Biological Molecules. Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic Acids . Organic Molecules. Always contain Carbon (C) and Hydrogen (H) Carbon is missing four electrons Capable of forming 4 covalent bonds Carbon can bind with hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and itself!
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Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic Acids
Sugars (glucose, sucrose, starch)
All carbs have the formula Cn(H2O)n
Fats, Oils, and Waxes
All lipids do not dissolve in water = hydrophobic
triglyceride but one fatty acid is
replaced with a phosphate
hydrophobic fatty acid tail
DNA and RNA