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TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX PowerPoint Presentation
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TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX. CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004.

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TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Egypt’s National Strategy Study (NSS)on theClean Development Mechanism (CDM)Presented by:Dr. Attia Saad El-DinDr. Yosry BarakatTIMS

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TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Project Execution

Energy & Environment Research Center (E2RC)/

Tabbin Institute for Metallurgical Studies (TIMS)

Under Umbrella of

Climate Change Unit / Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA)

In Cooperation With

The World Bank (WB) & Ernst + Partners Ltd. (EBP)Government of Switzerland

slide3

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Content

  • Introduction
  • Conventional & CDM Project Inputs & Outputs
  • CDM Strategy Objectives
  • CDM Benefits in Egypt
  • CDM Barriers in Egypt
  • Institutional Setup
  • Eligibility Criteria
  • Ranking Criteria
  • CDM Projects Portfolio
  • CDM Projects Pipeline
introduction

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Introduction
  • One of the mechanisms for international GHG abatement is the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), as described in Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol:
    • In short, an Annex I country (or firm) pays for GHG mitigation in a developing country through CDM projects and purchases the resulting measurable reduction of GHG emission in the host country.
    • A CDM project has to comply with the criteria set by the Kyoto Protocol and has to be approved by the host and investor countries.
    • The investing paying country obtains certified emission reductions, which it can use to comply with its Kyoto commitment.
slide5

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Equity Investment

Conventional

Project

Financial Returns

Conventional Project Inputs and Outputs

slide6

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Other Development Benefits

Equity Investment

CDM

Project

Carbon Credits

Financial Returns

Carbon Investment

CDM Project Inputs and Outputs

cdm strategy objectives

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

CDM Strategy Objectives
  • Establishing a national mechanism for the selection, coordination, facilitation and implementation of CDM projects.
  • Identifying the roles of the different Egyptian institutions within the CDM project cycle.
  • Preparing a pipeline of CDM projects.
  • Assessing GHG reduction potential in Egypt and the competitiveness in the international GHG market.
  • Identifying national capacity building needs.
cdm benefits in egypt

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

CDM Benefits in Egypt
  • Financial Flow
  • Improvement of Local Environment
  • Technology Transfer
  • Creation of Jobs
slide9

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Barriers that could be addressed by CDM investment

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TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

Existing National Governmental Institutions Participating in the CDM

Ministry of State for Environ-mental Affairs

(MSEA)

Ministry

of

Petroleum

(MOP)

Ministry

of

Electricity

& Energy

(MEE)

Ministry of Industry & Technological Development

(MITD)

Ministry of

Agriculture and Land Reclamation

(MOALR)

Ministry

of

Transport

(MOT)

  • Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA), Climate Change Unit
  • Environmental Protection Fund (EPF)
  • The Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC)
  • Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS)
  • New & Renewable Energy Authority (NREA)
  • Organization of Energy Planning (OEP)
  • Tabbin Institute for Metallurgical Studies (TIMS)
  • Egyptian Accreditation Council (EGAC)
  • The Central Department for Afforestation & Environment

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

slide11

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Existing Private Sector Institutions and NGOs with CDM Potential

Federation of Egyptian Industries (FEI)

Private Audit/ Consulting Firms

World Energy Council (WEC)

Environmental NGOs

The Egyptian Energy Service Business Association (EESBA)

Energy Efficiency Council (EEC)

criteria for cdm projects

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Criteria for CDM Projects
  • The CDM operates basically on a project level
  • The projects meeting essential (Mandatory) criteria (ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA):
    • Real and measurable reduction of GHG emission compared with baseline scenario
    • Simple payback period ought to be more than two years
    • The proposed CDM project must be in areas where no national development plans have been formulated
criteria indicators for ranking and prioritising cdm projects

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Criteria Indicators for Ranking and Prioritising CDM Projects
  • Point system based on allocated weight and score for each of the following indicators:
    • Economic benefits
    • Environmental benefits
    • Social Benefits
economic benefit parameters
Value added

Infrastructure

Export potential

Import substitution

Employment

Salaries and taxes

Foreign investment

Payback period

State of technology

Energy savings

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Economic Benefit Parameters
environmental parameters

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Environmental Parameters
  • Overall environmental performance
  • Environmental management systems
  • Implementation of eco-efficiency and cleaner production techniques
  • Self-monitoring and auditing
social parameters

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Social Parameters
  • Percentage of employees covered by social insurance
  • Percentage of female employees to total
  • Presence of programmes for vocational training
  • Awards bonuses and other incentives programmes
  • Presence of programmes for summer internship & training
  • Social & fringe benefits
slide17

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

CDM Pilot Projects Pipeline

slide18

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Overview of the Project Portfolio

slide19

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Overview of the Project Portfolio

slide20

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Overview of the Project Portfolio

slide21

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Overview of the Project Portfolio

slide22

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Overview of the Project Portfolio

cdm projects pipeline

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM Projects Pipeline

Project #1

Cogeneration Project of 3.5 MW Capacity at Misr Elmonifia Company (Textile)

Project #2

Control System and Energy Saving Equipment at Zenotex

Project #3

Installing Dedicated CNG Engines to Replace Low Efficiency Diesel Engines

Project #4

Establishment of Forest Plantations and Shelterbelts Around 10th of Ramadan City

Project #5

Afforestation of a Part of Cairo-Aswan Highway

Project #6

CDM 60 MW Wind Farm in Comparison with BAU 45 MW Steam Turbine (Mixed Fuel)

Project #7

Organic Solid Waste Digestion

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

conclusions from the national strategy study on cdm in egypt

TIMS/EEAA CD4CDM- Second National Workshop (Phase II) UNEP RISO / APEX

CDM in Egypt Cairo, January 12-13, 2004

Conclusions from the National Strategy Study on CDM in Egypt
  • There is a significant potential for CDM in Egypt:
    • Projects
    • People and institutions
  • CDM opens business opportunities and benefits to Egyptian stakeholders
  • Steps needed to make use of this potential:
    • Capacity building
    • Institutional setting
    • Pilot projects