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CHALLANGES AND RESPONSES FOR WATER EDUCATION IN A CHANGING ENVIRONMENT THE CHALLENGES IN THE NILE BASIN: HOW CAN NETWORKS CONTRIBUTE TO WATER CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT AMEL M. AZAB 29 TH MAY 2013. Contents. The Nile Basin Key Issues and Challanges Knowledge Management Challenges

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slide1

CHALLANGES AND RESPONSES FOR WATER EDUCATION IN A CHANGING ENVIRONMENT

  • THE CHALLENGES IN THE NILE BASIN: HOW CAN NETWORKS CONTRIBUTE TO WATER CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT
  • AMEL M. AZAB
  • 29TH MAY 2013
slide2

Contents

  • The Nile Basin
  • Key Issues and Challanges
  • Knowledge Management Challenges
  • Knowledge and Capacity Development Framework
  • Role of knowledge Networks in CD
  • Highlights from the Nile Basin Capacity Building Network
slide3

The Nile Basin

Facts

  • Area: about 3.0 million km2.
  • Area of Lakes is 81500 km2.
  • Area of swamps is 70000 km2
  • Length: more than 6000 km.
  • 11 Riparian States with 250

million people

  • 5 States are among the Ten Poorest in World.
slide4

The Nile Basin Challenges

  • Rapid population growth,
  • Instability,
  • Environmental degradation,
  • Poverty,
  • Complicated hydrology
  • Low specific yield
  • The transboundary nature of the river
  • Increasing concern about the impacts of climate change
  • Capacity Building and Knowledge Management
slide5

The Main Issue

Lack of technology or funding are no longer the main obstacles for development. The real bottleneck lies in the availability of needed capacities to address the problems in an effective and sustainable manner.

slide6

Key Questions

  • What capacities do we need, and for what?
  • Do we know what capacities we have and where are they located?
  • Are we making effective use of our existing capabilities and if not, why not?
  • How can we pool and build upon existing capacities at regional and national levels?
  • What are our real capacity challenges and how do we address them in a comprehensive
  • and integrated fashion?
slide7

Capacity & Knowledge Management Challenges for the Nile

  • The structural lack of research-capacity in the water sector
  • Limited trust and partnership
  • Little or no R&D by local experts
  • The absence of an effective operational co-operative framework
  • No contextual on-the-job training
  • The need for practical and creative solutions
  • No regional water knowledge base in the Basin
slide8

Knowledge and Capacity Development Framework

  • Main building blocks
    • Individual
    • Organisational
    • Institutional and Enabling Environment
    • Communities and Civil Society

Sector Performance

slide9

Knowledge and Capacity Development Framework (Contd.)

The individual level

Existing capacity:

Can be developed

through:

Developed capacity:

Indicator/attribute:

Factual knowledge

Understanding

Skills

Attitudes

  • Explicit knowledge:
  • Training
  • Education
  • Research
  • Tacit knowledge:
  • Apprenticeship
  • Peer learning
  • Learning-by-doing
  • Networking

Factual knowledge

Understanding

Skills

Attitudes

Technical competence

Managerial competence

Governance competence

Competence for continuous learning

slide11

Approach for Establishing a Capacity Building Network for the Nile Basin (NBCBN)

Next Node to be officially launched: South Sudan, 2014

slide12

NBCBN Tools for Capacity Development

  • Collaborative research (regional and local)
  • Research clusters around specific themes
  • Communities of practice (Cop’s)
  • ICT products
  • Communication and knowledge sharing platforms
  • Creating enabling environment for building trust, commitment and leadership
slide14

Main CD Demands for Nile basin Water professionals..........as identified in 2002 launch event

  • To focus on CD in the field of River Engineering (NBCBN-RE)
  • To work around the following regional research themes (clusters):
    • Flood Management
    • River Morphology
    • River Structures
    • Environmental Aspects of River Engineering
    • Applications of GIS and Modelling tools
    • Hydropower Development
slide15

Review of CD Demands for Nile basin Water professionals..........as identified in 2006 2nd Phase

  • Including new Research Modalites (2006-2010)
    • Regional Clusters research
    • Local Action research
    • Integrated research
    • Multidiscplinary Research
  • Including specialised training courses that supports different research Modalities (in collaboration with CB partners)
slide16

NBCBN in Numbers

  • Linked countries : 10
  • Number of Nodes : 9
  • Number of members : 500
  • Active members :250
  • Years in business : 12
  • Research Clusters : 6
  • Cop’s : 13
  • Research projects : 36
  • Workshops and events: > 50

www.nbcbn.com, www.nilebasin-knowledgemap.com

www.nilebasin-journal.com

slide17

Review of CD Demands for Nile Basin Water professionals..........as identified in 2010

Developing a Future Strategy for a Sustainable Knowledge Network for the Nile Basin

slide18

Main Future Target: Closing the Knowledge Cycle

K-Application

(Specialised Training)

K-Generation

(Research)

K-Dissemination

(Generic Training

& Education)

slide19

New Identified Demand Areas For Capacity Development of Nile Water Professionals (2014-2017)

  • In Research
      • Climate change impacts, adaptation and resilience
      • Water scarcity
      • Hydropower developement (large and mini hydropower)
      • Ecosystems and wetlands Management
      • Water supply & sanitation
      • Water Quality
      • Ground water development
slide20

In Training and Education

      • Link all Nile Basin participating universities in an Edu-network (Sub network of the NBCBN).
      • Create partnerships towards Regional Water program (s) (with connections to research clusters and local universities in the Nile basin countries)
      • Program modules (offered as short courses for network members)
      • Regular (demand driven) short courses for network members
      • Linking applied research and developed case studies with related training activities
      • New education areas, based on new COP’s and inter-disciplinairy collaboration (Climate Change , Water scarcity,…etc.)
slide21

More Challanges for the Nile Basin........

  • The need for professional capacities in different fields to support developmental projects
  • Limited group of local expertise (climate change, Hydropower, water scarcity,....)
  • Very limited effective young leadership
  • Fragmented capacity building activities on local and regional levels
  • Lack of regional and national strategies for water CD in most of the countries
  • Need for effective and innovative tools to measure CD
  • Political Instability
  • Diminishing funds and donors support
slide22

Conclusions

  • Cooperation and partnerships are the key to sustainable development of shared water resources.
  • Capacity building is a natural and continous process that should be linked to demands and real needs on different levels.
  • Soft Capacity Development should be measured according to real impacts and better performance of the water sector?
  • Equal attention to hard and soft capacites development is important to create young effective leadership.
  • Developing and evalauting national and regional CD strategies
  • Engage the private sector to support and invest in water CD
purpose of 5th symposium
Purpose of 5th Symposium

Thanks for

your attention

Amel M. Azab

Nile Basin Capacity Building Network

a_azab@nbcbn.net