Bicycle transport developments2007-12 How to become a bicycle friendly settlement? György Kukely PhD. business director Terra Studio Ltd. 24. 04. 2013.
CONTENT • Subject of evaluation – types of projects • Outputs • How to become a bike-friendly settlement? • Which cycle facilities are not bike-friendly? • Suggested interventions in bicycle development policy: • Integrated approach • Intermodality • Raising awareness • Monitoring • Co-operation • Maintenance
SUBJECT OF EVALUATION • 447 projects from all Regional Development Programs • „Development of the local roads” • „Development of cycle network” • „Town development/rehabilitation” • 156 environmental projects • 67 transport development projects • „Regional accessibility” • „ Development of cycle network” • 15 ETE projects • 16 social development projects • 75 projects financed by budgetary funds
OUTPUTS OF PROJECTS Σ 774 projects - 1.670,5 km path/track– 50,8 billion Ft/178 m € 193,6 km plans of cycle paths 394 settlements (12%) 24.496 bike stands 642 bikes for rent 69 bike services 123 bike to work campaigns Total cost of projects of all settlements Legend Million Ft > > < Settlement without project region small-region
CHARACTERTISTICS OF BIKE-FRIENDLY SETTLEMENTS • Good practices (experiences of field assessments) • Suitable cycle infrastructure • (quantity and quality) • Safe storage facilities • Lot of people cycling to work
CHARACTERTISTICS OF BIKE FRIENDLY SETTLEMENTS • Good practices (experiences of field assessments) • Cycle paths for leisure time cycling • The management of the settlement is • committed to cycle developments • Well-established developments • (Network plan)
BIKEFRIENDLY SETTLEMENT ADVENCED LEVEL Further conditions – rarely experienced: • Settlements should be lesscar-oriented • Carsshouldn’t „be protected” againstcyclists • Reintegration of pedestrians, cyclists onthe same transport surface level as cars • Settlement obstaclesshould be abolishedfor cyclists (junctionwithout crossings, bridges, overpasses etc) • More active social awareness raising, education, campaigns • Slow progression to the fulfilment of „ADVANCED” conditions of cycle friendly settlement!
NOT BIKEFRIENDLY CHARACTERISTICS Typical problems • One-sided facilities • Lots of cycle lanes on • pavements • Not appropriatebehaviour ofbothcyclists and pedestrians • Missing connections • Settlementstructure obstacles in bike paths (bridges, overpasses, crossings)
NOT BIKEFRIENDLY CHARACTERISTICS Typical problems • Insufficient and unsafe capacity of bike stands • Missing traffic signs, information boards • Lack of maintenance Suggestions: Decrease car traffic– a political decision is needed Reduce car lane spaceto ensure space for bike lanes! Create good examples – there are no sufficient good examples yet!
INTEGRATED APPROACH Integrated approach doesn’t work enough 592 town development projects 104 have cycle elements 511 road development projects 31 have cycle elements Suggestions: If we have an investment take into consideration all transporter Integrated approach appear in project ideas and tender documents Potential cycle element draw attention to it
INTERMODALITY, MODAL-SPLIT • Everyday transport mode • Bike stands at train and bus stations • Not bike-friendly stations • Not closed, unsafe bike stands • Good practices for railway crossings • on the same surface level • Problems of railway over and underpasses • Carrying bikes on public transport is not ensured Suggestions: Public transport and cycling mutually increase the attractiveness of both The goal: change from the car to an alternative transport mode Development of modal-split
AWARENESS RAISING • Efficiency of awareness raising is not suitable • Lot of good initiatives • Local effects • Lack of overall co-ordination Suggestions: Increase its role in developments Emphasis on the education Guide for the applicants
IMPORTANCE OF MONITORING • Using indicators slow learning process • Bicycle transportdatabase incomplete • Project database separate costs for bicycle transport elements Suggestions: Ensure the resources for data collection and processing Continuous data interchange Increase the significance of cycle developments in development policy
MAINTENANCE • 1.476,9 km mainly new facilities • Whois the maintainer of these facilities? • Municipalities maintain them. Békés-Mezőberény Nagybajom 61-es főút Kőbánya Fehér út Suggestions: Changing of approach in development policy Ensure money for the maintenance of bicycle infrastructure Intermediate Body– more emphasis on annual control
INSTITUTIONS’CO-OPERATION • Some people’s personal commitment • Activity of NGO’s • Strengthening professionalism • Utility of UME • Communication between the different actors • Avoid conflicts in the planning process • Weak cooperation between municipalities • National roads: municipalities Hungarian Transport Administration (KKK) és Route Authorisation (MK Zrt.) Suggestions: Determine the frames, legal background of the different types of cooperations Good practices for cooperation should be made! Professional coordination is needed!
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