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Urinary Quiz

Urinary Quiz

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Urinary Quiz

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  1. Urinary Quiz Developed by: Sorcha McCaughley & Mark Brims Approved by: Gawain Hammond & Maureen Bain Supported by: The Chancellor’s Fund

  2. Urinary Quiz START! Developed by: Sorcha McCaughley & Mark Brims Supported by: The Chancellor’s Fund

  3. What do you want to look at? I want to view the: Kidneys Bladder & Urethra

  4. The Kidneys B • The radiographs on the right show canine kidneys injected with contrast. • What is A? Calyx Renal Pelvis • What is B? Renal Crest Renal Lobe • What are C? Collecting ducts Renal Arteries A C C

  5.  Incorrect  No, this is not a Calyx! The dog has a uni-lobar kidney, it does not have distinct calyces. Calyces are most easily seen in Bovine kidneys: Try Again!

  6.  Incorrect  No, this is not a Renal Lobe! The dog has a uni-lobar kidney, it does not have distinct Lobes. Try Again!

  7.  Incorrect  No, these are not the Collecting Ducts! The collecting ducts are soft tissue structures and are too small to be seen on radiographs. Try Again!

  8.  Correct!  Well done! This is the Renal Pelvis. It is where the collecting ducts gather to form the ureter. Here is another example: Now try part B

  9.  Correct!  Well done! This is the Renal Crest. It is the Medulla at the point where it joins the renal pelvis. Here is another example: Now try part C

  10.  Correct!  Well done! These are the Renal Arteries. They supply the kidney with blood to be filtered. Here are some other examples: Now try Bladder & Urethra radiographs

  11. The Bladder • The radiographs on the right show canine bladders injected with contrast. a) What is the correct order? A, B, C = Body, Neck, Apex Neck, Body, Apex Apex, Body, Neck C B A

  12.  Incorrect  Sorry, this is not the correct order! Try Again!

  13.  Correct!  • Yes! This is the correct order. Here is another example of the bladder: • Now try Urethra radiographs Neck Body Apex

  14. The Urethra • The radiographs on the right show the canine urinary system injected with contrast. • What sex is the top radiograph? Why? • Male • Female • b) With regard to parts of the Urethra, which is the correct order: A, B, C, D = • Penile, Perineal, Pelvic • Pelvic, Perineal, Penile • Pelvic, Penile, Perineal • c) On the numbered radiograph, which is the urethra? • 2 • 6 • 7 • d) What is 4? • Uterine horn • Internal Iliac artery • Small Intestine A B C

  15.  Incorrect  No, this dog is not female. The bottom radiograph shows the urinary system of a bitch. The contrast has entered the reproductive tract: Try Again!

  16.  Correct!  • Yes! This is a male dog. In the bitch the urethra enters the vestibule of the reproductive tract in the pelvis. • The urethra continues beyond the pelvis in this radiograph. • Now try part b)

  17.  Correct!  • Yes! This is the correct order. Here is the radiograph with labels: • Now try part c) Pelvic Perineal Penile

  18.  Incorrect  Sorry, this is not the correct order! Try Again!

  19.  Incorrect  No! This is not the Urethra. Number 2 is the Ureters. They can be seen leaving the kidneys: Try Again!

  20.  Incorrect  No! This is not the Urethra. Number 7 is the Vestibule of the Vulva. Try Again!

  21.  Correct!  Yes! 6 is the Urethra. It can be seen passing between the (empty) bladder and the vestibule: Try part d)

  22.  Incorrect  No! This is not the Internal Iliac artery. The cardiovascular system has not had any contrast injected in this radiograph – blood vessels cannot be seen. Try Again!

  23.  Incorrect  No! This is not the Small Intestine. There is no contrast in the digestive tract, and the small intestines are located more ventrally: Try Again!

  24.  Correct!  Yes! This is a Uterine horn. Although they look close to the ureters on lateral x-rays, dorso-ventral views show that they lie more laterally: Return to Start End Quiz