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Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier. This is the fourth of nine revision topics. America and the Cold War America in the 1950s: Affluent Society Black Americans in the 1950s Kennedy and the New Frontier Civil Rights to Black Power Defeat in Vietnam Cold War to Détente

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slide1

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

This is the fourth of nine revision topics.

America and the Cold War

America in the 1950s: Affluent Society

Black Americans in the 1950s

Kennedy and the New Frontier

Civil Rights to Black Power

Defeat in Vietnam

Cold War to Détente

Nixon and Watergate

How to use this Revision Presentation.

The Presentation is divided into five sections.

Spend about 10 minutes revising each section.

Write Revision Notes, label them clearly and keep them all in one place.

Return to this Presentation often to help embed your learning.

Broadwater School History Department

slide2

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

There are five sections to this topic.

Problems facing Kennedy

The “New Frontier”

The Berlin Wall

Cuban Missiles Crisis

Judging JFK

Spend about 10 minutes revising each section.

Write Revision Notes, title them clearly and keep them all in one place.

Broadwater School History Department

slide3

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Write out the five sections of the topic.

When you have finished, move on to the next page.

Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide4

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Check you learning.

Problems facing Kennedy

The “New Frontier”

The Berlin Wall

Cuban Missiles Crisis

Judging JFK

Move on to the next section on the problems facing Kennedy in 1960.

Broadwater School History Department

slide5

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Copy these Revision Notes

Problems facing Kennedy in 1960

Racial inequality and civil rights

Women’s rights and youngpeople

Poverty

Communism

When you have finished, move on to the next page.

Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide6

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Write out the notes from memory

Problems facing Kennedy in 1960

Racial inequality and civil rights

Women’s rights and youngpeople

Poverty

Communism

When you have finished, move on to the next page.

Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide7

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Check your learning

Problems facing Kennedy in 1960

Racial inequality and civil rights

Women’s rights and youngpeople

Poverty

Communism

When you have finished, move on to the next page.

Broadwater School History Department

slide8

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Copy these Revision Notes

The “New Frontier”

JFK(John Fitzgerald Kennedy) was a DemocratPresident.

JFK had great personal charm andcharisma.

He promised Americans“New Frontier” reforms.

The New Frontier was to deal with poverty, civil rights and the communist threat.

Racial inequalityandcivil rights

– JFK wasunable to do muchdue to opposition from Senate and Congress.

Women’s Rights and young people

– JFK waspopularwith these groups, but hedid littleto help them.

Poverty

– JFKincreased the minimum wageand social security benefitsto help the poor.

Failed to introducefree medicalcareorbetter housingfor the poor.

JFK’sdeath helpedhis successor, Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ) to implement his plans for social reform, known as the“Great Society”.

.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide9

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Write out the Revision Notes from memory

The “New Frontier”

JFK(John Fitzgerald Kennedy) was a Democrat President.

JFK had great personal charm andcharisma.

He promised Americans“New Frontier” reforms.

The New Frontier was to deal with poverty, civil rights and the communist threat.

Racial inequalityandcivil rights

– JFK wasunable to do muchdue to opposition from Senate and Congress.

Women’s Rights and young people

– JFK waspopularwith these groups, but hedid littleto help them.

Poverty –

JFKincreased the minimum wageand social security benefitsto help the poor.

Failed to introducefree medicalcareorbetter housingfor the poor.

JFK’sdeath helpedhis successor, Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ) to implement his plans for social reform, known as the“Great Society”.

.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide10

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Read the full Revision Notes The “New Frontier”

JFK (John Fitzgerald Kennedy) was a Democrat President.

JFK had great personal charm and charisma.

He promised Americans “New Frontier” reforms.

The New Frontier was to deal with poverty, civil rights and the communist threat.

Racial inequality and civil rights

– JFK was unable to do much due to opposition from Senate and Congress.

Women’s Rights and young people

– JFK was popular with these groups, but he did little to help them.

