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Military history of our country must not be forgotten. Borodino. Aims of the Presentation. 1. Educating interest in the history of the Motherland 2. Broadening and educating the mind 3. Educating achievement drive 4. Stimulating communicative skills and creativity

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Presentation Transcript
aims of the presentation
Aims of the Presentation

1. Educating interest in the history of the Motherland

2. Broadening and educating the mind

3. Educating achievement drive

4. Stimulating communicative skills and creativity

5. Improving all types of communicative activity in English: speaking, writing, listening, reading

steps
Steps

Step 1:

  • Choosing the topic of the project
  • Exploring the subject
  • Choosing methods and sources of information

Step 2:

  • Planning
  • Planning the time limits
  • Consultations with the teacher

Step 3:

  • Gathering information
  • Discussing information with the teacher
  • Choosing the most interesting facts
  • Analyzing the facts
  • Making the presentation
facts
Facts
  • The Battle of Borodino on September 7, 1812, was the largest and bloodiest single-day action of the French invasion of Russia and all Napoleonic Wars
  • The French Grande Armée under Emperor Napoleon I

attacked the Imperial Russian Army of General Mikhail Kutuzov near the village of Borodino, west of the town of Mozhaysk, and eventually captured the main positions on the battlefield, but failed to destroy the Russian army despite heavy losses.

  • The Russian retreat opened the way for the French to occupy Moscow on September 14
the battle
The Battle
  • The Russian commander, Mikhail Kutuzov, the Rayevski Redoubt in the centre right of the line and three open arrow-shaped ' Bagration fletches' to the left - about 115,000 men and 630 cannon.
  • Napoleon came to the battle with125,000 men and 587 cannon;but the Russian defenses were too strong when he ordered a frontal assault straight at the Russians.
  • The French General Joachim Murat directed a joint cavalry and infantry attack that by early afternoon had broken through the Russian line and seized the Rayevski Redoubt. But the Russians committed their reserves and the battle continued.
  • A Russian counter-attack was broken by artillery; at night, both sides broke away and the Russian forces retreated, at first only a few miles, but later that night they began to withdraw all the way past Moscow.
conclusions
Conclusions
  • The Russians suffered about 45,000 casualties, including KnyazPyotrIvanovichBagration

commander of the 2nd Russian army.

The French lost about 30,000 men.

  • With the Russians retreating in two columns towards Semolino, Napoleon was free to advance and capture Moscow on September 14. Napoleon finally occupied Moscow.
  • Although the Russian army was badly damaged, it survived to fight again and, in the end, drove Napoleon out of Russia.
  • Napoleon returned to France with only 23,000 men. The French army never fully recovered from the losses suffered in Russia.
the state borodino museum
The State Borodino Museum
  • The entire battlefield - more than 100 km-is now the State Borodino Military-Historical Museum-Preserve.
  • It includes a museum and some monuments to generals and divisions

Bagration’s Grave

  • The museum includes also memorials to Soviet soldiers who died in a second Borodino battle was in World War II
the state borodino museum1
The State Borodino Museum

Kutuzov’s headquarters is marked by an obelisk in the village Gorki.

panorama museum of borodino in moscow
Panorama museum of Borodino in Moscow

Triumphal Arc, a monument to the heroes of Patriotic War of of 1812. The Arc was designed by a famous architect Osip Bovet and built in 1827-1834

questions
Questions
  • When did the French and Russian army meet in a

bloody one-day battle near the village of Borodino?

2. What was the end of the Borodino battle?

3. What does the Borodino Military-Historical Museum- Preserve include?

4. How is Kutuzov’s headquarters marked?

answers
Answers
  • The French and Russian army met in a bloody one-day battle near the village of Borodino on 26 August (7 September) 1812.
  • After the Battle of Borodino the Russian army retreated and was badly damaged, but it survived to fight again and, in the end, drove Napoleon out of Russia.
  • The State Borodino Military-Historical Museum includes a museum and monuments to generals and divisions, also memorials to Soviet soldiers who died in a second Borodino battle was in World War II.
  • Kutuzov’s headquarters is marked by an obelisk in the village Gorki.