Citizen Kane (1941) Directed by Orson Welles. The following presentation wa s created from information found at: http ://www.filmsite.org/citi.html.
Toland's camera work on Karl Freund's expressionistic horror film Mad Love (1935) exerted a profound influence on this film. The film, budgeted at $800,000, received unanimous critical praise even at the time of its release, although it was not a commercial success.
The film engendered controversy (and efforts at suppression in early 1941 and efforts at suppression in early 1941 through intimidation, blackmail, newspaper smears, discrediting and FBI investigations) before it premiered in New York City on May 1, 1941, because it appeared to fictionalize and caricaturize certain events and individuals in the life of William Randolph Hearst - a powerful newspaper magnate and publisher. The film was accused of drawing remarkable, unflattering, and uncomplimentary parallels.
Welles' film was the recipient of nine Oscar nominations with only one win - Best Original Screenplay. The other eight nominations included Best Picture (Orson Welles, producer), Best Actor and Best Director (Welles), Best B/W Cinematography (Toland), Best Art Direction, Best Sound Recording, Best Dramatic Picture Score (Bernard Herrmann with his first brilliant musical score), and Best Film Editing. With his four Academy Awards nominations, Welles became the first individual to receive simultaneous nominations in those four categories.
William Randolph Hearst
San Francisco Examiner, New York Journal
Same kind of press lord, "yellow journalist," and influential political figure
Political aspirant to Presidency by becoming New York State's Governor
"The Ranch" palace at San Simeon, California, also with priceless art collection
A beloved mistress - a young, and successful silent film actress Marion Davies(Difference: No breakdown in Davies' unmarried relationship with Hearst)
Similarities between mistress/wife GannaWalska of Chicago heir Harold Fowler McCormick who bought expensive voice lessons for her and promoted her for the lead role in the production of Zaza at the Chicago Opera in 1920
Similarities with financier J.P. Morgan
Similarities with Tammany Hall (NYC) Boss Charles F. Murphy
More importantly, the innovative, bold film is an acknowledged milestone in the development of cinematic technique, although it 'shared' some of its techniques from Hitchcock's Rebecca (1940) and other earlier films. It uses film as an art form to energetically communicate and display a non-static view of life. Its components brought together the following aspects:
the sound technique termed "lightning-mix" in which a complex montage sequence is linked by related sounds
The film showcased a technique called "universal focus." To get the image of Kane and the poster picture during the speech sequence, short lenses were used. At the same time, the key light (the main lights) were gradually increased to get both images sharp and clear.
In 2007, the American Film Institute once again ranked this as the #1 Greatest Movie of All Time. This film was previously the #1-ranked entry on the AFI's previous list of 1998.
The original nitrate negatives are gone; they were lost in a fire during the 1970s.
When everyone goes on a picnic in tents in the Florida Everglades, the background is a rear projection of an RKO prehistoric monster movie, possibly The Son of Kong (1933).