How Young People are Faring 2009 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

merle
how young people are faring 2009 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
How Young People are Faring 2009 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
How Young People are Faring 2009

play fullscreen
1 / 32
Download Presentation
How Young People are Faring 2009
114 Views
Download Presentation

How Young People are Faring 2009

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. How Young People are Faring 2009 Dr Lucas Walsh TAFE NSW Institute Director’s Senior Staff Forum

  2. Context • 11th edition of How Young People are Faring • Key question: What has been the impact of the global economic downturn on young Australians?

  3. Earning and learning among teenagers 15 to 19 year-olds

  4. Earning and learning activities of teenagers • 70% in full-time study • more females (72%) than males (67%) • 14% in full-time work • more males (18%) than females (10%)

  5. 16% of teenagers are not in full-time education or full-time work • Marginalisation greater among females (18%) than males (15%) • more females than males in part-time work, not in the labour force • but higher unemployment among males • If not in full-time education, withdrawal from labour force (hidden unemployment) twice as high for females (20%) as males (9%)

  6. Reversal of previous downward trend: percentage of teenagers not fully engaged rose sharply in 2009 Source: ABS Labour Force Survey (2009)

  7. Percentage of teenagers not fully engaged rose sharply in 2009 • Due to downturn in labour market, with no offsetting increase in educational participation • Full-time work declined (to 13.9%) • Unemployment jumped (to 4.8%) • especially for males (5.4%) • Educational participation flattened • Non-school: unchanged (18.2%) • School: slight fall (51.9% to 51.4%) Source: ABS Labour Force Australia (2008)

  8. Apprenticeships as training pathway for teenagers • Percentage of teenagers in training increased over last decade, but stalled in 2008 • 9% of teenagers in training in 2008 • 12% of males, 6% of females • Shift towards part-time training • Full-time training declined as percentage of total commencements (71% in 2004, 64% in 2008)

  9. Engaging in education, training and work • SCHOOL LEAVERS • (aged 15-24)

  10. Transition to the labour market is becoming more difficult for school leavers • More than one third (36%) not fully engaged in first year out of school • Part-time work 17 % • Unemployed 11% • Not in labour force 8%

  11. Percentage of school leavers not fully engaged jumped in 2009 Source: ABS Labour Force Australia (2009)

  12. Year 12 completion increases the likelihood of further study • After leaving school in 2007 • 66% of Year 12 completers went to full-time or part-time study in 2008 • 40% of Year 11 completers did so Source: ABS Education and Work, Australia (2008)

  13. Engaging in education, training and work YOUNG ADULTS (20 to 24 year-olds)

  14. Earning and learning activities of young adults • 45% in full-time work • more males (52%) than females (39%) • 29% in full-time education • more females (33%) than males (26%)

  15. One quarter of 20 to 24 year-olds are not in full-time work or full-time study • 4% increase since 2008, after decade when percent of young adults not fully engaged had been falling • more males unemployed • more females in part-time work, and not in labour force

  16. Gender gap in risk of marginalisation has narrowed for young adults • Females continue to be at greater risk of marginalisation than males (28% vs 22% in 2009) • Gender gap narrowed to smallest margin for 20 years • due to sharper rises for males in part-time work, unemployed

  17. Two long-term trends among young adults: declining full-time employment, rising full-time education Source: ABS Labour Force Australia (2009)

  18. Between 1989 and 2009, among young adults • Full-time employment declined 65% to 45% • Full-time education rose 11% to 29%

  19. Educational attainment Initial qualificationsFurther qualifications

  20. Initial qualifications • 83% of 20 to 24 year-olds had attained Year 12 or equivalent (2008 ABS survey)

  21. Further qualifications • 6 in 10 attain a post-school qualification by age 24 Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing (2006)

  22. Attainment of further qualifications varies according to where young people live No post-school qualifications at age 24 • 55% in least advantaged areas • 30% in wealthiest areas Type of further qualification also varies according to where young people live • 46% of those living in wealthiest areas had a university degree, compared with 14% in poorest areas Source: ABS Census of Population and Housing, 2006

  23. Qualification gap between school completers and early leavers widens in post- school years • Who gains further qualifications by age 23? • School completers 65% • Early leavers (lack initial qualification) 57% Source: LSAY 1998 cohort

  24. Moving from education to work

  25. Youth labour market Young people not in education have faced more difficult transition to labour market in the last year • Full-time employment declined (by 10% for teenagers, 5% for young adults) • Unemployment increased (by 6% for teenagers, 2% for young adults) • Part-time employment grew (by 3% for each age group)

  26. Employment and unemployment status of young adults not in full-time education, 1989-2009 National figures mask state differences Source: ABS Labour Force Australia (2009)

  27. Post-school pathways • Longitudinal data show that further education and training helps young people in making the transition to full-time work

  28. Labour force activity in 6th post-school year influenced by qualification gained by 5th year Source: LSAY 1998 cohort

  29. Satisfaction with aspects of life, young adults • Young adults in full-time work much more likely to be very happy about • career prospects • standard of living • future • life as a whole compared with part-time workers, unemployed, or not in the labour force

  30. Satisfaction with aspects of life, 24 year-olds Source: LSAY 1998 cohort

  31. Conclusions • 16% of teenagers and 25% of young adults are not engaged in full-time earning or learning in 2009 • Sharp rises since 2008 in percentages not fully engaged due to lower full-time employment and higher unemployment • Early school leavers are at greater and ongoing risk of labour force marginalisation • Global factors • Making the Journey Awesome... The common good • Individual, school and policy level change • Smooth transitions more often involve education and training • Wellbeing of young people is linked to their study and work situation

  32. Full report: www.fya.org.au 2 October 2009