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People went west looking for farmland and gold.

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People went west looking for farmland and gold. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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People went west looking for farmland and gold. They passed through the Great Plains & over the Rocky Mountains. Pike’s Peak or Bust. Men went to the Rockies to dig for gold. “ Gold Rush ” – people went in search of making it Rich !

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

People went west looking for farmland and gold.

They passed through the Great Plains & over the Rocky Mountains.

pike s peak or bust
Pike’s Peak or Bust
  • Men went to the Rockies to dig for gold.
  • “Gold Rush” – people went in search of making it Rich!
  • Comstock Lode – one of the richest silver & gold strikes ever
miner tools
Miner tools

Pan

Picks

Shovels

Sifter

Spoons

Knife

Lamps

rope

Explosives

wheelbarrow

mining camp to boom town
Mining Camp to Boom Town
  • As soon as gold or silver was found people hurried to the site.
  • Miners and shop keepers often lived in tents
  • Sometimes women set up cook tents and sold meals
  • Whole cities grew up near sites
  • If the strike was rich – wood buildings would replace tents
  • Boom town – a town that grows quickly around a gold/silver strike
helps settle the west
Helps Settle the West
  • Discovery of gold and silver help settle the west
  • Populations grew and asked for statehood.
  • Colorado, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho
mining companies
Mining Companies
  • Groups of wealthy men formed companies and bought out miners claims.
  • Miners made very little money
  • Mine owners made millions
  • Those that opened stores made money too.
cattle herding
Cattle Herding
  • Open range – no fences on the Plains
  • Cattle roamed across the Southern Plains
  • Texans hired cowhands to round up herds
slide9

Cowhands moved herds to railheads

  • Railheads – stations were ranchers sold cattle to buyers
  • Cattle then shipped in cars to meatpacking plants
slide10

2-3 months to move cattle on cattle drives

  • Cattle drives – the moving of the cattle
  • Long, dusty, dangerous
  • 12+ cowhands on horseback moved 2,000 or more restless cattle.
cowboy clothes
Cowboy Clothes

Clothes had a purpose!

bandanna

Wide brim hat

spurs

Chaps

lasso

saddle

boots

Branding iron

the end of the open range
The End of the Open Range
  • Ranchers also sold to mining camps, US Army, and other ranchers
  • Too many cattle for sale = price dropped
  • Farmers moved onto the plains and put up fences
  • The days of the open range and long cattle drives were over.
homework
Homework
  • Create a brand that you could use, if you were a cowboy or cowgirl to mark your cattle. Here are some examples.
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