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The Historical Reliability Of The Bible. By David Dann. By David Dann. Historical Reliability of the Bible. “The entirety of Your word is truth, And every one of Your righteous judgments endures for-ever” (Psalm 119:160--NKJV). Historical Reliability of the Bible.

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    1. The Historical Reliability Of The Bible By David Dann By David Dann

    2. Historical Reliability of the Bible “The entirety of Your word is truth, And every one of Your righteous judgments endures for-ever” (Psalm 119:160--NKJV).

    3. Historical Reliability of the Bible “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteous-ness” (2 Timothy 3:16).

    4. Historical Reliability of the Bible “…knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for proph-ecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit” (2 Peter 1:20-21).

    5. Historical Reliability of the Bible “However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come” (John 16:13).

    6. Historical Reliability of the Bible “…how that by revelation He made known to me the mystery (as I have briefly written already, by which, when you read, you may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ), which in other ages was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to His holy apostles and prophets” (Eph. 3:3-5).

    7. Historical Reliability of the Bible “Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth” (John 17:17).

    8. Historical Reliability of the Bible • The Bible—rooted in history, but not a text-book of history. • Is it historically accurate? • Bible vs. Higher Criticism.

    9. Historical Reliability of the Bible “Suddenly a vast panoply of divine deeds and events recorded in Scripture are no longer regarded as having actually happened. Not only, for example, do the six days of creation, the historical fall in Eden, and the flood seem to us historically untrue, but even more the majority of divine deeds in the biblical history of the Hebrew people become what we choose to call symbols rather than plain old historical facts…these ‘acts’ vanish from the plane of historical reality and enter the never-never land of ‘religious interpretation’ by the Hebrew people.” Langdon Gilkey, (Professor of Theology, University of Chicago)

    10. Historical Reliability of the Bible • The Bible—rooted in history, but not a text-book of history. • Is it historically accurate? • Bible vs. Higher Criticism. • Do the facts support the faith?

    11. Historical Reliability of the Bible • The Bible—rooted in history, but not a text-book of history. • Is it historically accurate? • Archaeology & secular history confirm the his-torical accuracy of the Bible. • General confirmation. • Specific confirmation.

    12. General Confirmation of O.T.

    13. General Confirmation of O.T. • The Flood (Genesis 6-9).

    14. General Confirmation of O.T. • The Flood (Genesis 6-9). • Widespread Famine (Genesis 12:10-20; 42:1-4; 43:1-2).

    15. General Confirmation of O.T. • The Flood (Genesis 6-9). • Widespread Famine (Genesis 12:10-20; 42:1-4; 43:1-2). • Large-scale migration. Beni Hassan Wall Paintings of Asian Semitics in Egypt

    16. General Confirmation of O.T. • The Flood (Genesis 6-9). • Widespread Famine (Genesis 12:10-20; 42:1-4; 43:1-2). • Large-scale migration. • Patriarchal names. • Abraham’s behavior (Genesis 12:11-13; 16:1-3). Code Of Hammurabi

    17. General Confirmation of O.T. • Stories involving Isaac, Jacob, & Esau. • Birthright (Genesis 25:29-34). • Oral Blessing (Genesis 27:1-40). • Household Idols (Genesis 31:17-42). Nuzi Tablets

    18. General Confirmation of O.T. • Stories involving Isaac, Jacob, & Esau. • Story of Joseph (Genesis 37:28; 41:39-41).

    19. General Confirmation of O.T. • Stories involving Isaac, Jacob, & Esau. • Story of Joseph (Genesis 37:28; 41:39-41). • Egypt’s treatment of Israel & Moses’ census (Exodus 5:6-13; Numbers 1-4). Thutmose III

    20. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • Geography of Old Testament.

    21. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • Geography of Old Testament. • Hazor (Joshua 11:1). • Megiddo (Joshua 12:21). • Jerusalem (Joshua 10:1). • Lachish (Joshua 10:3). • Dor (Joshua 11:2). • Gaza (Genesis 10:19). • Karnaim (Genesis 14:5). • Canaan (Genesis 11:31). Ebla Tablets

    22. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • Geography of Old Testament. • Hazor (Joshua 11:1). • Megiddo (Joshua 12:21). • Jerusalem (Joshua 10:1). • Lachish (Joshua 10:3). • Dor (Joshua 11:2). • Gaza (Genesis 10:19). • Karnaim (Genesis 14:5). • Canaan (Genesis 11:31). • Ur of Chaldees (Genesis 11:27-28; 12:1; Hebrews 11:9). Ur of the Chaldees

    23. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • Geography of Old Testament. • Haran (Genesis 11:31-32). • Hebron (Genesis 23:2). • Beersheba (Genesis 21:31). • Shechem (Genesis 12:6). • Laish (Judges 18:29). • Nineveh (Genesis 10:11). • Ekron (Joshua 13:3). Nineveh