Poverty

– JFK increased the minimum wageand social security benefits to help the poor.

Failed to introduce free medicalcare or better housing for the poor.

JFK’s death helped his successor, Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ) to implement his plans for social reform, known as the “Great Society”.

.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide11

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Check your learning by writing out Revision Notes from memory

The “New Frontier”

JFK(John Fitzgerald Kennedy) was a Democrat President.

JFK had great personal charm andcharisma.

He promised Americans“New Frontier” reforms.

The New Frontier was to deal with poverty, civil rights and the communist threat.

Racial inequalityandcivil rights

– JFK wasunable to do muchdue to opposition from Senate and Congress.

Women’s Rights and young people

– JFK waspopularwith these groups, but hedid littleto help them.

Poverty –

JFKincreased the minimum wageand social security benefitsto help the poor.

Failed to introducefree medicalcareorbetter housingfor the poor.

JFK’sdeath helpedhis successor, Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ) to implement his plans for social reform, known as the“Great Society”.

.

When you have finished, move on to the next page on Berlin. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide12

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Copy these Revision Notes

The Berlin Wall

In 1945Berlinhad beendivided.

TheSoviets wantedto control ofWest Berlinas its prosperity was anembarrassment.

The Soviets claimed that West Berlin was used tospy onthe communisteast.

Thousands of skilled East Germans used West Berlin toescape to WestGermany.

Vienna SummitKhrushchevsaid that the whole of Berlin should be communist.

JFK mobilisesextra troops and says that the freedom of all of Europe is at stake.

In 1961Khrushchev orders the building of theBerlin Wall, which ringed West Berlin.

Divided the city, East and West Berliners could not visit the other part of the city.

Escapeesfrom the east wereshotby border guards.

June 1963JFK visits Berlinto reinforce US determination not to back down.

1989 the opening of the Wall marked the end of the Cold War.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide13

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Write out the Revision Notes from memory

The Berlin Wall

In 1945Berlinhad beendivided.

TheSoviets wantedto control ofWest Berlinas its prosperity was anembarrassment.

The Soviets claimed that West Berlin was used tospy onthe communisteast.

Thousands of skilled East Germans used West Berlin toescape to WestGermany.

Vienna SummitKhrushchevsaid that the whole of Berlin should be communist.

JFK mobilisesextra troops and says that the freedom of all of Europe is at stake.

In 1961Khrushchev orders the building of theBerlin Wall, which ringed West Berlin.

Divided the city, East and West Berliners could not visit the other part of the city.

Escapeesfrom the east wereshot by border guards.

June 1963JFK visits Berlinto reinforce US determination not to back down.

1989 the opening of the Wall marked the end of the Cold War.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide14

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Read the full Revision Notes

The Berlin Wall

In 1945 Berlin had been divided.

The Soviets wanted to control of West Berlin as its prosperity was an embarrassment.

The Soviets claimed that West Berlin was used to spy on the communist east.

Thousands of skilled East Germans used West Berlin to escape to West Germany.

Vienna SummitKhrushchev said that the whole of Berlin should be communist.

JFK mobilises extra troops and says that the freedom of all of Europe is at stake.

In 1961 Khrushchev orders the building of the Berlin Wall, which ringed West Berlin.

Divided the city, East and West Berliners could not visit the other part of the city.

Escapees from the east were shot by border guards.

June 1963 JFK visits Berlin to reinforce US determination not to back down.

1989 the opening of the Wall marked the end of the Cold War.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide15

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Write out the Revision Notes again, from memory

The Berlin Wall

In 1945Berlinhad beendivided.

TheSoviets wantedto control ofWest Berlinas its prosperity was anembarrassment.

The Soviets claimed that West Berlin was used tospy onthe communisteast.

Thousands of skilled East Germans used West Berlin toescape to WestGermany.

Vienna SummitKhrushchevsaid that the whole of Berlin should be communist.

JFK mobilisesextra troops and says that the freedom of all of Europe is at stake.

