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Ezekiel Outline

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1-24 Vs. Judah and Jerusalem 25-32 Oracles against foreign nations, especially Egypt 33-48 Words of Hope. 3:22-27 Prophet unable to speak 24:26-27 When Jerusalem falls, your mouth will be opened 33:21-32 City falls; Ezekiel speaks. Ezekiel Outline.

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ezekiel outline
1-24 Vs. Judah and Jerusalem

25-32 Oracles against foreign nations, especially Egypt

33-48 Words of Hope

3:22-27 Prophet unable to speak

24:26-27 When Jerusalem falls, your mouth will be opened

33:21-32 City falls; Ezekiel speaks

Ezekiel Outline
tensions with the torah
Lev 21:13-14 The (high) priest may only marry a virgin. A widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

Ezek 44:22 The priests (in general) shall not marry a widow, or a divorced woman, but only a virgin of the stock of the house of Israel, or a widow who is the widow of a priest.

Tensions with the Torah
the dates in the book of ezekiel
The Dates in the book of Ezekiel
  • 593-571 Ezekiel’s Ministry
    • Jeremiah (626-580s) Second Isaiah (547-540)
  • 26:1 (587/586) vs. 29:17 (571)
    • So I didn’t give you Tyre...
    • O thou who changest too, abide with me!
  • 593 call--cf. Jeremiah 28
  • 8 dates in the years 588-586
  • 8 dates in oracles against the nations
  • 40:1 25th year--halfway to the new day of Jubilee!
characteristic themes in ezekiel
Characteristic themes in Ezekiel
  • So that you may know that I am Yahweh
    • used with words of judgment against land (7:2-4)
    • used with oracles against foreign nations (25:3-5)
    • used with words of salvation (37:6, 13-14)
  • The faithfulness and freedom of Yahweh
the prophet s call 1
The Prophet’s Call (1)
  • God’s presence
      • came from “north”
      • eyes on wheels
      • winged animals (cherubim)
      • face of man, lion, ox, eagle
      • throne on firmament
      • earthquake, “many waters,” storm, lightning, wind
      • glory of Yahweh
      • one “like” a man; bronze above and fire below
the prophet s call 2
The Prophet’s Call (2)
  • God’s presence in Babylon. Note emphasis on God’s mobility
      • wheels
      • wings
      • legs
      • faces go anywhere without turning
      • spirit
the prophet s call 3
The Prophet’s Call (3)
  • Closest parallels with Isaiah (ch. 6)and Micaiah ben Imlah (1 Kings 22)
  • “Son of Man”; “mortal” (not Ezekiel)
  • Eat scroll that is written on both sides--full of lamentation, mourning, and woe
  • Yet, it is sweeter than honey
  • called to be a watchman (only has to warn; Yahweh sends watchman against Yahweh’s self!)
symbolic actions
Symbolic actions
  • 4:1-3 A mock attack on Jerusalem
  • 4:4-8 390 days lying on left side; 40 days lying on right side
  • 4:12-15 cooking with human dung
  • 5:1-3 the prophet’s hair (burn, sword, scatter)
  • 12:1-16 going into exile
  • 24:15-28 wife dies
  • 37:15-28 two sticks become one
the second great vision 8 11 1
The Second Great Vision 8-11 (1)
  • statue of passion which provokes to passion
  • idolatrous figures on a wall (Osiris?): “Yahweh does not see us; Yahweh has abandoned the land”
  • women weeping for Tammuz
  • 25 men worshipping the sun; they have put the “branch” to their (or my) nose
the second great vision 8 11 2
The Second Great Vision 8-11 (2)
  • chap 9: marks put on those who sigh and groan over abominations in city
  • 10:19 and 11:23 the chariot-throne’s great pauses
  • Pelatiah the son of Benaiah dies during Ezekiel’s sermon
      • “Yahweh delivers” (Pelatiah), the son of “Yahweh builds up” (Benaiah)
      • Who can escape judgment?
ezekiel s unique history of israel 20 1 26
Ezekiel’s Unique History of Israel 20:1-26
  • Sequence: a. grace, b. laws, c. rebellion, d. God acted for the sake of the Name
  • in Egypt
  • in the first generation in wilderness
  • in the second generation in the wilderness
    • exile decided already in the wilderness
    • Yahweh gave them laws that were not good
  • vv. 27-29 life in the land
  • As I live, I will not be consulted by you!
the history that is to come 20 32 44
The History that is to come 20:32-44
  • Let’s be like the nations and worship wood and stone
  • New Exodus: escape--wilderness/sorting out--procession to the temple
  • I swear I will be king!
  • God as king, judge, and shepherd…in Ezekiel and Second Isaiah
  • God acts for his name’s sake, not according to your evil ways
the possibility of repentance
The Possibility of repentance
  • 18:2 “The parents have eaten sour grapes and the children’s teeth are set on edge”
  • repentance not prevented by the behavior of previous generations
  • repentance not prevented by one’s own earlier lifestyle
  • Yahweh has no delight in death of the wicked; Yahweh wants them to turn and live
  • Life is offered to the house of Israel, which is with Ezekiel in Babylon…but to them only on the basis of repentance.