Theories of Management. EDUC 4128. Management Theories. Classroom Management as Reaction to Discipline Problems. Skinner’s Behavioural Management Theory. Skinner – Behavioural Management. Definition: The practice of providing consequences for both positive and negative behaviour.
Definition: The practice of providing consequences for both positive and negative behaviour.
The teacher develops a process of systematically applying rewards (reinforcements) and consequences for behaviour.
This model of classroom management is also known as:
“Positive Classroom Discipline”
The teacher systematically strengthens desired behaviour while weakening inappropriate behaviour by using proximity control, negative reinforcement, incentives, body language and peer pressure.
Teacher Effectiveness Training (T.E.T.)
Based on philosophy of Carl Rogers, I.e., children are inherently rational and, if directed and forced by teachers, will be stifled
Assumptions: student is intrinsically motivated to be good, should be supported by an accepting relationship and is capable of solving own problems
Teachers are taught to observe the behaviour, identify who owns the problem, demonstrate understanding, confront if necessary and use win-win problem-solving
Curriculum design involves structured activities, student ownership, communication and analysis of learning
Definition: The teacher’s response style sets the tone of the classroom as well as impacting on the student’s self-esteem and success.
The Canters identified three basic response styles used by teachers when interacting with students
These teachers fail to make their needs or wants known. They appear indecisive which confuses students. They threaten but students know there will be no follow through.
These teachers clearly and firmly express their needs. They have positive expectations of students. They say what they mean, and mean what they say. They are consistent and fair.
Definition: The teacher considers the motivation and goals of the student behaviour in the development of a management plan.
Based on Alfred Alder’s concept that all behaviour had a purpose or goal, Dreikurs identified 4 student goals of misbehaviour: