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Studying Mark. (with non-christians in mind). Important Points?. “ The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God ” (vs. 1) Gospel - the true “ good news ” The Son of God - slap to Roman view of the emperor The good news of Jesus begins with OT prophecies (vs. 2-3)

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studying mark
Studying Mark
  • (with non-christians in mind)
important points
Important Points?
  • “The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God” (vs. 1)
    • Gospel - the true “good news”
    • The Son of God - slap to Roman view of the emperor
  • The good news of Jesus begins with OT prophecies (vs. 2-3)
    • Combination of Ex. 23.20, Mal. 3.1, Isa. 40.3
  • In Mark, events happen “immediately”
    • Implication? Power, authority.
questions about text
Questions about text?
  • Why did John dress funny and eat weird food? (vs. 6)
  • What is the baptism of the Holy Spirit? (vs. 8)
  • Why was Jesus baptized? (vs. 9)
  • What’s the kingdom of God? (vs. 15)
  • What’s the Sabbath day? (vs. 21)
  • Why didn’t he allow the demons or healed man to speak? (vs. 25, 34, 44)
  • What did Moses command? (vs. 44)
answers to questions
Answers to Questions?
  • Why did John dress funny and eat weird food? (vs. 6)
    • Wilderness man
    • That’s how Elijah acted (2 Kings 1.8)
      • Malachi 4.5
      • Mark 9.9-13
answers to questions1
Answers to Questions?
  • What’s the baptism of the Holy Spirit? (vs. 8)
    • Spirit - “breath, wind”
    • Isa. 63.11-14, 32.15-16, 44.3
answers to questions2
Answers to Questions?
  • Why was Jesus baptized? (vs. 9)
    • To signal the beginning of his ministry
    • To indicate that he shares the plight of his people?
answers to questions3
Answers to Questions?
  • What’s the “kingdom of God”? (vs. 15)
    • Jewish conception: the world will become Jewish!
    • Jesus’ point: The world will be fixed!
      • God will reign and display his power (9.1)
      • God will be united with his people (14.25)
      • Humble, lowly people enter it (10.14)
answers to questions4
Answers to Questions?
  • What’s the Sabbath day?
    • God rested on the 7th day of creation (Gen. 2.2)
    • The day of rest under the LOM (Ex. 20.8)
    • An opportunity to remember slavery (Deut. 5.15)
answers to questions5
Answers to Questions?
  • Why didn’t he allow the demons or healed man to speak? (vs. 25, 34, 44)
    • Jesus didn’t need the testimony of demons!
    • Perhaps Jesus didn’t want the popularity of the people (vs. 45)
    • “My hour has not yet come” (Jn. 2.4)
answers to questions6
Answers to Questions?
  • What did Moses command? (vs. 44)
    • Leviticus 14.2-31
studying mark1
Studying Mark
  • (with non-christians in mind)
important points1
Important Points?
  • Jesus has power over sin, as well as sickness, and spirits (2.5)
    • Sickness - 1.31, 1.42
    • Spirits - 1.25
    • Sin - 2.5
    • In OT, healing of disease was often a demonstration of forgiveness (Ps. 103.3, 147.3, Is. 19.22)
    • Every healing is a driving back of the consequences of sin!
important points2
Important Points?
  • Jesus called the outcasts (2.14)
    • Jewish tax collectors were excommunicated from synagogue, disqualified as a judge or witness, and entire family was disgraced!
    • Fish were taxed in 1st century Roman empire
    • Possible Levi knew the fishermen Jesus called?
    • Discipleship pictured as dramatic response!
important points3
Important Points?
  • Jesus ate with outcasts (2.15)
    • “Sinners” a technical Pharisaical term referring to inferior Jews
    • Pharisees were ritually impure by eating with commoners
    • Jesus’ actions foreshadow coming Kingdom of God (14.25)
important points4
Important Points?
  • Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath (2.28)
    • Sabbath was created for man: refreshment, remembrance
    • Son of man is Lord of it
  • Jesus was misunderstood by his own family (3.21)
    • Why record this if not true???
    • More evidence for the inspiration of Mark!
important points5
Important Points?
  • Jesus accepts believers as family (3.34-35)
    • Kinship to God is determined by godly action
    • People with common purpose and lifestyle make up God’s family
potential questions
Potential Questions?
  • Who were the Pharisees? (2.16)
  • What’s Jesus teaching about cloth and wine? (2.21-22)
  • What was Jesus’ point about the grain on the Sabbath? (2.24)
  • Do we still have demon possession today? (3.11, 15)
  • What’s the blasphemy of the Holy Spirit? (3.29)
how to answer
How to Answer?
  • Who were the Pharisees?
    • Conservative, blue-collar Jews
    • Most prominent sect
    • Believed in an afterlife, resurrection
    • Believed in the written (Torah) and oral law (Talmud)
how to answer1
How to answer?
