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German Unification under Bismarck. Otto von Bismarck Junker class-aristocrat-Prussian Nationalist. Believed in Prussian power Unite German states under Prussian leadership-NOT Austrian Leader of Prussian politics Prime Minister in 1862.

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german unification under bismarck
German Unification under Bismarck
  • Otto von Bismarck
  • Junker class-aristocrat-Prussian Nationalist
  • Believed in Prussian power
  • Unite German states under Prussian leadership-NOT Austrian
  • Leader of Prussian politics
    • Prime Minister in 1862
bismarck sets the tone of his leadership
Bismarck sets the tone of his Leadership

Germany is not looking to Prussia’s liberalism but to her power. . . . The great questions of the day will not be decided by speeches and majority decisions-that was the mistake of 1848-1849-but by Iron and Blood.

bismarck works with kaiser william i
Bismarck works with Kaiser William I
  • Trying to build up army-
    • Legislature controls $
    • Bypasses them, builds up anyway
    • Uses army for unification
  • Gets support of Germans
    • 8 Hr. work day
    • Pension @ 65 years old
    • Universal male suffrage

Prussia before

unification

ousting the austrians
Ousting the Austrians
  • Must provoke Austria
    • Share responsibility of Schleswig-Hostein
    • OvB treats Austria bad to provoke them into war over regional control
  • Negotiates to keep Russia, France, Italy out of conflict
  • Seven Weeks War-
    • Beat Austrians, badly
    • Just wants Austria out
  • Unites all of N. Germany
final unification
Final Unification
  • France doesn’t want cousin to Kaiser as King of Spain
  • OvB rewrites message to provoke war
  • Both industrialized-ready
  • OvB gets S. Germany (Bavaria) to side, then join, with Prussia
  • Franco-Prussian War
    • Huge German victory
    • French Emperor is caught
  • 1871 Declares German Empire