Test of Early Reading Ability - 3rd Edition Shelley Connolly Spring 2010
TERA-3 Authors: D. Reid, W. Hresko & D. Hammill Published by Pro-Ed 2001 Originally published to measure the reading ability of young children.
Skills proficiency is demonstrated in both receptive and expressive ways for many test items. The test looks at literacy skills across three major domains: Alphabet Conventions Meaning Format
From page 29 of the Examiner’s Manual: “The Alphabet subtest measures the child’s knowledge and use of letters. Readers who do well on this subtest are probably good at phonics and have no trouble decoding words in print. They should have a good grasp of sound associated with letters and letter combinations. The knowledge tapped by this subtest is usually taught by parents and caregivers, or in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade… Alphabet
Children who are less successful on this subtest may confuse or mispronounce letters. They may omit or add inaccurate sounds to words. They may also have difficulty learning about sound-letter relationships. Their ability to decode written words will likely be poor.” D. Reid, W. Hresko & D. Hammill. (2001) Test of Early Reading Ability -Third Edition Examiner’s Manual. Austin: Pro-Ed.
Recognizing Print Naming printed letters Identifying sounds of words in print Segmenting words in print - discerns the number of sounds in a word. Counting syllables in print Identifying basic sight vocabulary Alphabet Subtest & Item Content
Also from Examiner’s manual: This subtest measures the arbitrary aspects of English print. Children who do well on this subtest understand how to hold a book, where to begin reading on a page and when to turn a page. They know that books have different parts, punctuation marks have different functions, words that sound the same may have different meanings and sentences have grammatical constraints…. Conventions
Children who have difficulty with this subtest may find print confusing, may overlook punctuation, and may not be able to navigate easily through a book.
Uppercase/Lowercase recognition Book Handling Punctuation Capitalization Spelling Differentiates homophones Conventions Subtest & Item Content
Also from Examiner’s Manual: This subtest measures a wide variety of ways in which a child comprehends print. Children who do well on this subtest recognize the meaning of signs, logos, and words in both figural and situational contexts. They understand relations among words and are knowledgeable about different uses of print. They interpret stories, predict what comes next in text, read independently, and Meaning
Paraphrase and retell stories they have read. Children who have difficulty on this subtest often do not understand what they have read, lose their place when reading, and struggle to relate ideas. They cannot accurately answer questions about what they have read. Meaning, cont…
Print Awareness Relational vocabulary Words as labels Relating sentences to pictures Story topics Text prediction Text genre Cloze Silent reading Paraphrasing & story retelling Sentence combining Determining syntax and semantics Meaning Subtest & Item Content