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WEL COME. Bihar At a Glance. Funds received from Government of India & its Utilization. 1. Macro Management Mode Amount in Rs. Lakh. Work Plan of Macro Management Mode (2004-05) . Amount in Rs. Lakh. Financial Year – 2004-05. Contd. Balance as on 01.04.2004 Rs. 317.504 Lakh

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Funds received from government of india its utilization l.jpg
Funds received from Government of India & its Utilization

  • 1. Macro Management Mode

  • Amount in Rs. Lakh



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Financial Year – 2004-05

Contd..

  • Balance as on 01.04.2004 Rs. 317.504 Lakh

  • First Installment Rs. 900.00 Lakh

  • Second Installment Rs. 540.00 Lakh

  • Total available Central share Rs. 1757.50 Lakh

    (A+B+C)

  • Additional share received from

    GoI for Agricultural Rs. 332.00 Lakh Mechanization & NWDPRA

  • Total Central Share available Rs. 2089.50 Lakh

    (D+E)

  • Fund Utilized Rs. 1720.00 Lakh


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2.Integrated Scheme of Oilseed, Pulses, Oil palm & Maize (ISOPOM)

Amount in Rs. Lakh


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ISOPOM Scheme taken by State Government

in 2004-05

Amount in Rs. Lakh


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RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA

HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT

  • The Four Districts of the State

  • Mango – Darbhanga, Litchi - Muzaffarpur

  • Makhana- Madhubani, Spices- Samastipur

  • Rs. 142.13 is sanctioned by Planning Commission for implementation of the project in three years. Which includes Rs. 80.00 Crores for bank loan, Rs. 36.00 Crores (25%) for subsidy and Rs. 25.00 Crores for beneficiary share.

  • In Financial Year 2004-05, Rs. 20.00 Crores is released by Planning Commission.


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WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT

  • In Eight Districts of South Bihar Viz., Banka, Jamui, Munger, Gaya, Nawada, Aurangabad, Rohtas & Kaimur.

  • 97,000 Ha. Land of these rainfed areas will be treated.

  • For Financial Year 2004-05, 10.00 Crores is released by Planning Commission for Capacity Building Programme.


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State Plan

  • Seed Production Programme by RAU

  • A Project worth 436.40 Lakh for seed production has been sanctioned by Department of Agriculture for 5 Years (2002-03 to 2006-07)


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  • Soil Survey & Land Use Programme

  • Rs. 50.00 Lakh has been sanctioned to RAU for soil survey, land use classification & soil fertility test in Bhagalpur district.

  • Quality Planting Material for Aromatic & Medicinal Plant

  • Rs. 34.90 Lakh has been sanctioned to RAU to develop Nursery for quality planting material for aromatic & medicinal plant in Patna.


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New Interventions

  • Small Farmers’ Agri-business Consortium (SFAC)

  • SFAC established in the state.

  • Vegetable Federation

  • Rs. 3.53 Crores has been sanction for the establishment of Vegetable Federation in the State.

  • Krishak Salakhar Yojana

  • To be implemented in 8471 Panchayats of 38 district.

  • Agriculture graduates/ progressive farmers preferred for salakhar. Fee will be paid to salakhar for their services to farmers.

  • Govt. will provide input training .


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Horticulture Development

  • DPR of Horticulture Development project in three districts of the state has been prepared.

  • These Projects may be sanctioned through National Horticulture Mission, Planning Commission or any other implementing agency.


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State of Readiness for Additional Funds during Financial Year-2005-06.

Amount in Rs. Lakh

  • Emphasize on development of Maize, Pulses

    and Oilseeds by State Government


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For the effective implementation of the scheme, following measures will be taken during 2005 – 2006.

  • Improvingthe availability of seeds of location specific, insect/pest & disease resistant varieties of Crops by advance planning.

  • Effective coordination with I.C.A.R. & S.A.U. will be made for organization of frontline demonstration. For effective organization of field demonstration, on improved crop production technology, I.P.M. etc. Certain percentage of demonstrations organized by the field staff will be mandatory for District & Block level officer. The Director/A.P.C. will make regular review meeting & keep Government of India fully informed.


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Thrust Areas measures will be taken during


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Diversification of Farming System in the State measures will be taken during

Emphasis on following major crop activities

  • Export quality Paddy.

  • Maize.

  • Pulses & Oilseeds.

  • Specific fruits & Vegetables.

  • Makhana.

  • Aromatic & Medicinal Plant.


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Organic Basmati measures will be taken during

  • Export of 6.00 M.T. Basmati Rice in 2003-04.

  • Munger district has taken lead.

  • It is grown in 600 Acres and increasing every year.

  • It is exported to European countries.

  • Seed is supplied by entrepreneur.

  • Entrepreneur has been trained under Agri- Clinic scheme.