In 1961Khrushchev orders the building of theBerlin Wall, which ringed West Berlin.

Divided the city, East and West Berliners could not visit the other part of the city.

Escapeesfrom the east wereshot by border guards.

June 1963JFK visits Berlinto reinforce US determination not to back down.

1989 the opening of the Wall marked the end of the Cold War.

When you have finished, move on to the next page on Cuba. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide16

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Copy these Revision Notes

Cuban Missiles Crisis

Causes

BothKennedy and Khrushchevhadfailedover theBerlin Wall. JFK had allowed theBay of Pigs

The Crisis

1957 FidelCastroseized power. Henationalisedall the US owned businesses. The US stopped trading with Cuba.

In 1961 JFK authorised a CIA led invasion by Cuban exiles (Bay of Pigs). It failed.

There wereCIA plots toassassinate Castro. Castro asked the USSR for help.

Khrushchevgave financial andmilitary aidto Cuba. The missile bases were “defensive”.

In 1962 theUSAdiscoveredthe USSR had set upnuclear missilesbases on Cuba.

Mostof theUSAwaswithintherangeof the missiles. JFK under huge pressure to remove them.

JFK placed an “exclusion zone” , or naval blocked of Cuba.

Khrushchev backs down, in return for a US promise not to invade Cuba.

USAagrees to removeMRBMsfrom its bases inTurkey.

Results

People all over the World realised how close they had come to total destruction.

The USA and USSR set up aHot Linetelephone link between Moscow and Washington.

The USA and USSR agreed to try to stop the spread of nuclear weapons.

The USA and USSR signed aPartial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

JFKswitched his focus to containing communism inVietnam.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide17

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Write out the Revision Notes from memory

Cuban Missiles Crisis

Causes

BothKennedy and Khrushchev hadfailedover theBerlin Wall. JFK had allowed theBay of Pigs

The Crisis

1957 FidelCastroseized power. Henationalised all the US owned businesses. The US stopped trading with Cuba.

In 1961 JFK authorised a CIA led invasion by Cuban exiles (Bay of Pigs). It failed.

There wereCIA plotsto assassinate Castro. Castro asked the USSR for help.

Khrushchevgave financial andmilitary aidto Cuba. The missile bases were “defensive”.

In 1962 theUSAdiscoveredthe USSR had set upnuclear missilesbases on Cuba.

Mostof theUSA waswithintherangeof the missiles. JFK under huge pressure to remove them.

JFK placed an “exclusion zone” , or naval blocked of Cuba.

Khrushchev backs down,in return for a US promise not to invade Cuba.

USAagrees to removeMRBMsfrom its bases inTurkey.

Results

People all over the World realised how close they had come to total destruction.

The USA and USSR set up aHot Linetelephone link between Moscow and Washington.

The USA and USSR agreed to try to stop the spread of nuclear weapons.

The USA and USSR signed aPartial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

JFKswitched his focus to containing communism inVietnam.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide18

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Read the full Revision Notes

Cuban Missiles Crisis

Causes

Both Kennedy and Khrushchev had failed over the Berlin Wall. JFK had allowed the Bay of Pigs

The Crisis

1957 Fidel Castro seized power. He nationalised all the US owned businesses. The US stopped trading with Cuba.

In 1961 JFK authorised a CIA led invasion by Cuban exiles (Bay of Pigs). It failed.

There were CIA plots to assassinate Castro. Castro asked the USSR for help.

Khrushchev gave financial and military aid to Cuba. The missile bases were “defensive”.

In 1962 the USAdiscovered the USSR had set up nuclear missiles bases on Cuba.

Most of the USA was within the range of the missiles. JFK under huge pressure to remove them.

JFK placed an “exclusion zone” , or naval blocked of Cuba.

Khrushchev backs down, in return for a US promise not to invade Cuba.

USA agrees to remove MRBMs from its bases in Turkey.

Results

People all over the World realised how close they had come to total destruction.

