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Five Themes of Geography. M . R . HE .L. P. ovement. egion. uman. nvironment. ocation. lace. Interaction. Movement. How did people, products, and ideas get from one place to another? Why do they make these movements?. MOVEMENT. Movement of people, goods, and ideas

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five themes of geography

Five Themes of Geography

M.R. HE.L.P.

ovement

egion

uman

nvironment

ocation

lace

Interaction

movement
Movement
  • How did people, products, and ideas get from one place to another?
  • Why do they make these movements?
movement1
MOVEMENT
  • Movement of people, goods, and ideas
  • In order to get what need/want =TRAVEL

Meet other people, exchange goods, ideas, technology

EX. Northern land bridge used to follow food into N. America, eventually travel to find place for political and religious freedoms

EX: immigrants, movement of goods link US w/globe: imports/exports

regions
Regions
  • How is this place like other places?
  • What features set this place apart from other places?
region
REGION
  • Area of the world that has similar, unifying characteristics. Characteristics may be:
  • Physical -- landforms, climate, or plant/animal life (EX: Great Plains: level land, hot summers, cold winters, little rainfall, buffalo)
  • Human/Cultural – language, way of life (EX: Chinatown in San Francisco, CA because Chinese-Americans have preserved their culture and language in that area of the city from their homeland)
human environment interactions
Human-EnvironmentInteractions
  • How are people’s lives shaped by the place?
  • How has the place been shaped by people?
human environmental interaction how do humans and the environment affect each other
HUMAN/ENVIRONMENTAL INTERACTIONHow do humans and the environment affect each other?
  • We change the environment and then sometime Mother Nature changes it back. 
  • For example, natural disasters like floods, hurricanes and earthquakes and mudslides in California, etc.
  • There are three key concepts to human/environmental interaction. How humans:

Modify the environment. (A/C)A dapt to the environment. (jacket)

D epend on the environment . (food)

KEY WORD: RELATIONSHIP!

human environment interaction continued
POSITIVES & NEGATIVES

One person's advantage may be another person's disadvantage. 

Some like the excitement of large cities, whereas others prefer remoteness.  

Environment is not just trees, spotted owls, and rain forests.  Environment is a feeling. 

What is the environment of a big city such as Houston or New York? A small farm town in Iowa or Nebraska? The sequoia forests in California? The swamps in the Florida Everglades?

HUMAN/ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION (continued)
location
Location
  • Where is the place located?
  • What is it near?
  • What direction is it from another place?
  • Why are certain features or places located where they are?
location where a place is
EXACT LOCATION

The exact location of a place on a map found using latitude and longitude

EX: Houston

Latitude: 29 N

Longitude: 97 W

RELATIVE LOCATION

Describes where in relation to some other place

EX: Houston – 4th largest city in the US located along the Gulf Coast of Texas

LOCATION – where a place is
place
Place
  • What is it like there?
  • What physical and human features does it have?
place physical systems
PLACE/PHYSICAL SYSTEMS
  • How physical systems shape the earth’s surface
  • EX: hurricanes, volcanoes, & glaciers
place physical systems1
PLACE/PHYSICAL SYSTEMS
  • How humans shape the earth’s surface
  • EX: cities, farmland, search for raw materials