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Tree Nursery Production and Tree Planting in the United States BWG/FIA User Group Meeting 21 May 2013. George A. Hernandez, Ph.D. Richard A. Harper, CF, RF USDA Forest Service State and Private Forestry Southern Research Station Forest Inventory and Analysis.

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slide1

Tree Nursery Production and Tree Planting

in the United States

BWG/FIA User Group Meeting

21 May 2013

George A. Hernandez, Ph.D.

Richard A. Harper, CF, RF

USDA Forest Service

State and Private Forestry

Southern Research Station

Forest Inventory and Analysis

slide2

A Brief History of Tree Planting in the South

70% of Tree Planting on Non-Industrial Private Forest Land

Involves some form of cost share

Agricultural Conservation Program 1936 to 1996 – 2.9million acres

ACP became EQIP in 1996.

Soil Bank Program 1956 to 1960 – 1.9 million acres

Over 90% remained in trees many have been harvested and replanted.

Forestry Incentives Program1974 to 2002 – 2.9 million acres

Stewardship Incentive Program 1990 to 2002 – 250,000 acres

Conservation Reserve Program 1985 to Present – 2.2 million acres

Wetlands Reserve Program 1990 to Present – 1.2 million acres

slide3

503 acres 1st gen

Total Tree Planting in the South: 1925 – 2012

CRP

CRP 2

Soil

Bank

Acres Planted

CCC

slide5

Conservation Reserve Program – Hardwood Planting

NRCS Hardwood Planting Practices: 3A Hardwood

22 Riparian Buffers

23 Wetland Restoration

31 Bottomland Hardwood

slide7

Plantations in the South

  • 46. 3 Million Acres including industry (NOT State or Fed)
  • 42.8 Million Acres Pine
  • 3.5 Million Acres Hardwood
  • 30 Million Acres is Corporate (1985 Region 8 RPA summary )
  • 16 Million Acres is Non-Corporate (1985 Region 8 RPA summary )
  • 14 Million acres (approximately) from all conservation programs
  • 30% of all Plantations
  • 87% of all Non-Corporate Plantations !
slide8

State Nurseries and

Total Tree Planting in the South: 1925 – 2013

503 acres 1st gen

CRP

25

State Nurseries

42

State Nurseries

46

State Nurseries

CRP 2

16

State Nurseries

Soil

Bank

Acres Planted

17

State Nurseries

CCC

slide9

Southern State Forest Nurseries 1920 - 2012

Florida

Prison Farm Nursery

Munson Nursery

Harry Baker Nursery

M D Andrews Nursery

Herren Nursery

Alabama

John R. Miller Nursery

Jake Stauffer Nursery

Edward A. Hauss Nursery

Georgia

Herty Nursery

Davisboro Nursery

Flowery Branch

Hightower Nursery

Horseshoe Bend

Page-Walker Nursery

Morgan Nursery

Flint River Nursery

Kentucky

Pennyrile Nursery

Louisville Nursery

John P. Rhody Nursery

Morgan County Nursery

Arkansas

Bluff City Nursery

Bacum Nursery

Louisiana

Alexander State Forest Nursery

Oberlin Nursery

Northwest Nursery

Monroe Nursery

Columbia Nursery

Beauregard Nursery

Mississippi

Mt. Olive Nursery

Winona Nursery

Waynesboro Nursery

North Carolina

Griffith Nursery

J.S. Holmes Nursery

Goldsboro Nursery

Ralph Edwards Nursery

Linville River Nursery

Oklahoma

Stillwater Nursery

Forest Regeneration Center

Broken Bow Nursery

Virginia

Charlottesville

Peary

New Kent Forestry Center

Augusta Forestry Center

Garland Gray Forestry Center

Texas

Conroe Nursery

Kirbyville Nursery

Indian Mound

Magnolia Springs

West Texas Nursery

South Carolina

Camden Nursery

Georgetown Nursery

Sumpter Nursery

Tilghman Nursery

Old Piedmont Nursery

Coastal Nursery

Taylor Nursery

New Piedmont Nursery

Rock Hill Nursery

Tennessee

Pinson Nursery

East Tennessee Nursery

Red indicates still in operation.