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Boro Paddy measures will be taken during

  • It is cultivated in about 2 lakh hectares and increasing exponentially.

  • Farmers raise seedling through Dapog method.

  • Government provides subsidy on seed besides training.

  • It has tremendous potential to increase the productivity of Chour land.


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Varieties for Notification by the Central seed Sub-Committee measures will be taken during

  • Name of Crop: Paddy

  • Variety : Rajendra Basmati-1

  • Salient Features of variety:

  • First basmati variety of the state.

  • Aromatic, early maturing & semi-dwarf

  • Tolerant to BLB, Blast, Leaf spot, stem borer & BPH

  • Yield potential- 45-55 q/ha.


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  • Salient Features of variety: measures will be taken during

  • Cross between Kasturi & Sugandha

  • Resistance to BLB, Brown leaf spot & Blast.

  • Yield potential : 40-45 q/ha.


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  • Salient Features of variety: measures will be taken during

  • Tolerant to most of the diseases & pest.

  • Yield Potential: 55q/ha

  • Suitable area : medium to shallow low land (Zone- III)


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measures will be taken during

Pulses


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measures will be taken during

 Oilseed


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measures will be taken during

 Maize


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Varieties for Notification by the Central seed Sub-Committee measures will be taken during

  • Name of Crop: Maize

  • Varieties: Shaktiman-3 & Shaktiman-4



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Average area, Production and measures will be taken during Productivity of maize in Bihar


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Rank of state in the country measures will be taken during

  • Productivity of Pulses in the State is more than National Average, while, in case of oilseeds, it is at par with National Average.


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Rank of state in the country measures will be taken during

  • 2.35 M.T. of Snow pea has been exported in 2003-04.


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Makhana measures will be taken during

  • Unique crop of wet land of North Bihar.

  • An ambitious scheme of Makhana has been launched in Madhubani District under RSVY.

  • It is cultivated in about 13,000 hectares and Bihar contributes about 80% of the National production.

  • Shakti Sudha industries has come up to for value addition.

  • Export to Arabian countries has started.


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Litchi measures will be taken during

  • Export of 393 M.T. Litchi in 2003-04.

  • Area under Litchi cultivation 27000 hectares.

  • Litchi is exported to European countries.

  • AEZ comprising 14 districts have been set up.

  • Export of fresh and processed Litchi is increasing.

  • Ambitious scheme of Litchi development has launched under RSVY in Muzaffarpur district.


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Medicinal & Aromatic Plant measures will be taken during

  • Area has increased from 50 Acres in 2001-02 to 400 Acres in 2004-05.

  • Distillation plant at production site has been established.

  • Government provides subsidy to distillation plants besides training.

  • Nursery for quality planting material has been established by Rajendra Agriculture University at Patna.


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Progress on APMC Act Amendment measures will be taken during

  • The Bihar State Agricultural Produce Marketing (Development & regulation) Act, 2005.

  • Preamble: “To provide for improved regulation in marketing of agricultural produce, development of efficient marketing system, promotion of agri- processing and agricultural export and the establishment and proper administration of markets for agricultural produce in the State of Bihar, and whereas, it is expedient to put in place an effective infrastructure for healthy marketing of agricultural produce and lay down procedure and systems thereto”


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Following Specific proposal of amendment in Act is sent to Law Department for approval

  • Notification of intention of developing and regulating marketing of notified agricultural produce in specified area.

  • Establishment of private market yards and direct purchasing from producer.

  • Establishment of consumer/farmer market.

  • Prohibition to levy of market fee and grant of license in the consumer/ farmer market.

  • Contract Farming Agreement and Specification


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National Horticulture Mission Law Department for approval

  • In the Financial year 2005-06, separate work plan for the Horticulture sector under National Horticulture Mission in light of guidelines provided by GOI will be prepared under Macro Management Mode


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Micro- irrigation Law Department for approval

  • Million Shallow Tube well Programme


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B. Law Department for approvalOn Farm Water Management Scheme (OFWMS)


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Revised Projections of OFWMS for 2005-06 Law Department for approval


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Agriculture Technology Mission Agency (ATMA) Law Department for approval

  • ATMA has been registered in the districts of Madhubani, Munger, Muzaffarpur & Patna. The progress of ATMA has been satisfactory and the same has been the World Bank reaction during its review mission.

Amount in Rs. Lakh


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  • The state government is committed to replicate the successes of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:

  • Adopting farming system approach

  • Marketing of agriculture products

  • Convergence of approach between agriculture and line departments

  • Bottom – up planning and including farmers in devising the plans for their development

  • Assessment of new interventions/crops for benefit to farming community

  • Public – Private partnership in agriculture extension.


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Suggestions for Improving of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:Kharif Production

  • Create seed/ grain/fertilizer bank in every block.

