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  1. I N S A INDONESIAN NATIONAL SHIPOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION PROSPEK PERTUMBUHAN MARITIM WILAYAH TIMUR INDONESIA BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA 10 MAY 2011 DPP INSA CHAIRMAN Johnson W. Sutjipto DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  2. PertumbuhanMaritim Indonesia Wilayah Timur • SejarahIndustrimaritimdi Indonesia • Potensi yang kitamiliki • Keadaan yang berlakusaatini (Cabotage) • Posisi Indonesia wilayahTimur • Kelemahan yang harusdiperbaiki • Strategy secarakeseluruhan (Grand Strategy) • TantangandanLangkah-langkah yang sebaiknyadilaksanakan • Summary DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  3. PERTUMBUHAN MARITIM WILAYAH TIMUR INDONESIA 1. Sejarah Industri maritim di Indonesia DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  4. HISTORICAL OF NASIONAL SHIPPING BUSINESS 1825, First assembly of steam vessel in Surabaya 1851, First steam vessel serve Indonesian Archipelago 1864, NISN (Netherland Indies Steam Navigation) 1888, KPM (KoninklijkePaketvaartMaatschaapij) 1942, Japanese Occupation DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  5. HISTORICAL OF NATIONAL SHIPPING BUSINESS • 1947, SGS – Joint Venture Belanda 45% • MKSS / PPSS (Perusahaan Pelayaran Sulawesi Selatan) • NOCEMO / PERINDO (Perusahaan Rakyat Indonesia) • Khususangkutankopradari Sulawesi • 1951, PEPUSKA (PemilikPusatKapal-Kapal) • Mengambilalih asset SGS • 1952, PT. PELNI • 1957, PT. PELNI mengambilalih asset • KPM (KoninklijkePaketvaartMaatschaapij) DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  6. NEW ERA OF NASIONAL SHIPPING BUSINESS 1957 – Declaration of JUANDA, “Indonesian first cabotage" via PP 5, 1964 ; PP 1 & PP 2, 1969 Kegiatanangkutanlautdalamnegeridilakukanolehperusahaanangkutannasionaldenganmenggunakankapalberbendera Indonesia sertadiawakiolehawakkapalberkewarganegaraan Indonesia Kegiatanangkutanlautluarnegeridilakukansecarakerjasamadenganpelayaranasingdenganmengunakanazasatauprinsip “Fair Share”sesuaidenganUnited Nation convention on code of conduct for the liner conference, 1975 – sehingga Indonesia sempatmenguasai 70% angkutanlautluarnegerinya. DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  7. Down turn of national shipping business KM Menhub 57, 1984 “Scrapping Policy”, “Liberalization Shipping Companies & Foreign Ships Licences” Inpres No. 4, 1985 & PP No. 17, 1988 (Paknov 21) “Liberalization 127 Ports To Become Open Ports”, “Removal Pola Trayek Policies” UU No. 21, 1992 “Shipping Law” DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  8. Upturn of national shipping business Cabotage Principle Presidential Instruction No. 5 Year 2005 (INPRES 5) Transportation Ministry Decree KM 71 Year 2005 Undang-Undang No 17 / May 2008 tentang Pelayaran Keputusan Menteri Perhubungan KM 71/2005, KM 22/2010 PM 73/2010 DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  9. Upturn of national shipping business • UU No 17 TAHUN 2008, PASAL 8, AYAT 1. Kegiatan angkutan laut dalam negeri dilakukan oleh perusahaan angkutan nasional dengan menggunakan kapalberbendera Indonesia serta diawaki oleh awak kapal berkewarganegaraan Indonesia DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  10. I N S A INDONESIAN NATIONAL SHIPOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION 2. Potensi yang kita miliki DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  11. INDONESIA NEGARA KEPULAUAN TERBESAR DI DUNIA • Jumlah Pulau : + 17.504 • Garis Pantai : + 95,181 km (kedua terpanjang setelah Kanada) • Luas Wilayah Daratan : 1,9 Juta km2 • Luas Wilayah Lautan : 5,8 Juta km2 • Laut Teritorial : 0,8 Juta km2 • Laut Nusantara : 2,3 Juta km2 • ZEE : 2,7 Juta km2 Memerlukan Transportasi Laut Yang Handal • Pendayagunaan dan Pembangunan • Potensi Laut sebagai : • Medium Sumber Daya • Medium Komunikasi • Medium Lingkungan/ Ekosistem DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  12. WHAT WE HAVE IN INDONESIA • 1.9 million square km of Indonesia total area, 2/3 is covered by water. • Indonesia has sea line of 95,181 km, the FOURTH longest in the world after Canada, America & Russia. • Indonesia has approximately 17,504 big and small islands, separated by sea. high dependency for sea transportation. • Large population base • Substantial Natural resources Source: Directorate General of Sea Transportation, blueprint of INSA DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  