    24. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • Geography of Old Testament. • Haran (Genesis 11:31-32). • Hebron (Genesis 23:2). • Beersheba (Genesis 21:31). • Shechem (Genesis 12:6). • Laish (Judges 18:29). • Nineveh (Genesis 10:11). • Ekron (Joshua 13:3). • Jericho (Joshua 2:1). Jericho

    25. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • Geography of Old Testament. • Copper in Canaan (Deut-eronomy 8:9). • Solomon’s horse stables in Megiddo (1 Kings 9:19). Megiddo Horse Stables

    26. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • Geography of Old Testament. • Copper in Canaan (Deut-eronomy 8:9). • Solomon’s horse stables in Megiddo (1 Kings 9:19). • Jeroboam’s “high place” in Dan (1 Kings 12:26-31). “High Place” at Dan

    27. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament.

    28. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • Merneptah Stele mentions Israel (13th century B.C.). • Earlier reference to “Asher” (14th century B.C.). Merneptah Stele

    29. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • Moabite Stone of Mesha refers to Israelite king Omri (1 Kings 16:16) and his son (1 Kings 21:25). Moabite Stone

    30. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • Shalmaneser III makes reference to Hazael’s usurp-ation of Ben-Hadad (2 Kings 8:15). Shalmaneser III

    31. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III speaks of Jehu’s tribute to Assyria (2 Kings 9:1-10). Black Obelisk

    32. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • Records of Tiglath Pileser III mention Menahem, Pekah, and Hoshea (2 Kings 15:29-30). Tiglath Pileser III

    33. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • Records of Sennacherib refer to Hezekiah’s tribute to Assyria (2 Kings 18:14-16). Sennacherib

    34. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • Taylor Prism of Sennacherib harmonizes with Biblical account of his unsuccessful siege of Jerusalem (2 Kings 18; 19:35-36). Taylor Prism

    35. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • Hezekiah’s tunnel (2 Kings 20:20). Hezekiah’s Tunnel

    36. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • Shebna’s tomb (Isaiah 22:15). Tomb of Shebna

    37. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • Babylonian king Merodach-Baladan (2 Kings 20:12). Merodach-Baladan

    38. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • The records of king Esar-haddon of Assyria agree with Biblical accounts (2 Kings 20:36-37; 2 Chronicles 33:10-11). Esarhaddon

    39. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon (2 Kings 25). Nebuchadnezzar’s Palace

    40. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon (2 Kings 25). • The Babylonian Chronicle mentions Nebuchadnezzar’s removal of Jehoiachin as king of Judah (2 Kings 24:17). Babylonian Chronicle

    41. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • Seals inscribed with the names of Gemariah, king Jehoiakim’s scribe (Jeremiah 36:10), Baruch, who was Jeremiah’s scribe (Jeremiah 36:4), Gedaliah the governor (Jeremiah 40:5), and Ishmael, the son of Nethaniah (Jeremiah 41:2) who assassinated him. Gemariah Gedaliah Baruch

    42. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • The list of rations king Evil-Merodach appointed for Jehoiachin while captive in Babylon (2 Kings 25:27-30). Jehoiachin’s Rations

    43. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • The Cyrus Cylinder confirms king Cyrus of Persia and his lenient stance toward captive nations (2 Chronicles 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-4). Cyrus Cylinder

    44. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • The Behistun Rock confirms the reign of Darius the Great (Ezra 5-6). Behistun Rock

    45. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • The Persian king Ahasuerus of the book of Esther has been identified in secular history as “Xerxes,” who was succeeded by his son, Artaxerxes (Neh. 2:1). Xerxes (Ahasuerus)

    46. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • People of the Old Testament. • The Elephantine papyri confirm the existence of Sanballat of Samaria (Neh. 4:1), while the Zeno papyri confirm the existence of Tobiah the Ammonite (Neh. 4:3). Zeno Papyri

    47. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • Events of the Old Testament.

    48. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • Events of the Old Testament. • First century A.D. Jewish historian Josephus wrote of evidence of destruction of Sodom & Gomorrah and stated that traces of the destroyed cities could still be seen in his day, while the first century A.D. Roman historian Tacitus speaks of these cities as having been “consumed by lightning” and also affirms that their ruins were visible in his day. Cornelius Tacitus

    49. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • Events of the Old Testament. • Widespread worship of the pagan deities Baal (Judges 2:13), Dagon, and Ashtaroth (1 Samuel 31:10) in Canaan. Baal Dagon Ashtaroth

    50. Specific Confirmation of O.T. • Events of the Old Testament. • Three phases of the Babylonian captivity of Judah (Dan. 1:1-6; Ezek. 1:1-3; 2 Chron. 36:15-21) have been confirmed through the “Bayblonian Chronicle,” the “Chronicles of the Chaldean Kings,” and the “Lachish Letters.” Babylonian Chronicle Lachish Letters