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CDEMA &. THE REGIONAL REPONSE . MECHANISM. (The RRM).

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The regional reponse

CDEMA &

THE REGIONAL REPONSE

MECHANISM

(The RRM)


The regional reponse

No State, no matter how powerful, can by its own efforts alone make itself invulnerable to today’s threats. Every State requires the cooperation of other States to make itself secure. It is in every State’s interest, accordingly, to cooperate with other States to address their most pressing threats, because doing so will maximize the chances of reciprocal cooperation to address its own threat priorities.”

(Report of United Nations High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change December 2004 – A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility.)


What is the rrm
WHAT IS THE RRM?

  • The Regional Response Mechanism (RRM) is an arrangement for the coordination of disaster response among CDEMA Participating States, Regional and International Agencies

  • Seeks to deliver speedy response and effective and efficient use and management of resources

  • Tried and tested mechanism for emergency coordination – familiarity of actors and processes.


The regional response mechanism an overview
The Regional Response Mechanism: An Overview

  • The RRM is:

    • A number of Plans, Procedures & Guidelines

    • A group of Response Units, agencies and organizations

    • A collection of Agreements, Memorandum of Understanding and Protocols

  • Executed by the CDEMA Coordinated Unit on behalf of CDEMA Participating States


Components of the regional response mechanism
Components of the Regional Response Mechanism

  • The Regional Coordination Centre (RCC)

  • The Regional Coordination Plan (RCP)

  • The Regional Telecommunications Plan

  • Response Teams

    • The CARICOM Disaster Relief Unit (CDRU)

    • The Rapid Needs Assessment Team (RNAT)

    • The Regional Urban Search & Rescue Light Level Team (USAR LL)

  • The Eastern Caribbean Donor Group (ECDG)

  • The North Western Caribbean Donor Group (NWCDG)

  • National Disaster Plans, Specialized Plans, etc.

  • Regional Warehouses

  • MOU, Acts, SOPs



Coordination of the rrm
Coordination of the RRM

  • CDEMA CU coordinates the Regional Response Mechanism (RRM) in the Caribbean

  • CDEMA CU is the focal point for effecting the plan with the support of other partners (donors, specialized agencies etc.)

  • CDEMA CU solicits assistance on behalf of and for its 18 Participating States

  • Response philosophy: CDEMA's response to natural and technological disasters will be dictated by the type, magnitude and complexity of the emergency and by the Participating State(s) capacity to respond


Triggering the mechanism
Triggering the Mechanism

  • The Regional Coordination Plan defines the framework for effecting the multi-lateral agreements of CDEMA PS to assist each other in times of disasters

  • Organized in 2 Parts:

    • Basic Plan: triggering mechanism for activating plan (3 levels) and concept of operations

    • Functional Annexes: SOPs for specific response functions (SAR) or specialized groups (ECDG, CDRU); References (CDEMA Agreement, MOU)

  • The RCP is in support of National Plans and as such the National Plans must make provisions for triggering the RRM

  • System based on a three tiered response mechanism


Levels of response
Levels of Response

LEVEL I - Local Incident - no external assistance required

nnnnnnn

  • An incident at the local level in any of CDEMA Participating States for which resources are adequate and available

  • CDEMA CU – monitoring and information sharing


Levels of response cont d
Levels of Response Cont’d

LEVEL II- Specialized Equipment and Experts

  • Event does not overwhelm national capacity to respond but some external assistance required (e.g. Andrew - Bahamas, 1992; Debby - St Lucia, 1994, Keith - Belize, 2000, Dean – Jamaica, 2007; Ike - Turks & Caicos Islands, 2008 ; Tomas - Saint Lucia, 2010)

  • State of emergency may or may not be declared

  • CDEMA CU provides technical assistance, specialized equipment, support personnel


Levels of response cont d1
Levels of Response Cont’d

LEVEL III – Support Required

  • Event overwhelms capacity of affected State to respond.

  • Major external operation mounted. Possible request for additional support from other regions and international agencies anticipated (Hurricanes Gilbert – Jamaica, 1988, Hugo – Montserrat, 1989, Lenny – 7 Eastern Caribbean Countries, 1999, Ivan – Grenada, 2004; Haiti Earthquake - 2010)


Response teams
Response Teams

The CDRU for 2009/2010

Regional USAR LL Team

The RNAT - Saint Lucia 2010



The regional reponse

Towards Developing a Common Agenda: The Integration of Global, Regional and National Systems for Humanitarian Assistance in the Caribbean

OAS Main Building, Washington D.C.