13. DOMESTIC SEA TRANSPORTATION SOURCE: SEACOM DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  14. INTERNATIONAL SEA TRANSPORTATION (EXPORT & IMPORT) SOURCE: SEACOM DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  15. I N S A INDONESIAN NATIONAL SHIPOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION 3. Keadaan yang berlaku saat ini (Cabotage) DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  16. Cabotage by Definition • From <Caboter>, to sail along the coast • Cabotage is the Transport of Goods and Passengers between two points in the same country (Wikipedia) • Cabotage is the principle of reserving the privilege or right of Navigating and trading along the coast between two or more ports within the National territory “only to vessel that are dulyregistered in that country” DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  17. Why Cabotage • Maintain National Economic and operating control over critical National Infrastructure • Critical national Infrastructure -Essential to functioning of National Economy - Banking and Finance, Domestic transport, telecommunications and utilities. • All providers of domestic transportation services operate under the same National Laws and regulations DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  18. Cabotage as Foundation • The Domestic (“Cabotage”) Fleet is the Foundation of Country maritime industry • The “Cabotage” enforcement are the foundation for ensuring National control over critical domestic transportation infrastructure DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  19. Cabotage Vs Liberalization • Maritime transport play very important role for the country • Maritime Transport services contribute National, Regional, as well as to world Economic Growth • Country Obligation in implementing Liberalization and Multilateral trading ( many Indonesian Ports open for Foreign flag vessels) But National development in Maritime industry sector should be prudently taken into account DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  20. Cabotage • Untuk dapat memiliki armada berbendera Indonesia yang kuat,demi menunjang Negara maritim yang kuat sehingga Perkapalan Indonesia dapat menjadi tuan rumah di Negeri Sendiri. • Dengan azas Cabotage kita mendidik, melindungi lingkungan dan keselamatan Perkapalan Indonesia sehingga dapat menjadi pillar dari keberadaan negara Maritim Indonesia kontribusi Pengusaha Nasional dalam membangun Industri Maritim Indonesia yang dapat membanggakan DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  21. Instruksi Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 5 Tahun 2005 Tanggal 28 Maret 2005 tentang Pemberdayaan Industri Pelayaran Nasional DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA -21-

  22. ROADMAP PELAKSANAAN AZAS CABOTAGE**)ANGKUTAN LAUT DALAM NEGERI BERDASARKAN KOMODITI (2005-2010)*) Prediksi kenaikan pangsa muatan per komoditi rata-rata 10% per tahun.*) Hasil pembahasan dengan DPP INSA tanggal 2 dan 18 Mei 2005.**) Telah disepakati bersama instansi dan asosiasi terkait (INSA, APBMI, IPERINDO, GAFEKSI/ INFA, PELRA, DEPALINDO, APBI, BP MIGAS, PERTAMINA, PELINDO, Dep ESDM, Dep Dag, Dephub) pada rapat Pokja Perhubungan tanggal 11 Agustus 2005 jam 15.00 WIB DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  23. CABOTAGE ROADMAP TYPE OF COMMODITIES General Cargo Wood Fresh Product CPO Fertilizer Agri Grain Coal Other Grains Cement Other Liquid Oil/ Petroleum Rice Mine and Quarry Offshore END OF ROADMAP DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  24. VESSEL GROWTH AFTER Presidential Degree No.5 / 2005 3843 Unit (63.62%) Source: Sea Com DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  25. NATIONAL MERCHANT SHIPPINGCOMPANIES GROWTH No. of Shipping Companies Source : Seacom 1.758 1.485 1.382 SIUPAL 1.274 SIOPSUS 1,153 382 322 370 300 317 DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  26. PROFILE OF NATIONAL SHIPPING COMPANY National shipping company base on unit of vessel/s own National shipping base on accumulative GT DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  27. I N S A INDONESIAN NATIONAL SHIPOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION 4. Posisi Indonesia wilayah Timur DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  28. FUTURE PROSPECT OF East Indonesia Grand Planning Transportation Facilities VS 1. The shipment of cargo and the movement of people involving more than one mode