  • Promote seed production by farmers.

  • Promote low cost production technology.

  • Promote organic farming and Bio-fertilizers & Bio-pesticides.

  • More emphasis on the adoption of non-monetary inputs like timely sowing, maintaining optimum plant population, timely irrigation at critical stages of crop growth and efficient use of fertilizers as well as plant protection measures.

  • Encourage cultivation of Pulses and Oilseeds as intercrop in rain fed farming systems and as intervention in High productivity cereals sequence.


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Contingent Crop Planning of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:

  • Contingent technological plan to mitigate the impact of any erratic behavior of monsoon during Kharif season, 2005 in Bihar

  • SITUATION – I

  • Late onset of monsoon and normal afterwards (2nd week July)

  • Problems

  • Late sowing of rice seeds in nursery.

  • Delay in transplanting of rice seedlings.

  • Over aged seedlings and less tillering.

  • Due to late transplanting nutrient requirement will be less specially nitrogenous fertilizers.

  • Panicle initiation of the long duration rice varieties will be hampered due to low temperature during flowerings period.

  • More attack of disease (sheeth rot, sheeth blight and Brown spot) and insect (case worm and stem borer)


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Technology of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:

  • Sowing of early duration rice varieties like Prabhat, Saket, Pusa 2-21, IR-36, Pusa 834, Pant-14, medium duration varieties like Sita ,Kanak, Rajendra Sweta, Sugandh 2, Sugandh 3 and photo- sensitive varieties like Sugandha, Kamini.

  • Sowing of rice seeds on raised bed in North Bihar and flat bed in South Bihar. Also raising of seedlings by Dapog method.

  • Transplanting in close spacing (15x10cm) with 5-5 seedlings/hill.

  • Application of balance fertilizer, Nitrogen may be reduced to 40 kg/hect. in photo-sensitive tall varieties.

  • Provide a gap of 30 cm after every three meter transplanting (alleys row).

  • nitrogenous fertilizer must be top dressed in 2-3 splits.

  • Seed treatment with Bavistin @ 1.5-2.0 gram/kg seed by wet method.

  • Apply need based fungicides /botanical extract to control disease.

  • To control case worm provide alternate wetting and drying of the field. Dislodge the insect by moving kerosene socked rope across the field.

  • Use pheremon trap to control stems borer.

  • Apply need based insecticides/botanical pesticides.


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  • SITUATION – II of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:

  • Timely monsoon followed by long break during cropping season (failure of rain in August – September)

  • Problems

  • Poor growth of crop and less tailoring.

  • Attack of mealy bug, brown spot, blast.

  • Creating drought like situation.


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Technology of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:

1. Water Conservation

  • Mulching – Earth crust mulch, living mulch, Straus mulch, Spastic sheet mulch.

  • Providing only life saving irrigation to the crops in the evening.

  • Use of delivery plastic pipe in irrigation.

  • Avoid deep ploughing. Follow shallow ploughing, open the furrow over night followed by planking in the morning.

  • Spraying of anti-evaporate and anti-transparent to minimize the loss of water

  • Must use sprinkler/drip irrigation system.


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2. Crop Management of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:

  • Save rice seedlings by providing life saving irrigation also provide life saving irrigation to the transplanted rice crop.

  • Photo-sensitive (Aghani) over aged rice varieties seedlings may be transplanted up to 15th September, if water is available.

  • Mulching of rice field with needed bio-mass or any other dry matter (straw, husk, etc)

  • Crop substitution- Sowing of short duration of Maize, Urad, Kalthi.

  • Be prepare with taking all water conservation measure for early sowing (from 2nd fort-night of September) of Rabi Crops especially Oilseeds like castor, Sunflower and Toria, Pulses like September Arhar, Chick –pea (for green pod & sag), Lentil, Rajmash, Cereal like-Tomato, Early cauliflower, Cabbage, Radish, Gajar, Brinjals, Chillies, Bhindi, Sag, Palak, Boro, Khira, Karela etc.

  • Suitable Medicinal and Aromatic planks like Ashwagandha, Sarpgandha, Satawar, Sanai-patti, Khush, etc. may be planted in August/September.

  • Encourage Mushroom cultivation.

  • Plantation of Papaya.

  • Cultivation of commercial flower plants like Marigold, Gladiolas, Rajnigandha, Chrysanthemum etc.

  • Grow high value & less water required crop like Shania, Methi, Mangraila, Sonf, Garlic etc.


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3. Nutrient Management of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:

  • Spraying of 3% urea solution in standing Crop.

  • Use of compost & FYM.

  • Basal application 50% recommended fertilizer dose.

  • Application of nitrogenous fertilizers as top dressing in rice crop based on Leaf Colour chart (Lee).

