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Metaphor. A lesson in reading between the lines…. Metaphor Definition. Metaphor is a figure of speech in which a comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something in common. Unlike simile, you don't use "like" or "as" in the comparison. . Metaphor Definition.

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a lesson in reading between the lines

Metaphor

A lesson in reading between the lines…

slide2

Metaphor Definition

  • Metaphor is a figure of speech in which a comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something in common.
  • Unlike simile, you don't use "like" or "as" in the comparison.
slide3

Metaphor Definition

  • Sometimes the speaker says something IS something else.
    • The clouds are marshmallows in the sky
  • Sometimes the speaker IMPLIES that something is something else
    • Marshmallows float through the air
slide4

Explicit vs Implicit Metaphor

  • Explicit metaphor
    • explicitly stated or obvious
  • Implicit metaphor
    • not explicitly stated or obvious
      • When something is subtly compared to another thing.
      • Can slip by readers who aren’t paying CLOSE attention to language
slide5

Explicit Metaphor

  • For example, You want to describe a stubborn man, unwilling to leave
    • He was a mule, standing his ground.
  • This is a fairly explicit metaphor
  • The man is being compared to a mule.
slide6

Implicit or Unstated Metaphor

  • For example, You want to describe a stubborn man, unwilling to leave
    • the man "brayed his refusal to leave"
    • the subject (the man) is never overtly identified as a mule.
    • Braying is associated with the mule, a notoriously stubborn creature, and so the comparison between the stubborn man and the mule is sustained.
slide7

Examples

  • I am a rainbow
    • It is comparing two nouns, a person, and a rainbow, but does not use like or as.
slide8

Examples

  • I am not Anger
    • it is contrasting two nouns.
slide9

My Life is a Dream

My life is a dream,like a tiger wakingup from her deep sleep.My life is likea dream,it's alluptome,the treesarepurple,thestarstalkawaythe night,themoaning moonlightsup the sky.

By Autumn

slide10

I am Las Vegas

I am Las Vegas growing by the infiniteawake morning by night,or day.I am Las VegasMy hand is the sand.By Rachel

slide11

I am a Sword

I am a sword,Sharper than a tongueNobody can defeat me,Because I am a sword,I can not be hurt by what people sayAbout me, I will not show my angerAgainstSomeone else.

By Alex

slide12

Math

Math is the career for kids.If you don'tknow mathyou won't make any money.you won't get a job. you won't get a house.

By Jake

slide14

My family lives inside a medicine chest: Dad is the super-size band aid, strong and powerfulbut not always effective in a crisis.Mom is the middle-size tweezer,which picks and pokes and pinches.David is the single small aspirin on the third shelf,sometimes ignored.Muffin, the sheep dog, is a round cotton ball, stained and dirty, that pops off the shelf and bounces in my way as I open the door.And I am the wood and glue which hold us all together with my love.

slide16

My family is an expired firecrackerset off by the blowtorch of divorce. We layscattered in many directions.My father is the wick, badly burntbut still glowing softly.My mother is the blackened paper fluttering down,blowing this way and that, unsure where to land.My sister is the fallen, colorful parachute,lying in a tangled knot, unable to see the beauty sheholds.My brother is the fresh, untouched powder thatwas protected from the flame. And I,I am the singed, outside papers, curled awayfrom everything, silently cursingthe blowtorch.

slide17

Metaphor Classics

Sonnet 18

By William Shakespeare

slide18

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?Thou art more lovely and more temperate:Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date:Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimm'd:And every fair from fair sometime declines,By chance, or nature's changing course untrimm'd;But they eternal summer shall not fade,Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st;So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

By William Shakespeare

slide19

Metaphor Practice

Can you identify examples of metaphor?

Check to see if you know what Metaphor is.

Click only on the examples of metaphor.

slide20

Crash, bang, boom! goes the car.

  • Over the tree over the hill.
  • Books are dreams
  • Well done! You are a star!
  • Swoosh! goes the flag
  • The pizza said, "Eat me!"
  • Cats camp in California.
  • The sand is a golden blanket
  • War cries.
  • Red crackles.
  • The moon is a white balloon