Side Events: Disaster Risk Reduction: Government to Governance. Professional Management and Integrated Governance. Peijun Shi 1,2,3 , Ming Wang 1,3 ,Jing'ai Wang 1.4 , Qian Ye 1,3 , Saini Yang 1,3 , Yanli Lv 1,3
Peijun Shi1,2,3, Ming Wang1,3,Jing'ai Wang1.4 ,
Qian Ye1,3,Saini Yang1,3, Yanli Lv1,3
1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University;
2.Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Beijing Normal University;
3.Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Beijing Normal University;
4. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University
Beijing Normal University ,Beijing, China
Examples of major disasters related to climate (precipitation and temperature)
Mississippi River floods in the United States in 2011
Drought disasters in south China in 2011
Snow and ice storms in south China in 2008
Hurricane Katrina disaster in the United States in 2005
(P. Shi, 1991)
Socio-Ecological System and major issue facing the sustainable development.Disaster System Complexity
Multi major issue facing the sustainable development.-hazards
Low Temperature and Freeze
Earthquake - Tsunami Disaster Chain of Japan in 2011 major issue facing the sustainable development.
Source: Peijun Shi et al., 2011
China 5·12 Earthquake Disaster Chain of Wenchuan, in 2008 major issue facing the sustainable development.
Heavy rain major issue facing the sustainable development.
EarthquakeEarthquake Disaster Chain of Wenchuan, China in 2008
Source: Peijun Shi et al., 2009
H major issue facing the sustainable development.azards(Disasters) compound
The large-scale sleet&snow disaster in South of China（2008）
Multi-hazard, Disaster-chain, H major issue facing the sustainable development.azards(Disasters) compound and LSD
Multi-hazard, Disaster-chain, Hazards(Disasters) compound are often used in various references of disaster studies, but there is still different understanding about their essential difference (Shi et al., 2010a).
Disaster-chain, Hazards(Disasters)compound triggered by a severe or enormous disaster event are generally the reason for the huge losses of LSD.
The existence of multi-hazards is not a necessary condition for the formation of a LSD; only when the regional disaster prevention capacity is extremely low will it be possible to trigger a LSD.
Complexity of Disaster System
Integrated Disaster Risk Governance
The Nation-wide Paradigm of Integrated LSD Risk major issue facing the sustainable development.
Governance in China (Top-down)
Consilience between Disaster Risk Reduction and Development
Year's Loss Ratio and Death population rate Caused by Natural Disaster in China
Annual economic loss to GDP ratio (expressed as percentage of GDP) and annual death rate (number of deaths per million people) caused by natural disasters in China, 1990-2011 (excluding the Wenchuan earthquake event, 2008). Based on data from Fang et. al.
Source: The People’s Insurance Company of China, 1992; Shi, 2003 and 2011.
Disaster Risk Maps of CHINA
Forming integratedDS governance paradigm
Government:Development and Disaster Reduction (Governance)
Community: Safety Construction (Legislation)
Institute:Risk Transformation (Mechanism)
Family:Risk Awareness (Education)
Consilience Model for Integrated China. DSGovernance
Improving mitigation to response China. ER
we propose to establish “global integrated disaster risk governance paradigm” under the development strategy for “living with global climate diversity .
Global Integrated Disaster Risk Governance Paradigm under Development Strategy for Living with Global Climate Diversity
For this reason, humans must establish corresponding defensive measures based on the integrated characteristics of CCR, improving mitigation to response ER, improving resilence to response FR and improving adaptation to response TR. Only by improving mitigation, resilience and adaptation of human beings gradually to response climate change and form cohesion of integrated CCR governance, can we promote sustainability comprehensively from local, regional to global under the background of climate change.
Key Points China.
AThe nature of disaster system shows the characteristics of deep complexity. The human society as a whole should fully address the deep complexity and establish governance paradigms for better and more effective disaster risk reduction. The parameters in a disaster system usually experience the slow onset change, the rapid sudden change or the fluctuation in between, and these changes can often be observed as multiple hazards, disaster chain or disaster compound
Key Points China.
B As a traditional fashion, based on the regional variation of hazards, exposures and environments that form the essential of a disaster system, government emphasizes the various professional structure measures including safety construction, disaster relief, emergency management and risk transfer, along with professional functional measures such as preparedness, emergency response, recovery and reconstruction. However, in face of the deep complexity within the disaster system, traditional measures face significant difficulty of balancing and enhancing the efficiency and efficacy of resources used for disaster risk reduction.
Key Points China.
This article proposes a strategy of integrated disaster risk reduction (DRR) :