National level coordination
National Level Coordination

The National Disaster Organization led by National Disaster Office (umbrella network of units and authorities concerned with various aspects of DM) are responsible for national coordination:

  • Through the NEOC, provides centralized coordination and control of emergency/disaster response and relief operations

  • Collaborates with local, regional and international government and NGO institutions in provision of relief assistance

  • Ensures efficient movement of supplies

  • Ensures efficient assimilation and dissemination of disaster information

  • Enters into MOU with owners and suppliers of critical infrastructure


Regional level coordination
Regional Level Coordination

CDEMA is responsible for regional coordination. CDERA’s main function:

  • To make an immediate and coordinated response to any disastrous event affecting its Participating State, once the state requests such assistance

    Other functions include:

  • Securing, collating and channelling comprehensive and reliable information on regional disasters to interested governmental and non-governmental organizations;

  • Mitigating or eliminating, as far as possible, the consequences of disasters affecting PS;

  • Promoting the establishment, enhancement and maintenance of adequate disaster response capabilities in PS; and

  • Mobilizing and coordinating disaster relief for affected PS from governmental and non-governmental organizations


Global level coordination
Global Level Coordination

  • United Nations agencies are recognized as lead for coordination among the international community.

  • Objective of humanitarian reform:

    “Humanitarian reform seeks to improve the effectiveness of humanitarian response by ensuring greater predictability, accountability and partnership. It is an ambitious effort by the international humanitarian community to reach more beneficiaries, with more comprehensive needs-based relief and protection, in a more effective and timely manner.”

    Source: http://www.humanitarianreform.org


Towards the integration of systems
Towards the Integration of Systems

  • There is a common thread linked to desired outcomes

  • Appropriate to reduce the parallelism and strengthen the interfacing of systems to form an integrated approach

  • Following figures provide a concept of global, regional and national elements of the pillars of Humanitarian reform as a basis for crafting the interface


Pillars of un global humanitarian reform

  • Humanitarian Coordinators

  • Resident Coordinators

  • CERF

  • ERF

  • GHD

  • CAP

  • NAF

  • Eleven (11) Cluster leads

Pillars of UN GlobalHumanitarian Reform

International Response Mechanism

CLUSTER APPROACH

HUMANITARIAN COORDINATORS

HUMANITARIAN FINANCING

PARTNERSHIP

1

2

3

4


Pillars of the rrm

  • RCP/MIRP

  • Technical agencies

  • Transport services

  • Multi-national, inter-agency training and exercising

1

2

3

4

Pillars of the RRM

REGIONAL RESPONSE MECHANISM

CDM CLUSTER LEADS

COORDINATORS

REGIONAL FINANCE MECHANISMS

ACTS/ POLICIES/

PLANS/TOOLS/

MOUs/SOPs/

AGREEMENTS/

JOINT

EXCERCISES

  • Head, CDEMA CU

  • Head, SRFPs (4)

  • Special Coordinator, CDRU

  • Head, ECDG

  • Health

  • Agriculture

  • Education

  • Tourism

  • Relief Policy and Donations Mgmt Policy

  • CDB (grant, loan)

  • ECDG

  • WCDG

  • EAF


National response mechanism

2

3

4

1

National Response Mechanism

NATIONAL RESPONSE MECHANISM

NATIONAL EMERGENCY RESPONSE FUNCTIONS

COORDINATORS

NATIONAL FINANCE MECHANISMS

ACTS/POLICIES/

PLANS/MOUs/

AGREEMENTS/

SOPs/NATIONAL

TOOLS &

EXCERCISES

  • National Disaster Coordinators

  • Senior officials

  • National Disaster Contingency Fund

  • NDOs

  • Gov’t ministries/ national CDM cluster leads

  • Gov’t Agencies

  • Technical agencies

  • Transport services

  • In-country training and exercising


Exercise fahum 2009
EXERCISE FAHUM 2009

This allowed CDERA the opportunity to deploy the CDRU, the Regional SAR Team & the Rapid Needs Assessment Team to the impacted state during the Exercise


The way forward
The Way Forward

CDEMA CU will continue to:

  • Act as a hub for information, consultation and coordination for the region

  • Provide Participating States and regional/international partners with a focal point for coordination

  • Conduct regional simulation/tests (FAHUM, Trade Winds, Region Rap) with key regional, intra-regional and international actors


The regional reponse

Point of Contact:

CDEMA CU

CARIBBEAN DISASTER EMERGENCY

MANAGEMENT AGENCY (CDEMA)

Building No. 1, Manor Lodge Complex

Lodge Hill, Saint Michael, BARBADOS

Tel. No. (246) 425-0386

Fax. No. (246) 425-8854

Email: cdema@cdema.org

URL: www.cdema.org


The regional reponse

THE END

ANY QUESTIONS???

