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## Constructions

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**History**• Geometric constructions: what can be built with just a straight-edge and a compass • Ancient Greeks asked many questions about constructions: • Can we trisect an arbitrary angle? • Is it possible to double the cube? • Can we square the circle?**Rules for Constructions**0. Start with 2 distinct points in the plane • Can draw a line through any 2 already constructed points. • Can draw a circle with center an already constructed point and through another already constructed point. • Can construct points which are at intersection of 2 distinct constructed lines, 2 distinct constructed circles, or a constructed line and a constructed circle**Definitions**• A figure is constructible if we can construct it by applying rules 0 and a finite number of steps 1-3. • The sequence of steps is called a construction. • The 2 points in step 0 are called the base points.**Examples**• Equilateral triangle • Square • Bisect angle • Pentagon • 15-gon • mn-gon when m and n are relatively prime**Tilings**• Regular tiling of the plane consists of regular polygons