    4. Pest management

  • Keep watch on incidence of various insect pest and diseases related to specific crops and suitable plant protection measures can be adopted in due course of time.


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    • SITUATION – III of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:

    • Early withdrawl of rain (15th September on ward)

    • Problems

    • Irregular flowering of rice crop.

    • More number of chafly grains.

    • Adverse effect on long duration rice varieties.

    • effect on rabi cultivation.

    • Technology

    • Judicious use of available water to solve the standing rice crop. Care must be given to the crop in Panicle Initiation (PI) Stage and Grain Filling Stage.

    • Use of sprinkler & drip system of irrigation. Provide water only for maintaining moist/soil saturation condition.

    • Plan for crop substitution like Maize, Urad, Kulthi, Castor, Sunflower, Toria, Gram, Lentil, Barley, Oat, Vegetables & Spices crops with suitable varieties and recommended package of practices.


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    • SITUATION – IV of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:

    • Flood and water logging

    • Problems

    • Flood may come early, mid or late period during kharif crop season of varying depth and duration resulting partial to complete inundation and crop submergence/failure of crop.

    • Water logging may stand in the field after recede of flood.

    • Devastating flood may breach embankment resulting sand casting on the agricultural field of varying depth.


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    Technology of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:

    Time :1st Fortnight of August

    • Direct seeding of pre-germinated short duration rice variety (Turanta), photo-sensitive varieties (Sugandha, Kamini etc.) by using Zero Till Drill (seed rate 50 kg/hect.) or broadcasting (seed rate 75 kg/hect.).

    • Raising of seedlings by Dapog Method/Raised Bed Method and transplant it after 12-15 days.

    • Adopt Kharuhan Method for increasing the area of seed bed of rice to be transplanted after flood.

    • Sowing of castor (Arun & Jyoti), Urad (T9, Pant 30, Naveen) and Fodder maize (African Tall, PFM 99-1), Jowar (MP Chari, PC 32, Hara Sona) Naipeer (Pusa Jaint) and Urad (Local) may be done on safe land.


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    Time :2 of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:nd Fortnight of August

    • Above mentioned technologies may be extended.

    • Sowing of Chilies, September Arhar (Bahar, Sharad, Pusa 9), Mishrikand, Sakarkand (Crossy, Rajendra Sakarkand 5, 35) and vegetables may be done.

      Time :1st Fortnight of September

    • Complete the Sowing of September Arhar.

    • Sowing of vegetables like Parwal ( Rajendra Parwal 1, 2, Swararekha, Safeda), Brinjal, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Bora, Palak, Sag, Radish, Tomato and Early Potato may be facilitated.

    • Transplant photo-sensitive long duration rice varieties by Kharuhan method – Double Transplanting with 60 – 75 days old Kharuhan seedlings using 4-5 seedlings/hill in 10x10 cm spacing.


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    Time :2 of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:nd Fortnight of September

    • Sowing of Toria (Panchali, Bhawani, RAUTS 17, PT 303), Sunflower (Surya, Sunrise, Modern), Maize fodder and Baby Corn (Pusa Hybrid early 2, 3, Shaktiman 1, 2, VL42), Kulthi, Tobacco transplanting, Kusum, Vegetables may be done. Potato will be a good option.

    • Top dressing of standing of standing rice crop (20 kg/hect.) and plant protection care must be taken.

      Time :October

    • After the recede of flood multiple options are available with different sowing methods and management conditions like Cereal – Maize, Cash Crop – Potato & Tobacco, Pulses – Gram, Lentil & Pea; Oilseeds – Toria, Sarson, Rai, Tisi, Kusum & Sunflower; Fruits – Papaya; Vegetables – Potato, Radish, Gajar; Spices – Garlic, Dhania, Mangraila, Suf, Methi; Flower – Rose; Fodder – Barseem, Lucerne, Oat may be cultivated.


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    Quarantine Facilities in the State of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:

    • Quarantine laboratories have been functioning in Raxual & Jogbani near Nepal Border in the private building. These laboratories issue Phyto-sanitory certificate & permission related to import permit.

    • Department of Agriculture has written to District Magistrate to provide 250 sq. ft. & 200 sq.ft. area in Raxual & Jogbani respectively for Quarantine building.


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    Seed Plan of the State of ATMA to Non – ATMA districts. For this, major issues are:


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    In order to double food production in the next ten years, a perspective seed plan have been prepared and have already been sent.


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    Catalogue of Varieties: perspective seed plan have been prepared and have already been sent.

    CROP - PADDY


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    CROP - WHEAT perspective seed plan have been prepared and have already been sent.


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    CROP - MAIZE perspective seed plan have been prepared and have already been sent.


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    THANK YOU... perspective seed plan have been prepared and have already been sent.


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