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Education in Palliative and End-of-life Care - Oncology PowerPoint Presentation
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Education in Palliative and End-of-life Care - Oncology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Education in Palliative and End-of-life Care - Oncology
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  1. The EPEC-O TM Education in Palliative and End-of-life Care - Oncology Project The EPEC-O Curriculum is produced by the EPECTM Project with major funding provided by NCI, with supplemental funding provided by the Lance Armstrong Foundation.

  2. EPEC - Oncology Education in Palliative and End-of-life Care - Oncology Module 1 Comprehensive Assessment

  3. Main message • A comprehensive assessment that includes the issues that cause patients suffering guides cancer care

  4. Objectives • Describe conceptions of suffering • Use a framework to guide assessment • Use a validated screening tool, NEST, to facilitate an initial screening assessment • Carry out a detailed assessment of active issues

  5. Video

  6. Why skill at assessmentis important • Patients expect relief of suffering • Key diagnostic tool • Coordinates team of health professionals • Can have therapeutic effects • Develops the physician-patient relationship

  7. The physician’s role • Listen • Acknowledge • Analyze • Offer information, practical suggestions • Introduce sources of support

  8. Conceptions of suffering • Fragmentation of personhood – Cassell • Broken stories – Brody • Challenge to meaning – Byock • Total pain – Saunders

  9. The Nature of Suffering The relief of suffering and the cure of disease must be seen as twin obligations. Failure to understand the nature of suffering can result in medical intervention that (though technically adequate) not only fails to relieve suffering but becomes a source of suffering itself. Eric Cassell, MD

  10. Suffering • Experienced by persons, not bodies • Meaning, Context, Coping • Persons exist in relation to families • Biological, Acquisition, Chosen

  11. The Broad perspective • A narrow focus will miss the target • depression affects experience of pain • medication useless if can’t get it • spiritual strength may enhance tolerance • feeling abandoned may be expressed as physical suffering

  12. Dimensions of illness, bereavement and cancer care • Fixed characteristics of the patient • Modifiable dimensions of the patient’s experience • Healthcare interventions including their associated outcomes

  13. Fixed Patient Characteristics Race, Ethnicity Religion Culture SocioeconomicClass

  14. Culture • A group’s learned, repetitive, characteristic way of behaving, feeling, thinking and being • A strong determinant in attitudes toward health, illness, dying

  15. Respect • Err on the side of formality • Ask, don’t assume

  16. Language • Use interpreters when language barriers exist • Not family members

  17. Modifiable dimensions Spiritual, existential beliefs Loss,grief SymptomsFunction End of life,dying Fixed Characteristics Patient Caregivingneeds Social, issues Psychological,cognitivesymptoms

  18. Health system interventions Decision-making Careplanning Informationsharing Caredelivery Patient

  19. Process of providing care

  20. Patient Utilization,errors Pain /symptom relief Qualityof life Satisfaction Outcomes

  21. Efficient assessment • Initial screening • Detailed assessment • Physical examination, tests

  22. Initial screening • Validated questionnaires • NEST • RAI-PC

  23. NEST: 9 areas to screen • Social context Practical Personal Financial • Therapeutic Culture Decision-making • Needs Physical Mental • Existential Personal spirituality Spiritual distress

  24. Detailed assessment • Detailed frameworks in Appendix 1-2 • Assessments throughout EPEC-O • Additional not-validated questions in Appendix 3

  25. Summary A comprehensive assessment that includes the issues that cause patients suffering guides cancer care