  • What’s Jesus teaching about cloth and wine? (2.21-22)
    • OT only gave one mandatory day for fasting (Lev. 23.26-32)
    • Fasting here probably an expression of repentance designed to hasten coming redemption
    • Analogy: it is not fitting to use old things for new things
    • The old ways of John’s disciples and Pharisees are not fitting for the time of Jesus
how to answer2
How to Answer?
  • What was Jesus’ point about the grain on the Sabbath? (2.24)
    • The action itself was legitimate (Deut. 23.25)
    • Reaping on the Sabbath prohibited (Ex. 34.21)
    • Jesus’ point NOT: I can break my own laws because I’m God!
    • Point seems to be: the Pharisee’s stringent tradition exceeds the intention of the law
how to answer3
How to Answer?
  • Do we still have demon possession today? (3.11, 15)
    • Only examples in the gospels and Acts
    • Examples seem to highlight power of God’s message (1.27)
  • What’s the blasphemy of the Holy Spirit?
    • Rejecting the very source of life
    • God cannot forgive when we do not desire it!
    • Jesus makes this point in response to the scribes
studying mark2
Studying Mark
  • (with non-christians in mind)
important points6
Important Points?
  • The kingdom of God starts with the sower: God (vs. 3-9)
    • Vs. 1-34 is largest unit devoted entirely to Jesus’ teachings
    • Parable of the sower, not the soils (Matt. 13.18)
    • Common for farmers to sow seed without first plowing
    • Point: God spreads message of the kingdom everywhere, with differing results
important points7
Important Points?
  • The kingdom of God illuminates the world (vs. 21-25)
    • What’s the purpose of a lamp? To shine out!
    • God (through the coming of Jesus) makes hidden things visible
important points8
Important Points?
  • The kingdom of God grows discreetly (vs. 26-29)
    • Mark alone records this parable
    • Counters popular Jewish idea that the kingdom would come in an instant
    • “By itself,”“knows not how” = mysterious, unnoticed
    • God’s work grows slowly but steadily until the harvest
important points9
Important Points?
  • The kingdom of God starts small, but grows big (vs. 30-32)
    • Jesus’ messianic rule begins in a small, unnoticed way - mustard seed
    • Eventually, the kingdom of God grows to outstrip every other kingdom in glory and power
    • Birds nesting in branches illustrate God blessing it (Ez. 17.22-24)
important points10
Important Points?
  • Jesus’ power over nature (vs. 35-41)
    • Story occurs on same day of parable teaching
    • SOG - 696 ft. below sea level. Sudden storms not unusual!
    • Jesus’ lack of concern vs. panic of disciples
    • Story illustrative of what “faith” is about
    • Unspoken answer to disciples’ question: the Son of God (1.1, 11)
potential questions1
Potential questions?
  • What is a parable? (vs. 2)
  • Measuring, given, taken away? (vs. 24-25)
  • Why was Jesus so secretive about the meaning of his parables? (vs. 11, 34)
how to answer4
How to answer?
  • What is a parable? (vs. 2)
    • Parabole - “a narrative or saying of varying length, designed to illustrate a truth, especially through comparison or simile” (BDAG)
    • “A comparison that places the known beside the unknown” - Paul Earnhart
    • Stories, sayings, and similitudes which uncover spiritual truth when pondered
slide30
What is a parable? (vs. 2)
    • Parables generally teach one basic truth, but may have significant sub-points
    • Not unique to the gospels (Hosea 12.10, Psalm 78.2)
    • Large portion (approx. 1/3) of synoptic gospels made up of parables
how to answer5
How to answer?
  • Measuring, given, taken away? (vs. 24-25)
    • Hearing constantly emphasized (4.3, 9, 12, 23, 24)
    • The more you want to “hear,” the more rich teaching from God you will uncover
    • Self-reliant, hard-hearted people will lost what knowledge of God they have
how to answer6
How to answer?
  • Why was Jesus so secretive about the meaning of his parables? (vs. 11, 34)
    • Not because he wanted to block faith! (1 Tim. 2.4)
    • Quote from Is. 6.9-10 describing hard hearts of Israel
    • Parables harden the hard-hearted and soften the humbly-curious (Mk. 12.12, 4.10)
    • The “secret” is given to those who want it enough to go up and ask!
studying mark3
Studying Mark
  • (with non-christians in mind)
important points11
Important Points?
  • Jesus vs. Satanic forces (5.1-15)
    • Demons hurt, kill, and destroy (vs. 5, 13)
    • Jesus shows mercy and rescues (vs. 13, 15, 19)
    • Picture of life under sin vs. life under Jesus
important points12
Important Points?
  • Even the demons believe and shudder! (5.7, Js. 2.19)
    • Notice terror of demon! Evil anticipating evil (vs. 7)
    • Demon acted on his terror by begging to inhabit something else (vs. 12)
    • Not enough to simply know that Jesus is Son of God
    • Not enough to simply be in awe of Jesus
important points13
Important Points?
