arrangement of components within a physical space n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Arrangement of Components within a Physical Space PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Arrangement of Components within a Physical Space

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Arrangement of Components within a Physical Space - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 190 Views
  • Uploaded on

Arrangement of Components within a Physical Space. Principles of Arranging Components Importance Frequency-of-Use Functional Sequence-of-Use Locating components in general area in work space: use (A) and (B) Arrangement of components within a general area Use (C) and (D)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Arrangement of Components within a Physical Space' - meris


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
arrangement of components within a physical space
Arrangement of Components within a Physical Space
  • Principles of Arranging Components
    • Importance
    • Frequency-of-Use
    • Functional
    • Sequence-of-Use
  • Locating components in general area in work space: use (A) and (B)
  • Arrangement of components within a general area
    • Use (C) and (D)
    • Evidence of sequence-of-use superiority
methodologies for arranging components
Methodologies for Arranging Components
  • Data Types
    • Basic data about human beings
    • Task analysis data
    • Environment data
methodologies for arranging components1
Methodologies for Arranging Components
  • Two broad classes of task-related information
    • Information on the use of components individually
    • Information on the relationships between components as they are used
methodologies for arranging components2
Methodologies for Arranging Components
  • Information Dealing with Components Individually
    • Determine frequency of use and criticality of components
    • Composite frequency-importance indices
      • Ex. Control accessibility index
methodologies for arranging components3
Methodologies for Arranging Components
  • Information Dealing with Relationships between Components
    • Links: relationships between components
    • Communication links
    • Control links
    • Movement links
methodologies for arranging components4
Methodologies for Arranging Components
  • Link Representations
    • Link table
    • Graphical Representations
      • Adjacency layout diagrams
      • Spatial Operational-Sequence Diagrams
methodologies for arranging components5
Methodologies for Arranging Components
  • Arranging Components
    • Quantitative solutions
      • Linear programming: optimizing utility costs
      • Simpler solution
        • Put control with highest frequency in area w/lowest error
        • Put control with second highest frequency in area w/second lowest error
        • Continue for all controls
general location of controls and displays
General Location of Controls and Displays
  • Visual Displays
    • Line of sight ~15º below the horizon
    • Critical displays should be placed within a reasonably moderate oval around normal line of sight
general location of controls and displays1
General Location of Controls and Displays
  • Hand controls that require force
    • max pulling force exerted from 57-66 cm forward from seat reference point
    • Best location for cranks and levels is in front of operator
general location of controls and displays2
General Location of Controls and Displays
  • Controls on panels
    • General guidelines (Figures 14-11 and 14-12)
    • Time to activate controls minimum for controls about 25º from center
    • Avoid imposing response-time requirements on operators in which small differences are critical
general location of controls and displays3
General Location of Controls and Displays
  • Two-hand controls
    • Place push buttons at waist-level rather than eye-level if possible
  • Foot Controls
    • If considerable force required, place pedal well forward (toe-operated)
    • Forces greatest when foot angle on pedal between 15-35º from the vertical
specific location of controls and displays
Specific Location of Controls and Displays
  • Guiding principles
    • sequence-of-use
    • group by function if no fixed or common sequences found
    • Avoid mirror imaging
spacing of control devices
Spacing of Control Devices
  • Dependent on anthropometric factors and precision of psychomotor movements
  • Recommended separation (Figure 14-21)
general guidelines in designing individual workplaces
General Guidelines in Designing Individual Workplaces
  • Priorities:
    • Primary visual tasks
    • Primary controls interacting with primary visual tasks
    • Control-display relationships
    • Arrangement of elements in sequence of use
    • Convenient location of frequently-used elements
    • Consistent layout within system