Download
josep valls sol hospital cl nic n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
FISIOLOGIA DE LA UNIDAD MOTORA PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
FISIOLOGIA DE LA UNIDAD MOTORA

FISIOLOGIA DE LA UNIDAD MOTORA

3 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

FISIOLOGIA DE LA UNIDAD MOTORA

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Josep Valls Solé Hospital Clínic FISIOLOGIA DE LA UNIDAD MOTORA

  2. Concepto de unidad motora La unidad motora está formada por: una motoneurona del asta anterior, su axón y las fibras musculares que inerva

  3. Electromiografia de inserción Potencial de unidad motora

  4. Activación fisiológica del cuerpo de la motoneurona Tractos descendentes córtico- retículo- vestíbulo- rubro- espinales Interneurona Ia (antagonista) Aferentes grupo II Motoneurona alfa Ib Inhibición presináptica Interneuronas propiospinales Renshaw Activación anormal de la unidad motora Cambios en la excitabilidad neuronal después de lesión nerviosa Anormalidades en la excitabilidad de axones terminales.

  5. EPSP threshold Motor unit 1 AHP Motor unit 2 Motor unit 3 Motor unit 4 Motor unit 5 Histogram of motor unit discharges Motor response Silent period Rebound

  6. Mecanismos de rebote post-inhibición y de inhibición post-facilitación

  7. H wave MEP Supraespinal innervation dorsal root ganglion Ia fibre motor axons H wave stimulus H wave recording

  8. A C 50 ms S B ms S Figure 2

  9. Período de silencio en la musculatura tenar

  10. Size of the Vp of the thenar muscles at different levels of force Stimulus at the wrist Size of voluntary potential Stimulus at the axilla Force Kimura J. Electrical activity in voluntarily contracting muscle. Arch Neurol, 1977; 34: 85-88

  11. CHANGES OCCURRING AFTER A PERIPHERAL NERVE LESION Schwann’s cell nucleus muscle fiber node of Ranvier axon cell body basal lamina myelin Wallerian degeneration mycroglial cells K+ Ca++ Protein Na+ growing cone basal lamina tube Schwann’s cell band of Bungner

  12. Abnormal regeneration after a nerve lesion

  13. MN1 MN2 MN1 MN2 cortical motoneuron cortico- spinal tract two different muscles innervated by the same nerve two motor axons going to the same muscle spinal motoneuron motor axon muscle

  14. Ulnar nerve territory Innervation of many muscles with antagonistic functions Musculo-cutaneous nerve territory Innervation of a single large muscle muscle afferents motor axon flexor muscle

  15. EMG hypothenar 1 month Recordings of regenerating axonal activity from 6 patients who suffered ulnar nerve injury 3 months

  16. 3 months Left ulnar nerve Recording with needle in hypothenar Wrist 55.5 Elbow 62.0

  17. 18 months Action potential recorded at the wrist to surface stimulation of the Vth digit 5 ms Motor Response ? SNAP

  18. Possibilities of abnormal nerve regeneration Montserrat et al. Muscle Nerve, 1990; 13:501-507 α motoneuron α motoneuron dorsal root sensory cell α motoneurons ephapsis branching hypothenar muscles digital nerve

  19. Needle recording in hypothenar muscle Surface ring electrodes stimulation of the digital nerves of the Vth finger JGJ 12 months Ephaptic transmission or axonal reflex Motoneuronal response 50 ms 20 ms 24 mA 38 mA

  20. 0.2 mV 10 ms Hypothenar First interosseous JBV. Electromyographic activity observed at rest in ulnar nerve innervated muscles in the right hand