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Types of Government. Chapter 1 Section 3. Quick write. What is a democracy? How does a democracy provide a good government for diverse people?. Key Terms: Choose 3 to define. Autocracy : a system of government in which the power and authority to rule are in the hands of a single individual.

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types of government

Types of Government

Chapter 1 Section 3

quick write
Quick write
  • What is a democracy? How does a democracy provide a good government for diverse people?
key terms choose 3 to define
Key Terms: Choose 3 to define
  • Autocracy: a system of government in which the power and authority to rule are in the hands of a single individual.
  • Monarchy: a form of autocratic government in which a king, queen, or emperor has supreme powers of government.
  • Oligarchy: a system of government in which a small group holds power.
  • Democracy: a system of government in which rule is by the people
  • Republic: voters hold sovereign power
  • Political Party: group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, and determine public policy.
  • Free enterprise: the opportunity to control one’s economic decisions.
major types of government
Major Types of Government
  • Autocracy (rule by one person)
      • Ex: totalitarian dictatorship Adolf Hitler in Nazi Germany

(1933-1945)

  • Monarchy (rule by a few persons)
      • Ex: absolute monarchs (common in Europe during 1400s-1700s)
      • Ex: constitutional monarchs (Spain, Great Britain- share governmental powers with legislatures)
  • Democracy (rule by many persons)
      • Ex: Direct democracy (people govern themselves by voting on issues, small societies)
      • Ex: Representative Democracy (people elect representatives and give them power and responsibility to make laws.)U.S.
      • Ex: Republic (voters hold sovereign power) U.S.
characteristics of a democracy
Characteristics of a Democracy
  • Individual Liberty: individuals are as free as possible to develop their own capacities
  • Majority Rule with Minority Rights: government decisions are based on a majority rule. (tyranny of the majorityWWII Japanese American were deprived of basic liberties)
  • Free Elections:
    • 1. Everyone’s vote has the same weight
    • 2. All candidates have the right to express their views freely
    • 3. Citizens are free to help candidates or support issues
    • 4. the legal requirements for voting are kept to a minimum
  • Competing political parties: rival parties make elections meaningful and give voters a choice.
  • **EXPLAIN WHY EACH OF THESE CHARACTERISTICS IS IMPORTANT TO A DEMOCRACY
the soil of democracy
The Soil of Democracy
  • Active Citizen Participation: citizens must be willing to participate in civic life.
  • A favorable economy: country does not have extremes of wealth and poverty. Free enterprise!
  • Widespread Education: Democracies need an educated public.
  • Strong Civil Society: groups exist independently of government (voluntary associations, religious organizations etc.)
  • Social Consensus: most people accept democratic values.
reflection
Reflection
  • How well are the will of the majority and the rights of minorities being preserved in the United States? Provide an example.