The USA and USSR set up a Hot Line telephone link between Moscow and Washington.

The USA and USSR agreed to try to stop the spread of nuclear weapons.

The USA and USSR signed a Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

JFK switched his focus to containing communism in Vietnam.

When you have finished, move on to the next page. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide19

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Write out the Revision Notes again, from memory

Cuban Missiles Crisis

Causes

BothKennedy and Khrushchev hadfailedover theBerlin Wall. JFK had allowed theBay of Pigs

The Crisis

1957 FidelCastroseized power. Henationalised all the US owned businesses. The US stopped trading with Cuba.

In 1961 JFK authorised a CIA led invasion by Cuban exiles (Bay of Pigs). It failed.

There wereCIA plotsto assassinate Castro. Castro asked the USSR for help.

Khrushchevgave financial andmilitary aidto Cuba. The missile bases were “defensive”.

In 1962 theUSAdiscoveredthe USSR had set upnuclear missilesbases on Cuba.

Mostof theUSA waswithintherangeof the missiles. JFK under huge pressure to remove them.

JFK placed an “exclusion zone” , or naval blocked of Cuba.

Khrushchev backs down,in return for a US promise not to invade Cuba.

USAagrees to removeMRBMsfrom its bases inTurkey.

Results

People all over the World realised how close they had come to total destruction.

The USA and USSR set up aHot Linetelephone link between Moscow and Washington.

The USA and USSR agreed to try to stop the spread of nuclear weapons.

The USA and USSR signed aPartial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

JFKswitched his focus to containing communism inVietnam.

When you have finished, move on to the next page, Judging JFK. Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide20

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Write out the notes from memory

Judging JFK

Racial inequality andcivilrights – JFK wasunable to do muchdue tooppositionfromSenateand Congress.

Women’sRights andyoungpeople –

JFK waspopularwiththese groups, but hedid littleto help them.

Poverty–JFKincreasedtheminimum wageandexpanded social security benefitsto help the poor.Failedto introducefree medical careandbetter housingfor the poor.

Communism – JFK promised to betoughon communism and he was.

Heincreasedthedefence budget, was decisive over theBerlin WallandCuban Missiles.

He committed the USA to thespace raceand to putting US astronauts on theMoon.

1963Test Ban Treatywith the USSR – stopped atmospheric and underwater tests.

When you have finished, move on to the next page.

Pause Now!

Broadwater School History Department

slide21

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Read the full Revision Notes

Judging JFK

Racial inequality and civil rights – JFK was unable to do much due to opposition from Senate and Congress.

Women’s Rights and young people –

JFK was popularwith these groups, but he did little to help them.

Poverty– JFK increased the minimum wage and expanded social security benefits to help the poor. Failed to introduce free medical care and better housing for the poor.

Communism – JFK promised to be tough on communism and he was.

He increased the defence budget, was decisive over the Berlin Wall and Cuban Missiles.

He committed the USA to the space race and to putting US astronauts on the Moon.

1963 Test Ban Treaty with the USSR – stopped atmospheric and underwater tests.

When you have finished, move on to the next page.

Broadwater School History Department

slide22

Revise for GCSE Humanities: Kennedy and the New Frontier

Write out the notes from memory

Judging JFK

Racial inequality andcivilrights – JFK wasunable to do muchdue tooppositionfromSenateand Congress.

Women’sRights andyoungpeople –

JFK waspopularwiththese groups, but hedid littleto help them.

Poverty–JFKincreasedtheminimum wageandexpanded social security benefitsto help the poor.Failedto introducefree medical careandbetter housingfor the poor.

Communism – JFK promised to betoughon communism and he was.

Heincreasedthedefence budget, was decisive over theBerlin WallandCuban Missiles.

He committed the USA to thespace raceand to putting US astronauts on theMoon.

1963Test Ban Treatywith the USSR – stopped atmospheric and underwater tests.

Pause Now!

You have finished this unit. Keep your notes safe and come back soon.

Broadwater School History Department