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Relative clauses. Relative clauses. It’s a kind of. Which / that. It’s a. Which / that. Is the. Who / that. It’s the. Which / that. Relative clauses. Relative clauses. Relative clauses. Relative clauses. Relative clauses. The never-ending relative clause. Relative clauses.

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Relative clauses


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    1. Relative clauses

    2. Relative clauses It’s a kind of Which / that It’s a Which / that Is the Who / that It’s the Which / that

    3. Relative clauses

    4. Relative clauses

    5. Relative clauses

    6. Relative clauses

    7. Relative clauses

    8. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses 1.This is the bank was robbed yesterday. 2.A boy sister is in my class was in the bank at that time. 3.The man robbed the bank had two pistols. 4.He wore a mask made him look like Mickey Mouse. 5.He came with a friend waited outside in the car.

    9. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses 6.The woman gave him the money was young. 7.The bag contained the money was yellow. 8.The people were in the bank were very frightened. 9.A man mobile was ringing did not know what to do. 10.A woman daughter was crying tried to calm her.

    10. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses 11.The car the bank robbers escaped in was orange. 12.The robber mask was obviously too big didn't drive. 13.The man drove the car was nervous. 14.He didn't wait at the traffic lights were red. 15.A police officer car was parked at the next corner stopped and arrested them.

    11. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Why is a _________ like a ____________?

    12. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Why is a _________ like a ____________? ¿En qué se parece un tren que pasa por el viejo oeste a una silla?

    13. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Why is a _________ like a ____________? ¿En qué se parece un tren que pasa por el viejo oeste a una silla? En que el tren pasa por Kansas City y la silla es por City Kansas.

    14. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Why is a _________ like a ____________? Why is a raven like a writing desk? (The Mad Hatter to Alice in Alice in Wonderland)

    15. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Why is a _________ like a ____________? Why is a raven like a writing desk? (The Mad Hatter to Alice in Alice in Wonderland) Aldoux Huxley: Because there is a “b” in both and an “n” in neither.

    16. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Why is a _________ like a ____________? Why are men like blue jeans?

    17. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Why is a _________ like a ____________? Why are men like blue jeans? Because they look good for a while but eventually they fade and must be replaced

    18. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Why is a _________ like a ____________? Why are women like country songs?

    19. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Why is a _________ like a ____________? Why are women like country songs? Because if you listen to them long enough you’ll get depressed and drink a lot

    20. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Why is a _________ like a ____________? Why are Julio and Ruben like Iker Casillas and the Spanish Constitution?

    21. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Because Iker Casillas played in the 2010 World Cup, ______ was celebrated in South Africa,

    22. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Because Iker Casillas played in the 2010 World Cup, ______ was celebrated in South Africa, ________ ex President Mandela was able to end apartheid,

    23. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Because Iker Casillas played in the 2010 World Cup, ______ was celebrated in South Africa, ________ ex President Mandela was able to end apartheid, ________ was a system of legal segragation,

    24. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Because Iker Casillas played in the 2010 World Cup, ______ was celebrated in South Africa, ________ ex President Mandela was able to end apartheid, ________ was a system of legal segragation, ________ is prohibited by the Spanish Constitution,

    25. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Because Iker Casillas played in the 2010 World Cup, ______ was celebrated in South Africa, ________ ex President Mandela was able to end apartheid, ________ was a system of legal segragation, ________ is prohibited by the Spanish Constitution, ______ was signed by King Juan Carlos,

    26. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Because Iker Casillas played in the 2010 World Cup, ______ was celebrated in South Africa, ________ ex President Mandela was able to end apartheid, ________ was a system of legal segragation, ________ is prohibited by the Spanish Constitution, ______ was signed by King Juan Carlos, _______ became king in 1976,

    27. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Because Iker Casillas played in the 2010 World Cup, ______ was celebrated in South Africa, ________ ex President Mandela was able to end apartheid, ________ was a system of legal segragation, ________ is prohibited by the Spanish Constitution, ______ was signed by King Juan Carlos, _______ became king in 1976, _____ was the year our English teacher was born,

    28. The never-ending relative clause Relative clauses Because Iker Casillas played in the 2010 World Cup, ______ was celebrated in South Africa, ________ ex President Mandela was able to end apartheid, ________ was a system of legal segragation, ________ is prohibited by the Spanish Constitution, ______ was signed by King Juan Carlos, _______ became king in 1976, _____ was the year our English teacher was born, ______ is continually discriminating Ruben and Julio in class.

    29. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses The apples which are red have worms in them The apples, which are red, have worms in them RwRwRwGGG RwRwRw

    30. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Defining: Non-defining: Provides essential information to identify the person place or thing we are talking about Give additional information which is not necessary to understand the sentence That’s the studio where they fimed Rebecca Jane, who lives next door, writes film scripts

    31. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Defining: Non-defining: Who, which and when are often replaced with that, which is less formal Who, which and when can’t be replaced Jane, who writes those wonderful scripts, lives far away She likes the man who/that works at the cinema

    32. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Defining: Non-defining: We can often omit who, which or when Who, which and when can’t be replaced The movie we saw yesterday was great.

    33. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Defining: Non-defining: Without commas With commas The director, who you met some days ago, is making a new film. That’s the director I was telling you about the other day!

    34. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses I like going to the Greek islands which have beautiful beaches I like going to the Greek islands, which have beautiful beaches

    35. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses The girls in Sierra de Guadarrama who are lovely study languages The girls in Sierra de Guadarrama, who are lovely, study languages

    36. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses I have a brother who lives in Moscow I have a brother, who lives in Moscow

    37. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses She’s got two brothers who are doctors She’s got two brothers, who are doctors

    38. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses The owners close the shop on Sunday The students are drawing the posters The owners are going to sell the house

    39. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses The murdered has committed another crime. The government passed the new law They were picking up the fruit

    40. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Maria had written the letter of resignation out of spite The government will build a new stadium The speaker will be giving the conference at that time

    41. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses They will have paid all the expenses at the end of the month The government might build a new stadium The speaker could finish the conference by then

    42. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Rewrite the following sentences John lives near my brother’s summer home. My brother bought his summer home last April. Last April my brother won the lottery. (1)

    43. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Rewrite the following sentences John lives near my brother’s summer home. My brother bought his summer home last April. Last April my brother won the lottery. John lives near my brother’s summer home, which was bought last April when my brother won the lottery.

    44. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Rewrite the following sentences The engineers are finishing the project. The engineers started the project a long time ago. (2)

    45. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Rewrite the following sentences We met last summer. Last summer we went to the field trip. We had planned for that field trip for weeks in advance. (1)

    46. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Rewrite the following sentences My sister has a red car. Her car was parked near the huge building. They were giving the conference in that building. (1)

    47. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Rewrite the following sentences Mario has a brother. His brother is a mechanic. His brother has my car in his garage. The owner closed the garage until next week. (1)

    48. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Rewrite the following sentences Jane just passed the English exam. The exam was last Friday. Our Science teacher had also planned already her exam for that same Friday. (1)

    49. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Rewrite the following sentences We went back to the store. We had bought the watch as a present for Peter. Peter already had a very similar watch. (1)

    50. Defining vs non-defining Relative clauses Rewrite the following sentences Alfred and Susan are my new neighbours. They bought the old house. The formar owners abandoned the old huose. The former owners abandoned the old house after the oil crisis.(2)