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United Nations Capital Development Fund. The Role of Local Government in Rural Finance. Kadmiel Wekwete Director, Local Development Practice Area International Forum on the Eradication of Poverty United Nations | 15 November 2006.

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the role of local government in rural finance
United NationsCapital Development Fund

The Role of Local Governmentin Rural Finance

Kadmiel Wekwete

Director, Local Development Practice Area

International Forum on the Eradication of Poverty

United Nations | 15 November 2006

slide2
Linkages between local government and Rural Finance weak, and and poorly articulated

Local Government focus is on rules, regulation and control; sometimes viewed as negative to promoting rural finance.

Local Governments viewed as taxing authorities and undermining local business.

Background

slide3
Rural Finance - part of the domestic financial system and tends to be fragmented, and is unable to meet the finance needs of the rural population.

Rural Finance refers to the provision of financial services to a heterogeneous rural farm and non-farm population at all income levels.

Rural communities lack secure and accessible deposit facilities and savings are held in cash or assets which are hard to mobilize.

Background

Continued.

slide4
Conceptual and practical challenge of connecting local government and rural finance.

Connection is more evident in local economic development, seeking to transform the economic and social potential of places.

More specifically, LED provides a framework for linking LG and rural finance, through focus on enterprise development.

Background

slide5
Empowerment through enhancing local governance

Devolution and improved public expenditure management

Enhanced Local Services Delivery

Financial Services Development

Local Economic Development

Local Development Framework

slide6
High risks in the rural economy related to dominance of small scale agriculture

Access to borrower information impeded by lack of efficient transport, communications infrastructure and well functioning asset registries and databases

Poorly defined property and land use rights which undermine collateral for many of the rural households in the rural economy

Addressing Rural Finance Challenges

slide7
Organization and management of rural economies –steering local development

Provision of basic infrastructure and services and increasing “accessibility”

Organization of registry on land and land ownership with traditional authorities

Household Asset Registries for collateral purposes

The Role of Local Governments in Promoting Rural Finance

slide8
Transforming LG from passive administrative units to active development agencies

Building LG into accountable and measurable planners and implementators

Fiscal decentralization implemented

Focus on Local Economic Development

Transforming the Role of Local Government

slide9
UNCDF LDPs support increased access to basic infrastructure (through LDF) and supporting service delivery (through LG recurrent expenditure).

Strengthen and empower LG; creating conditions for vibrant, pro-poor local economic development.

UNCDF Local Development Programmes

slide10
To recognize that land and property upon it are assets;

That to register these assets is the foundation for collateral;

Collateral is the key to accessing (even unconventional) micro-financing;

Micro-financing is the counterweight to public infrastructure/services provision.

Vibrant LED? The Role of LGs?

slide11
Next generation programmes to focus on importance of rural financial systems for local economic development.

Combine traditional focus on infrastructure / service delivery with business development and rural financial development.

Local Development Programmes

slide12
The fusion of public with private investment – a major theme of Unleashing Entrepreneurship; and

The dynamic role of LG – embracing all sources of revenue (local; government; donors), to ensure success in its total performance.

The Bottom Line for UNCDF

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