(16 state forest nurseries are currently operating in the South)

slide10

Conifer Seedling Production

=> 22,839,600

1925 Seedling Production

16,100 State

9,611,700 Private

11,831,400 Industry

1,380,400 Federal

2012 Seedling Production

123,794,000 State

453,329,000 Private

357,622,000 Industry

0 Federal

934,745,000 <=

slide11

Hardwood Seedling Production

1965 Hardwood Seedling Production 2012 Hardwood Seedling Production

State Nurseries 7,622,300 State Nurseries 15,154,000

Industry Nurseries 1,684,000 Industry Nurseries 22,430,000

Total 9,306,300Total 37,584,000

slide13

Tree Planting in the Southeast 1925 – 2012

Acres Planted 1925 - 2012

93,863,853acres

1square mile =

0.0015625acres

93,863,853

X 0.0015625

146,662

146,662sq. miles

93,863,853 acres

Were Planted Between 1925 and 2012

slide14

Tree Planting in the Southeast 1925 – 2012

Acres Planted 1925 - 2012

SC 32,020 + GA 59,425 + AL 52419 = 143,864

146,662 square miles

slide15

Tree Planting in the United States

  • This annual report was begun in 1952 by the Washington Office National Nursery Specialist.
  • The National Nursery Specialist position was eliminated during downsizing in the early 1990’s.
  • Bob Moulton an analyst in the Washington Office took over the Tree Planting Report.
  • In 1999 Bob Moulton retired and George Hernandez assumed the responsibly for producing the report.
  • In 2000 the Washington Office made the decision to discontinue producing the Tree Planting Report.
  • In 2002 the Auburn University Forest Nursery Management Cooperative issued their first Tree Planting in the South report.
  • In 2010 Forest Inventory and Analysis offered to provide funding to State & Private Forestry to produce a Tree Planting Report.
slide16

Hernandez assumed the responsibly for producing the Tree Planting in the United States report in 1999 in time to oversee it’s demise.

Sadly, this was not the first instance of an asset being considered outdated.

slide17

Georgia Forestry Commission Reforestation Report

  • The Southern Group of State Foresters agreed to collaboratively produce a report of the annual regeneration occurring across the South.
  • The Georgia Forestry Commission volunteered to collate the data and produce the report.
  • State forestry agencies compliance with the call for data was an issue from the beginning of this project and data quality was often challenged by state partners.
  • Participation by state partners was sporadic and eventually only a few state continued to provide the Georgia Forestry Commission with their data.
slide18

Auburn Seedling Production Survey Protocol

  • The Auburn University Southern Forest Nursery Management Cooperative began a region-wide annual survey of Seedling Production.
  • Two page questionnaire sent in June to all available nursery addresses (220+/-) in 12 southern states.
  • Follow up telephone calls made to maximize participation and update addresses.
  • Data from 50-60 nurseries annually.
  • Compiled by State, Ownership, Species & Stock Type.
slide19

FIA/S&PF Seedling Production Survey Protocol

  • In 2010, the FIA/Southern Region S&PF began a nation-wide annual survey of Seedling Production.
  • Purdue University gathers data from 20 states in the Northeast
  • University of Idaho gathers data from 17 states in the West
  • Auburn University gathers data from 13 states in the South
  • A questionnaire was sent in June 2011 to all nurseries listed in the USDA Forest Service Directory of Forest & Conservation Nurseries (220+/-) in all 50 states.
  • Follow up emails, and telephone calls were made to non-responders to maximize participation and update addresses.
  • The data collected and compiled by State, and includes Ownership, Species Grown and Stock Type (bareroot or container).
slide26

C

Questions?

Discussion…