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Jefferson Takes Office. Election of 1800. Jefferson (Republican) vs. Adams (Federalist) Heated Campaign Federalist threatened Civil War if Jefferson was elected Republicans accusing John Adams of wanting to create a monarchy Jefferson defeated Adams by receiving 73 Electoral votes

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election of 1800
Election of 1800
  • Jefferson (Republican) vs. Adams (Federalist)
  • Heated Campaign
  • Federalist threatened Civil War if Jefferson was elected
  • Republicans accusing John Adams of wanting to create a monarchy
  • Jefferson defeated Adams by receiving 73 Electoral votes
    • Running mate Aaron Burr also received 73 Electoral votes
    • The person who receives highest number of electoral votes is president….but what happens when both receive the same number of votes?
    • House of Reps would decide who would be President
house of reps voting for president
House of Reps Voting for President
  • Deadlocked for 6 days
  • Jefferson ended up winning the election
  • To avoid this from happening in the future, put in place the 12th Amendment to change how electors voted
    • In 1804, Electors would vote separately for President and Vice President
jefferson s inauguration
Jefferson’s Inauguration
  • Inaugurated in March 1801
  • First president to be inaugurated in Washington D.C.
  • Wanted to bring together a young, divided country
revolution of 1800
Revolution of 1800
  • Jefferson thought of his presidency as “Revolution of 1800”
    • Wanted to make some big changes to make it a better country for the people
  • First goal was to limit the federal government’s power over states and citizens
  • Believed in idea known as “laissez-faire”….French word meaning, “let alone”
  • Laissez-faire: means that the government should not interfere in the economy
putting laissez faire into action
Putting Laissez-Faire Into Action
  • Reduced number of people in government
    • Fired all tax collectors, reduced number of U.S. diplomats
    • Decreased size of military
  • Sedition Act
    • Ordered the fines to be returned to the people that were charged with going against the act
    • Those imprisoned under Act were released
  • Did not reverse all Federalists policies, allowed Federalist officeholders to keep their jobs if they did them well and were loyal citizens
  • He believed the nation still had to repay their debt
marbury vs madison
Marbury vs. Madison
  • Jefferson did not uphold the appointments that Adams made during the final days of his presidency
  • Outcome:
    • Supreme Court ruled Judiciary Act of 1789 as unconstitutional, meaning the Supreme Court does not get their power from Congress, instead they get it from the Constitution
    • Established judicial review, authority of Supreme Court to strike down unconstitutional laws
    • Judge William Marbury did not keep his appointment