of transportation during a single journey 2. Vessel follow the trade DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  29. Cargo insurer Agent Bunker Supplier Fw supplier Charterer Owner Repair yard/ kontraktor Port facilities Receiver Shipper Broker DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  30. Shipper Ship manager Broker Port custom Immigration Quarantine Owner Shipping Management Cargo Insurance Bunker Business Crew Shipyard Export Import Domestic Inter Island Insurance DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  31. I N S A INDONESIAN NATIONAL SHIPOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION 5. Kelemahan yang harus diperbaiki DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  32. DISADVANTAGES • Contract  short term • Tax Government Rule Income/VAT • Interest rate (Local Bank)  High Level • Freight (Domestic)  Lower level • Old/Sub Standard vessels  Wreckage & GHG • Crewing skill improvement Owner account • Ship Mortgage/Ship Arrest  In Progress DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  33. I N S A INDONESIAN NATIONAL SHIPOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION Competitive ingredients for Indonesian fleet expansion • Export commodities  International trade • Port Facilities  Private Sector • Scrap vessels  Green Recycling Yard/s • Tally  Cargo Surveyors • Lube/Fuel services  Lube/Bunker facilities • Crew shortages Training center • Insurance  Pooling system • R & M  Shipyard/s + Sub contractor • Spares and technician Supplier/specialist DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  34. I N S A INDONESIAN NATIONAL SHIPOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION 6. Strategy secara keseluruhan (Grand Strategy) DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  35. LangkahStrategis • Laksanakan peran Pemerintah sesuai UU No.17 psl 56-57 • Mengidentifikasi potensi muatan di Wilayah Timur Indonesia • Membuat pilot project sesuai dengan area dan kebutuhan • Berikan Insentif pola trayek yang jelas • Pro-Lokal dan buat standard aturan yang baku DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  36. Established joint working group between parties involves and set up the intermodal transportation system with the related Government in charged All related parties with full assistances of the Government should be ready to accept the challenge Langkahstrategis DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  37. PertumbuhanMaritimwilayahTimur Indonesia 7. Tantangan dan Langkah-langkah yang sebaiknya dilaksanakan DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  38. Challenges Challenges • Global Market Need effectiveTransportation Facilities • New Transportation Facilities Need a New way of Skills • Effective Link mode coordination between Mode of Transportation • Environment Problem vs Pollution • Expert in area of Development DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  39. Challenges • Globalization era will eliminate the cross border • Economic growth inter related country inline with the growth of infrastructure / transportation Facilities • People and Goods movement need efficient transportation mode, and Port Facilities DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  40. Challenges • Seamless flow of passenger and cargo in a unified and interconnected manner • Sustainable transportation system which be economically efficient, environmentally sound, secure and ethically based • High degree of coordination and integration between Government, private and public sectors DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  41. I N S A INDONESIAN NATIONAL SHIPOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION 8. Summary DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  42. I N S A INDONESIAN NATIONAL SHIPOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION Mengutip kata-kata bapak Ir. Soekarno presiden pertama RI dalam National Maritime Convention I Tahun 1963 Bahwa: Untuk membangun Indonesia menjadi negara besar, negara kuat, negara damai yang merupakan National Building bagi negara Indonesia, maka : “Negara dapat menjadi kuat jika menguasai lautan dan Untuk menguasai lautan kita harus menguasai armada yang seimbang” DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA

  43. I N S A INDONESIAN NATIONAL SHIPOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION TERIMA KASIH Let’s Be together to manage the future DPP INSA-BEM FTK ITS SURABAYA