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THE 27 MOST COMMON MISTAKES IN ADVERTISING AND HOW TO AVOID THEM. Adapted from Alec Benn. Mistake # 1. Putting in charge of advertising a person whose responsibilities do not coincide with the purpose of the advertising.
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Adapted from Alec Benn
To avoid it: Define accurately the purpose of the advertising before selecting the person to be responsible, and/or have the chief executive officer retain responsibility for the advertising, assisted by advertising manager with no other responsibilities.
To avoid it: Ask prospective agencies about their experience with companies whose products and services are marketed the same way as yours.
To avoid it: Look at case histories of successful advertising, note what was accomplished with how many dollars – and then be skeptical. Since companies and agencies tend to publish their most successful case histories, it’s wise to assume that the results for dollars expended represent the upper limit.
To avoid it: Remember that one measure of an executive’s capability is the quality or amount of work he can get out of subordinates and suppliers. And that there is no substitute for the agency’s objectivity. Two quotations may help: “An attorney who conducts his own defense has a fool for a client.” And:
“Oh wad some power the giftie gie us
To see oursels as others see us!
It wad frae monie a blunder free us,
An’ foolish notion.”
To avoid it: Compare audiences sizes and responsiveness as well as cost.
To avoid it: Remember that only a fraction of the readers, viewers, or listeners can recall seeing a specific advertisement or commercial by the next day. And that their memories become rapidly dimmer in the days that follow.
To avoid it: While a large advertisement can create an impression impossible for a small one, remember that attention is gained at a diminishing rate once an advertisement does more than dominate the page.
To avoid it: Remember that the returns from a direct response advertisement are limited by what is being offered, and that there is no substitute for repeated impressions for memorability.
To avoid it: Remember that imitative advertising is seldom, if ever, effective. Instead of borrowing from others, be sure your advertising observes the six conditions: Purpose, Attitude of the Audience, Medium, Nature of the Audience, What Is Being Advertised, and Competition.
To avoid it: Ask the following questions: “Will the beginning attract the attention of the target audience? Is it the kind of beginning that is most effective for what the audience is to do or feel? Will it arouse the most effective type of emotion toward the product, service, or company?”
The agency can avoid this one by educating account executives in the hazards of production. The advertiser can avoid this by asking when in doubt for final engraver’s proofs on the same kind of stock as is used by the publication. Also by showing the final proof to an outspoken executive in the company who has not seen the layouts or the earlier proofs.
To avoid it: Ask the question, “Is it easy to read?”
To avoid it: Remember that in direct response advertising, the company name is generally unimportant; in corporate advertising, it is most important.
To avoid it: Remember that what interests people most is themselves.
Try to remember when you ever enjoyed being laughed at.
To avoid it: Remember that it is difficult to find a provenly-successful advertisement, or even one that has won as award, with a pun in the headline.
To avoid it: Picture a salesman in a Las Vegas nightclub trying to explain the virtues of a new type of steel to a prospect while naked girls are parading a few feet away.
To avoid it: Remember that the key emotions are hope, admiration, and fear.
To avoid it: Check the copy and art against the six determinates: Purpose, Attitude of the Audience, Medium, Nature of the Audience, What Is Being Advertised, and Competition.
To avoid it: If the same message is to appear in different media, be sure the advertisements and commercials are written by copywriters who are skilled in the appropriate medium.
To avoid it: The advertising agency should carefully study the product, service, or company. The agency has the advantage of objectivity.
To avoid it: Develop a distinctive competitive benefit, establish a distinctive image, or develop a strong position strategy.
An agency may avoid this mistake by adhering to appropriate policies; an advertiser avoids it simply by establishing an objective measure of the advertising’s effectiveness. Personal pride or firm ethical attitudes may make it easy for some individuals to avid it. Others may be guided by what is likely to prove most efficacious over the long term – or even by what may be best for their own physical and mental health.
To avoid it: Remember that the Starch organization itself states that its scores on a single advertisement are not reliable. And remember that Starch scores don’t measure persuasiveness.
To avoid it: Settle on a method by which the advertising is to be measured before any appears.
To avoid it: remember that direct mail is not necessarily cheap, particularly if a booklet is enclosed. It it cost $10,000 to mail to 10,000 names and 1 percent response results, the cost per response is $100. Experts can cut costs and increase responses.
To avoid it: Discover what it takes for advertising to succeed.