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Japan After WWII. WWII Recap. Japan entered WWII because they had a lack of resources Joined as a member of the Axis Powers Germany, Italy, and Japan Major events Massacre of Nanjing in China Pearl Harbor Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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Presentation Transcript
wwii recap
WWII Recap
  • Japan entered WWII because they had a lack of resources
    • Joined as a member of the Axis Powers
      • Germany, Italy, and Japan
  • Major events
    • Massacre of Nanjing in China
    • Pearl Harbor
    • Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • In short, the war resulted in almost a complete destruction of Japan
    • Government, military, economy, and culture
government and military reform
Government and Military Reform
  • After the war the Allies did not want Japan to threaten world peace again
    • U.S., England, France
  • The Allies put American Douglas MacArthur in charge of the military and governmental changes
    • Dismantled Japan’s armed forces completely
      • An end to militarism and nationalism
    • Military and civilian leaders who committed crimes during the war were put in jail or executed
government and military reform1
Government and Military Reform
  • Government was changed from being led by an all powerful emperor and military dictators created by the Meiji Restoration to a democracy
    • New parts of government
      • Constitution
      • Bill of Rights
      • Elections
      • Illegal for Japan to go to war or have a military
  • Strangely, Japan became a major political ally of the United States after the war
economic reform
Economic Reform
  • World War II destroyed the economy of Japan
    • Atomic bombs greatly damaged all industrial areas
    • During the war the country only produced things necessary for war
  • Other setbacks to improving the economy
    • Limited resources
      • Oil, coal, iron, etc
  • Reasons for eventual success
    • High tech products like TVs, VCRs, CD players, etc
      • New factories built by the U.S. with the latest technology
economic reform1
Economic Reform
  • Reasons for eventual success
    • Fuel efficient and high quality cars
    • Continued belief in Bushido
      • Hard working
      • Loyalty to the company
      • Honor family by doing your job perfectly
      • Very educated and skilled workers
cultural reform
Cultural Reform
  • Major changes happened socially after the war
    • Family
      • Arranged marriages are no longer the norm
      • Most families have moved from the country to cities
      • Extended families are being replaced with nuclear families
    • Women
      • Even though women are equal legally now, they are not completely equal
        • Trouble getting into major universities
        • Most women work as “Office Ladies” or secretaries
cultural reform1
Cultural Reform
  • Major changes happened socially after the war
    • Western Influence
      • Although technology, cars, video games, and anime have come to America we influence them as well
        • Clothing, fast food, movies, music
          • Michael Jackson
    • Pacifism
      • Japanese now refuse to use force/ violence in any situation
        • Minimal crime
        • Minimal murder
      • Japan has only a small self defense force of soldiers
        • U.S. military truly defends them
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