“Introduction to Poetry” By Billy Collins. I ask them to take a poem and hold it up to the light like a color slide or press an ear against its hive. I say drop a mouse into a poem and watch him probe his way out, or walk inside the poem's room and feel the walls for a light switch.
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“Introduction to Poetry”By Billy Collins I ask them to take a poemand hold it up to the lightlike a color slide or press an ear against its hive. I say drop a mouse into a poemand watch him probe his way out, or walk inside the poem's roomand feel the walls for a light switch. I want them to waterskiacross the surface of a poemwaving at the author's name on the shore. But all they want to dois tie the poem to a chair with ropeand torture a confession out of it. They begin beating it with a hoseto find out what it really means.
An Introduction to Poetry • 6th Grade P.A. • May 8th & 10th • Miss Hoffman
Poet of the Day • Billy Collins
What is a Poem? • Poems have meaning • Poems have sound • Poems have images • Poems have lines • Poems have patterns
Structure • Refers to a poems form Lines=poems are divided into lines I ask them to take a poem Stanza=a group of lines I ask them to take a poemand hold it up to the lightlike a color slide
Imagery • Words that the poet uses to appeal to the 5 senses
Imagery “The sun was shining on the sea, Shining with all his might: He did his very best to make The billows smooth and bright - And this was odd, because it was The middle of the night.” -Lewis Carroll
Imagery “A mouse found a beautiful piece of plum cake, The richest and sweetest that mortal could make: 'Twas heavy with citron and fragrant with spice, And covered with sugar all sparkling as ice.” -Iona and Peter Opie
Imagery “Boom!Went the foodtrays. Clap! Clap!Goes the teacher.Rip! Went the plastic bag.Munch! Munch!Go the students.Slurp!!!Went the straws.WhisperIs what half the kidsin the roomare doing.Crunch! Crunch!gothe candy bars.” -Rachel
Imagery Preludes “The winter evening settles down With smell of steaks in passageways. Six o'clock. The burnt-out ends of smoky days. And now a gusty shower wraps The grimy scraps Of withered leaves about your feet And newspapers from vacant lots; The showers beat On broken blinds and chimney-pots, And at the corner of the street A lonely cab-horse steams and stamps. And then the lighting of the lamps.” -T.S. Eliot
Imagery “Through the green twilight of a hedge, I peered with cheek on the cool leaves pressed” -Walter de la Mare
Rhythm • a poem’s pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables Meter= a pattern of stressed or unstressed syllables in a line of poetry Shall I com PARE thee TO a SUM mer’s DAY? •....1.............. 2.................3..............4................ 5 Shall.I..|..com.PARE..|..thee.TO..|..a.SUM..|..mer’s DAY?
Rhyme • the repetition of the same or similar sounds End Rhyme= stressed syllables at the end of lines Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall, Humpty Dumpty had a great fall. All the King's horses, And all the King's men Couldn't put Humpty together again! Internal Rhyme=occurs in the line "Once upon a midnight DREARY, while I pondered weak and WEARY" "While I nodded, nearly NAPPING, suddenly there came a TAPPING" -Poe Rhyme Scheme=pattern formed by a poem’s end rhyme
Sound Devices • techniques that create a sense of rhythm or that emphasize particular sounds Alliteration= repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words Don't delay dawns disarming display. Dusk demands daylight. Dewdrops dwell delicatelydrawing dazzling delight.Dewdrops dilute daisies domain. Distinguished debutantes . Diamonds defray delivereddaylights distilled daisy dance.
Sound Devices Onomatopoeia=words or phrases that reflect the sound they are describing www.youtube.com What other words can you think of?
Figurative Language • used by poets for descriptive effect Metaphor= words that compare unlike things In the morning the city Spreads its wings Making a song In stone that sings. (Langston Hughes) Simile= uses “like” or as” "My love is like a red, red rose" (Robert Burn)
Figurative Language Personification= giving an animal, object, or idea human form or characteristics "The Night was creeping on the ground! She crept and did not make a sound" (James Stephens) Idioms= expressions that are particular to a region, language, or group of people "Bite off more than you can chew "In a pickle" “In the nick of time”
Name That Element... Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked.If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, How many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
Name that Element... “Now, Jenny and me were engaged, you see On the eve of a fancy ball So a kiss or two is nothing to you Or anyone else at all.”
Name that Element... Two Sunflowers Move in the Yellow Room. "Ah, William, we're weary of weather,"said the sunflowers, shining with dew."Our traveling habits have tired us.Can you give us a room with a view?" They arranged themselves at the windowand counted the steps of the sun,and they both took root in the carpetwhere the topaz tortoises run. -William Blake
Name that Element... Whose woods these are I think I know, His house is in the village, though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. -Robert Frost
Name that Element... Flint An emerald is as green as grass,A ruby red as blood;A sapphire shines as blue as heaven;A flint lies in the mud. A diamond is a brilliant stone,To catch the world's desire;An opal holds a fiery spark;But a flint holds a fire. -Christina Rossetti
Name that Element... The rusty spigot Sputters, Utters A splutter, Spatters a smattering of drops, Gashes wider; Slash, Splatters, Scatters, Spurts, Finally stops sputtering And plash! Gushes rushes splashes Clear water dashes. -Eve Merriam
Poetry Stations • Get into 5 groups of 4 • 5 minutes at each station to explore • Record your thoughts/favorites/least favorites
Works Cited *http://www.loc.gov/poetry/180/001.html *http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/calendar-activities/today-world-poetry-20308.html *http://www2.nkfust.edu.tw/~emchen/CLit/poetry_language.htm *http://library.thinkquest.org/J0112392/omomatopoea.html *http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/278 *http://www.cummingsstudyguides.net/xmeter.html *http://home.vicnet.net.au/~poems/ps/html/alliteration_examples.html *http://www.rigby.com.au/fasttracks/pdf/TTPoetry.pdf *Wilhelm, Jeffrey D., and Douglas Fisher. Glencoe literature. New York: Glencoe McGraw-Hill, 2009. Print. *Google images