Family Friends Pets We Want All Our Loved Ones To Be Healthy
Objectives • Explain why physical exams are important to the health of the pet. • Identify the “vital signs.” • Be able to perform a physical exam and monitor their own animal.
Do any of you have pets? Have you ever gone to the veterinary clinic? What does a veterinarian do when you take your pet in for its yearly appointment?
Why Is a Physical Exam Important? • Allows you to find signs of sickness that are not obvious • Helps you to determine the extent of the injury or illness
Physical exam During a physical you look at all the body systems and how they are working • All body systems are related in function • If one doesn’t work properly it may limit what you can do medically • A veterinarian may pick up on something that the owners didn’t see or know was significant • Heart murmur • Growth problem • Skin problem • Parasites
* See slide note First Thing: Check the History • Check the records of past visits • Get information from the owner • Listen carefully, ask questions
* What is your over-all first impression? … of skin, muscle tone, movements, behavior, attitude?
Physical Exam * Things a Veterinarian will need • Stethoscope • Otoscope • Thermometer • Pen light • Neuro hammer
The first thing a vet may do is listen to your animal’s heart and lungs.
* Next, the veterinarian may take the animal’s temperature.
* After the heart, respiratory rates, and temperature are measured, the animal is examined from head to toe.
Physical Exam * If the animal is sick, the veterinarian may take samples of blood, urine, or feces
* The last thing the veterinarian may do is give the vaccinations.
Horse Resp: 10-14 bpm Temp: 99-100°F males lower HR: 28-40 bpm Cow Resp: 26-50 bpm Temp: 101-101.5°F HR: 48-84 bpm Sheep/goat Resp: 16-34 bpm Temp: 102.3°F HR: 70-80 bpm Cat Resp: 16-40 bpm Temp: 101.5°F HR: 120-140 bpm Dog Resp: 18-34 bpm Temp: 102°F HR:70-120 bpm Pig Resp: 32-58 bpm Temp: 102.5°F HR: 70-120 bpm * Normals See data file, “Normal Reference Values.doc”
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Partnerships in Health: Monitoring your pet • Monitoring your pet can be helpful to your veterinarian when something happens at home. • What to look for: • Is respiration increased? • Has the heart rate gone up? • Is there swelling? • Does the animal have a fever? • Has the behavior changed? • Does the animal lack energy or seem depressed?