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Treatment – does it work?
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  1. Treatment – does it work? • Why is this question important? • 12% of children • Treatments cost more than 1.5 billion • Want to help

  2. How do we know about “effectiveness?’ • Comprehensive reviews • Meta-analysis • Effect size = a common number which allows comparison across diverse studies • Casey & Berman (1985) • Weisz et al (1987) • Kazdin et al. (1990) • Some limitations to meta-analytic data

  3. Differences between treatment research and naturally occurring treatment • Population • Heterogenous vs. homogenous • Multiple problems vs. one problem • Training of therapists • Interactions with schools & parents • Time of treatment

  4. APA’s response to this problem • Task force on empirically validated treatments • Developed specific criteria (see outline)

  5. Treatments meeting these criteria • Conduct disorder • ADHD • Anxiety & Depression • Autism • Enuresis & Encopresis • Eating disorders • Parent training for ODD • Pain manangement

  6. Review for last exam • Some multiple choice, still some essays • Topics: • Conduct disorders • Eating disorders • Health related issues (sleep, enuresis, encopresis, chronic illnesses) • Anxiety disorders • Child abuse • treatment