YOU

THANK


The regional reponse

Coordinating the Regional Agencies in the Caribbean

BG (R) Earl Arthurs

Preparedness & Contingency Planning Specialist

Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA)

December 8, 2010


Agenda
AGENDA

  • Introduction to CARICOM IMPACS

  • IMPACS Functions

  • Coordinating the Regional Agencies

  • Implementation Arrangements

  • Training

  • Emerging Issues

  • Questions



Impacs functions
IMPACS’ FUNCTIONS

The Agency is specifically designed to administer a collective response to the Crime and Security priorities of Member States.

The Agency is headed by an Executive Director who reports to the CARICOM Council of Ministers for National Security and Law Enforcement. The Council is responsible for the policy and overall direction of the activities and programme of IMPACS. 

Some of IMPACS core functions include –

  • Implementation of actions agreed by the Council relating to crime and security;

  • Development and implementation of projects in furtherance of the Agency’s objectives;

  • Advising the Council on appropriate regional responses to Crime and Security arrangements on the basis of research and analysis;


Impacs functions cont d
IMPACS’ FUNCTIONS Cont’d

  • Providing a clearing house for relevant information in matters relating to crime and security;

  • Mobilizing resources in support of the regional Crime & Security agenda and negotiation of technical assistance;

  • Collaboration and co-ordination with national and international crime prevention and control agencies to determine trends, methodologies and strategies for crime prevention and enhancing security for the   Community;

  • Developing, in collaboration with the CARICOM Secretariat, roles, functions and Rules of Procedure for such Committees as may be established in furtherance of the regional Crime and Security agenda.


Implementing agency for crime security impacs
Implementing Agency for Crime & Security (IMPACS)

IMPACS has responsibility for the co-ordination of meetings of five Standing Committees:

  • The Standing Committee of Commissioners of Police;

  • The Standing Committee of Military Heads; 

  • The Standing Committee of Chiefs of Immigration; 

  • The Standing Committee of Chiefs of Custom; and

  • The Standing Committee of Heads of Intelligence and Financial Investigative Units


Implementation arrangements
IMPLEMENTATION ARRANGEMENTS

  • Regional Border Security Training in Collaboration with the Caribbean Center for Development Administration (CARICAD)

    • Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Implementation Agency for Crime and Security (IMPACS) and CARICAD was signed on July 31, 2008, to facilitate the harmonization and standardization of policies, practices and procedures utilized by Border Security Agencies (Immigration and Customs) across the Region.

    • This partnership provides for the facilitation of relevant training and education programmes, for border security officials within the participating Member States, to ensure the overall advancement of the goals and objectives of the security agenda of the region and to improve the levels of service delivery by regional border security personnel in performing their duties.


Training
TRAINING

  • First regional training programme for twenty two immigration officials was conducted at the Caribbean Regional Drug Law Enforcement Training Centre (REDTRAC), Jamaica from August 24t to September, 2010.

  • Second batch of twenty five officials received similar training at the Special Anti Crime Unit of Trinidad and Tobago from April 12-23, 2010

    • Programme covered the Advance Passenger Information System, Identity Fraud, CARIPASS, and Service Delivery.

  • Regional training for Customs Officers to be conducted later.

  • National in - country training for immigration officials took place in Guyana & Grenada in July, 2010.


Emerging issues
Emerging Issues

  • Determining if, when and what level of external inputs are required

  • Determining the roles and responsibilities of external response units (Command, Control, Coordination, etc.

  • Connection between plans and operations??

  • Unrealistic expectations from both external units and impacted states

  • Revisiting existing regional and international protocols

  • Timely access to emergency response resources (Proximity to the impacted areas)


The regional reponse

For more details on CARICOM Implementation Agency for Crime and Security (IMPACS) at:

www.caricomimpacs.org


The regional reponse

THE END and Security (IMPACS) at:

ANY QUESTIONS???

YOU

THANK

8/5/2014