Africa. Ancient Egypt. 3000 B.C.
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The Nile is the world’s longest river (4160 miles) and provides the people of Egypt with predictable yearly floods to bring them water (Egypt receives almost no rainfall). Egypt’s geography also protected the people from foreign invasion with deserts & cataracts.Egypt & Geography
Compare/contrast the geography of Egypt with Sumer.
The Egyptian form of government was a theocracy. Therefore, the king not only had absolute power, but performed many ritual acts as well.Egyptian Government
Locate Upper and Lower Egypt on your map.
But as the language became more complex more pictures were needed. Eventually the language consisted of more then 750 individual signs.Egyptian Writing
How were experts able to decipher hieroglyphics?
The middle class was made up of artisans, scribes, merchants and tax collectors.
The majority of Egyptians belonged to the poor class. Many were farmers & paid rent to the king for the use of the land (a large percentage). Farmers also worked on building projects for the king.Egyptian Social Classes
Draw a graphic of the Egyptian social classes.
Ra (the principal sun god)
Who was Akenaton?
Refer to the handout on the pyramids.
Interaction with Egypt
Under Egyptian rule (c. 1500 BC – 1000 BC)
Cultural diffusion: Egyptian gods found on Nubian gold
King Piankhi – 724 BC invaded & conquered Egypt
Pushed out of Egypt by Assyrians in 671 BC (bronze v. iron weapons)
New capital at Meroë – successful trading center (gold, ivory, animal skins, perfume, slaves & timber)
Nubian culture: polytheistic, artistic & an undeciphered alphabet
Invaded by King Ezana of Axum AD 350Nubia / Kush (3000 BC – AD 350)
How did the Book of the Dead reflect Egyptian values?
Choose an African Kingdom & show how it’s art/architecture reflected the values of the kingdom.
How did the movement of goods & people affect the different areas of Africa (Northeast & sub-Saharan)?Critical Thinking Questions