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Communist China. The Rise of Mao Zedong. Collapse of Imperial Rule. China early 1900’s - ripe for revolution traditionalists vs. modernists Nationalists (industrialists) assume control of government -1912 Capitalists, corrupt exploited peasants Leader: Jiang Jieshi (1925).

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communist china

Communist China

The Rise of Mao Zedong

collapse of imperial rule
Collapse of Imperial Rule
  • China early 1900’s - ripe for revolution
    • traditionalists vs. modernists
  • Nationalists (industrialists) assume control of government -1912
    • Capitalists, corrupt
    • exploited peasants
    • Leader: Jiang Jieshi (1925)
chinese communist party ccp
Chinese Communist Party (CCP)

1921: creation of the CCP

  • Mao Zedong co-founder
  • Goal: implement communism
    • Peasant revolution against industrialists
  • Received advisors and supplies from Lenin
  • challenges Jiang and nationalists
chinese civil war
Chinese Civil War
  • 1930: Communists vs. Nationalists
    • Nationalists outnumber Communists 6:1
    • Nationalists more industrialized
  • 1933: Nationalists push Communists on LONG MARCH to hide in interior of China
    • 6,000 miles
    • Mao sets up camps to educate and train peasant army
  • 1936: Japan invades Manchuria/China civil war to halt to reunite to fight them off
    • civil war on hold
communists win
Communists win…
  • 1946: Civil war resumes
  • Tide turns against Nationalists due to poor economy
  • Communists #’s increase and defeat Nationalists
  • October, 1949: China becomes communist
two chinas
Two Chinas
  • Peoples Republic of China
  • Leader: MAO Zedong
  • Communist
  • Mainland China
  • Supported by USSR
  • Nationalist China (Taiwan)
  • Leader: Jiang Jieshi
  • Nationalist
    • capitalist
    • Small island off coast of mainland China
  • China and USSR refuse to recognize it
  • Supported by USSR
transformation under mao
Transformation Under Mao
  • 1949: Communist Party members under 5 million
  • Mao implements:
    • Totalitarianism
    • Communism
  • Mao :
    • Seized land from land owners and divided among peasants
    • Nationalized private companies
    • Successful in reaching targets in production of

coal, steel, and electricity.

problems under mao
Problems under Mao
  • Lack of modern technology
  • Great Leap Forward was a failure
    • Family like replaced by commune life
    • 26,000 communes of 25,000+ people
  • People in Mao’s cabinet begin to get concerned and talk….bad move
  • Mao calls for CULTURAL REVOLUTION
    • Cleansing of gov’t
    • Many arrested and publically humiliated/killed
    • Mao eventually asked to step down and he does…
  • Mao dies in 1976 leaving behind a vast communist nation with large economic problems
life after mao
Life after Mao
  • New Leader: DENG XIAOPING
  • Emphasized
    • Progress in Agricultural
    • Industry
    • Defense
    • Science and Technology
  • RESULTS:
    • Economic reforms
    • Increasing food production
    • China more open to foreign tech and invesment…a success
unexpected results
Unexpected Results
  • Gap between rich and poor increases
  • Western ideas enter China but gov’t does not adopt
    • Democracy
    • Freedoms
  • Chinese university students protest
    • Thousands arrested
    • Hundreds killed
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