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PUNJAB ENERGY INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES. 01 August 2013. Investing in Energy Today, Our key to a brighter tomorrow!. PRESENTATION AGENDA. THE PROBLEM. Power shortfall = 4,000 MW – 6,000 MW per day Power shortages estimated to cost the economy 2% of GDP each year

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PUNJAB ENERGY INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES


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    1. PUNJAB ENERGY INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES 01 August 2013 Investing in Energy Today, Our key to a brighter tomorrow!

    2. PRESENTATION AGENDA

    3. THE PROBLEM Power shortfall = 4,000 MW – 6,000 MW per day Power shortages estimated to cost the economy 2% of GDP each year Difference in production and sale price on average Rs 5/unit - contributing to the circular debt issue Approx 4.1 million jobs and employment opportunities lost since 2008, roughly 7.5 percent of the workforce

    4. INSTALLED CAPACITY COMPARISON BETWEEN PAKISTAN & INDIA

    5. ELECTRICITY COST COMPARISON Source: Regulatory Bodies

    6. INSTALLED CAPACITY & POWER GENERATION Cumulative Installed Capacity: 22,797 MW Ave. Annual Power Generation: 12,278 MW Peak Generation achieved in July 2013: ~ 16,000 MW

    7. PAKISTAN ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2010-2011* * Graph based on Pakistan Yearbook 2010-2011 Source: Investment Guide, Punjab Power Development Board

    8. ELECTRICITY DEMAND & CONSUMPTION IN PUNJAB In Punjab, at present, there is a electricity demand-supply gap of about 3,500 MW Demand growing at 8% per year Source: Government of Punjab, Energy Department

    9. PUNJAB’S SYSTEM EFFICIENCIES COMPARED TO OTHER PROVINCES Source: Government of Punjab, Energy Department

    10. The Power Sector had structural issues in the past, but the newly elected government has taken bold steps to restore confidence: Clearance of circular debt of Rs. 480 billion immediately Decision to increase tariff to recover cost except targeted subsidy Conversion of certain oil fired plants to coal to lower cost Legislation for strict legal action against power & gas theft New metering systems on grids/feeders to isolate theft Decision to privatize most DISCOs and GENCOs Institutional Reform and capacity building initiated With these bold decisions, subsidies will be eliminated within 2-3 years MAJOR REFORM OF POWER SECTOR

    11. Formulation of New Energy Policy Legal action against power & gas theft initiated Inauguration of New Bong Hydroelectric Project (84 MW) Revival of Nandipur Power Project (425 MW) Progress on the G2G LNG Supply between Pakistan & Qatar Attracting Chinese investment in Punjab Power Sector “This is just the beginning of our journey to achieve sustainable energy security at affordable cost” SPECIFIC ACTIONS IN THE FIRST 50 DAYS

    12. PUNJAB ENERGY STRATEGY AND INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

    13. PUNJAB ENERGY STRATEGY

    14. PUNJAB’S INDIGENOUS RESOURCES

    15. India – 158 plants generating 2,666MW another 70 in pipeline • High Pressure Co-generation key to tapping the potential • 67/110 Bar • Conversion to high pressure boilers (67/87 kg/cm2) reduces power consumption by ~25-27% • Enhances Bagasse availability • Extends power generation beyond crushing season – 2 months

    16. BAGASSE BASED CO-GENERATION Case Study – Indicative Returns (based on NEPRA determination)

    17. CROP BIOMASS POTENTIAL IN PUNJAB

    18. CROP BIOMASS RESOURCES IN PUNJAB (ZONE WISE) In addition, other crops also have potential resources

    19. ZONES OF BIOMASS POTENTIAL

    20. BIOMASS POTENTIAL OF ZONES

    21. COTTON ZONE

    22. MIXED CROP ZONE

    23. RICE ZONE

    24. SEASONAL AVAILABILITY (MAJOR CROPS )

    25. SEASONAL AVAILABILITY (MINOR CROPS)

    26. BIOMASS POWER GENERATION • Generation of at least 300 MW from this source • Stand alone biomass or biomass-coal mix plants • Proposed plant sizes is 5 MW to 30 MW across the crop zones ideally in industrial clusters • Detailed survey of agriculture waste resource resource • Regulatory framework to establish zones and enforce territorial restrictions

    27. REGULATORY FRAMEWORK • Punjab Industries (Control on Establishment and Enlargement) Ordinance 1963 • Sec. 3 & 4: Territorial restrictions on industrial undertakings (biomass plants) • Sec. 8: Penalty of imprisonment up to 1 year or fine or both • Punjab Environmental Protection Act 1997 • Sec. 11: Burning of crop residue in field can be prohibited • Sec 17: Penalty of up to Rs. 5 million fine • New biomass specific regulatory framework as well

    28. BIOMASS POWER GENERATION Case Study – Indicative Returns (based on estimates)

    29. INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN HYDEL & SOLAR

    30. HYDEL POWER POTENTIAL IN PUNJAB

    31. SMALL HYDEL POWER GENERATION Case Study – Indicative Returns(based on feasibility study tariff ) run of canal distt. sahiwal

    32. One of the best Solar Irradiation in South Punjab 5.6 to 6.4 KwH/Sqm/Day • Effective utilization hours per year >2,000 • 10,000 acre of land allocated for Solar Park at Cholistan • Named “Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park” • 2,500 acre in Maroot district Bhawalnagar and 7,500 acre at Deengarh road tehsil Yazman • 220KV line 45 Km from Yazman • 5 projects (~300MW) currently parked in Cholistan • Interest from Chinese Investors

    33. One of the best Solar Irradiation in South Punjab 5.6 to 6.4 kW/Sqm/Day • Average sunlight availability 6-8 Hrs/day • over 2,000 effective utilization hours/yr • 5,000 acre of land allocated for Cholistan Solar Park • 2,500 acre each in Maroot district Bhawalnagar and Deengarh road tehsilYazman • 220KV line 45 Km from Yazman • 5 projects (~300MW) currently parked in Cholistan • Interest from Chinese Investors 40 Km from BWP 140 KM from Multan

    34. PUNJAB COAL RESOURCES • Snowden Study indicates reserves of 596 MT – 443 MT assured. Currently mined ~ 1.0 MT • Jhelum, Chakwal, Khushab & Mianwali • Rank-D, Bituminous category as against Sub-bituminous ascertained earlier • Can produce 3,700 MW for 30 Years • Punjab Minerals Company (PMC) to develop and manage local coal resources

    35. LOCAL COAL BASED POWER GENERATION Case Study – Indicative Returns 200 MW(based on NEPRA determination)

    36. BRIDGING THE ENERGY GAP – THE PLAN

    37. BRIDGING THE ENERGY GAP – THE PLAN Link

    38. ENABLING POLICIES AND INCENTIVES

    39. ENABLING POLICIES & INCENTIVES REGULATORY STRUCTURE

    40. ENABLING POLICIES & INCENTIVES REGULATORY STRUCTURE CONTRACTUAL MECHANISM • Guaranteed power purchase for IPPs • Upfront tariffs • Sovereign Guarantees • Standardized IA, PPAs

    41. ENABLING POLICIES & INCENTIVES FINANCIAL & FISCAL INCENTIVES

    42. ENABLING POLICIES & INCENTIVES FINANCIAL & FISCAL INCENTIVES

    43. POLICY INTERVENTIONS PLANNED - PUNJAB

    44. POLICY INTERVENTIONS PLANNED - PUNJAB

    45. ADDITIONAL INTERVENTIONS BEING PROPOSED