  • Faith, fear, and power of Jesus (vs. 21-43)
    • Jesus in no great hurry to heal Jairus’ daughter
    • Woman was unclean under Mosaic law (Lev. 15.25-28)
    • What she touched became unclean (Lev. 15.19-27)
    • Jesus makes her clean instead of becoming unclean himself!
important points14
Important Points?
  • Faith, fear, and power of Jesus (vs. 21-43)
    • Faith is the antidote to fear (vs. 36)
    • Faith brings you into God’s family (vs. 34)
    • Disbelief separates you from power of Jesus (vs. 40)
potential questions2
Potential Questions?
  • What does “Legion” mean? (vs. 9)
  • Why were the townspeople so afraid? (vs. 15)
  • Why does Jesus tell the man to spread the news? (vs. 19-20)
  • What’s a “ruler of the synagogue”? (vs. 22)
  • Why does Jesus embarrass/terrify this woman? (vs. 33)
how to answer7
How to answer?
  • What does “Legion” mean? (vs. 9)
    • Unit in Roman army - 6,000 at full strength
    • Possession of 2,000 pigs verifies claim of strength
  • Why were the townspeople so afraid? (vs. 15)
    • Jesus = incredible power they didn’t understand
    • If Jesus could control the uncontrollable man... ???
    • Contrast to the healed man (vs. 17)
how to answer8
How to answer?
  • Why does Jesus tell the man to spread the news? (vs. 19)
    • Primarily Gentile region (vs. 11)
    • Perhaps Decapolis region did not pose same danger as Galilee?
how to answer9
How to answer?
  • What’s the “ruler of the synagogue”? (vs. 22)
    • Synagogue - gathering place for worship/instruction
    • Jewish layman who presided over syn. affairs
    • Responsible for organizing teaching and services
    • Most were Pharisees
    • Fall at feet humble action for important man (vs. 22)
how to answer10
How to answer?
  • Why did Jesus embarrass/terrify this woman? (vs. 33)
    • Fearful to admit condition and making others unclean
    • To publicly demonstrate the consequences of faith
    • To prove to crowd (and Jairus) that faith-full people can be healed past point of normal hope!
    • Jairus was not thinking about resurrection (vs. 23, 36)
studying mark4
Studying Mark
  • (with non-christians in mind)
important points15
Important Points
  • Unbelief blinds to obvious truth (6.1-6)
    • Throwback to Jer. 11
    • Jesus prevented from performing miracles
    • Miracles alone don’t convince skeptics
    • Story more evidence for truth of gospel
important points16
Important Points
  • Message of kingdom continues to spread (6.7-13)
    • Scene resembles the Exodus (Ex. 12.11)
    • Apostles signs of peace, defenselessness, trust, urgency
    • Jews would routinely shake dust off feet after leaving Gentile territory
important points17
Important Points
  • The kingdom requires sacrifice (6.14-28)
    • John denounces personal lifestyle of a ruler (18)
    • John imprisoned (17) and beheaded (27) because of stand
    • Herod Antipas makes no sacrifice - stark contrast
important points18
Important Points
  • Jesus has power to nourish (6.30-44)
    • Willing at any time (34)
    • Motivated by compassion (34)
    • Can supply whatever need (35)
    • Can work with limited resources (38)
    • “Green grass” (39) possible reference to Ps. 23
    • Reminiscent of God feeding wilderness Israelites
important points19
Important Points
  • Jesus continues to confirm his deity (6.45-56)
    • 4th watch was between 3:00 am - 6:00 am
    • Disciples struggle to oar, Jesus almost passes by
    • Echo of Job 9.9, 11
    • Disciples bewilderment sign of hard heart
    • Heals merely by fringe of garment
potential questions3
Potential questions?
  • Why did hometown reject him?
  • Who was Herod?
  • Why wasn’t Herod’s relationship “lawful”?
  • What’s a denarii?
how to answer11
How to Answer
  • Why did hometown reject him?
    • Had never noticed Jesus’ unusual attributes (2)
    • Possible rumor of illegitimacy (3)
    • Could not see past his lowly, physical nature (3)
    • Gospel itself is not sophisticated or impressive (1 Cor. 1.26)
how to answer12
How to answer?
  • Who was Herod?
    • Herod Antipas - 7th son of Herod the Great
    • Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, not technically king
    • Lost power in A.D. 39 after trying to take control
    • Josephus - death was seen by Jews as punishment for killing John
how to answer13
How to answer?
  • Why wasn’t Herod’s relationship lawful?
    • Herod divorced wife, Herodias divorced husband
    • Violation of Lev. 18.16
    • 1st principle: unlawful divorce means you’re still married
    • 2nd principle: when in unlawful relationship, leave it!
how to answer14
How to answer?
  • What’s a denarii?
    • One day’s wage for common laborer
    • “200 denarii” - no way we can afford this