policy outreach since independence





Consultation results what people want
Consultation results: what people want

Peace- & statebuilding benchmarks

Aid effectiveness benchmarks

National reconciliation

Better aid flow & results reporting



Free and fair elections

Joint aid planning, mgm’t & monitoring



Security sector capacity and reform

Increased use of Gov’t systems



Protection of civilians & human rights

Strengthened sub-national capacity



Access to justice& judicial capacity

More predictable aid commitments



Accountability & anti-corruption




Agriculture & economic diversification


Public financial managementincl. oil revenue management


Local service delivery


W hat the new deal compact will look like in practice
What the New Deal Compact will look like in practice

A four-page compact document plus a policy matrix with 15 benchmarks




  • A 4-page document that serves as the overall umbrella agreement.

  • The document sets out overall goal, principles, joint commitments, and modalities for the Compact.

  • A table with 15 annual benchmarks in the areas identified in the consultations.

  • Benchmarks are being developed in technical groups and will be reviewed on a regular basis with Gov’t, donors and civil society.

Local services support joint plan of action
Local Services Support Joint Plan of Action

Actions under the Local Service Delivery Benchmark will be guided by the LSS Joint Plan of Action. This is a cross-sectoral plan signed by six Undersecretaries to improve basic service delivery, organised around six core policy principles.

Lss joint plan of action cont
LSS Joint Plan of Action cont.

The Joint Plan of Actions has identified priority actions under each policy area to address weaknesses in systems and capacity that prevent improvements in service delivery.

Policy principles and priority actions

Weaknesses in systems and capacities

  • Policy and institutional coherence

  • Complete/disseminate policies critical for service delivery

  • Improve communication between Gov’t entities

Weak policy and institutional coherence


  • Human Resource Management

  • Review and propose LG HR practices (HRM framework)

  • Strengthen pay and payroll management

Weak HR and payroll management


  • Sector effectiveness

  • Build capacity for capital investment management

  • Build capacity for education/health/water service delivery

Inadequate, inequitableinfrastructure distribution


  • Equitable and coherent funding

  • Development and implement LG PFM systems

  • Strengthen budgeting process at State and County level

  • Design sector County/facility grants for service delivery

Inadequate, unbalanced,unclear funding modes


  • Top-down / bottom-up accountability

  • Design an LG oversight, supervision and monitoring system at State level and feed findings up to national level

  • Review existing social accountability structures in South Sudan and identify linkages and overlaps

Weak accountability



The New Deal Compact will define a better framework for Gov’t-donor partnership

  • The New Deal for Fragile States helps us understand what needs to be done to build such foundations in politics, security, justice, economics, public finances and services, as well as aid effectiveness.

  • As a member of the g7+ and New Deal pilot country, South Sudan is forging a New Deal Compact with its donors to define a more focussed partnership, based on 15 benchmarks for peace- and statebuildingand aid effectiveness.

  • The Compact and its benchmarks will create a framework for mutual accountability and dialogue between Government, donors and citizens that will provide us with new momentum in our fight against fragility.

  • The Local Services Support Joint Plan of Action provides a cross-sectoral framework for strengthening systems for service delivery.