correlates of driving under the influence of alcohol in adolescence n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Correlates of Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol in Adolescence

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Correlates of Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol in Adolescence - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 74 Views
  • Uploaded on

Correlates of Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol in Adolescence. A Secondary Data Analysis of the 1992 National Health Behavior Survey Presented at the The 11 th UROP Symposium By Jud Ostle May 15, 2004. Acknowledgements. Dr. Jenness, Head of Honors Seminar Program

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Correlates of Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol in Adolescence' - melodie-carpenter


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
correlates of driving under the influence of alcohol in adolescence

Correlates of Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol in Adolescence

A Secondary Data Analysis of the 1992 National Health Behavior Survey

Presented at the

The 11th UROP Symposium

By

Jud Ostle

May 15, 2004

acknowledgements
Acknowledgements
  • Dr. Jenness, Head of Honors Seminar Program
  • Dr. Prause, Faculty Mentor
  • Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program
  • U. S. Dept. of Health and Human Services National Center for Health Statistics
aims of study
Aims of Study
  • Profile adolescents who self-report Driving Under the Influence of alcohol versus those that did not report
  • Determine associations between DUI and other risky behaviors
facts about dui
Facts about DUI
  • Drunk driving is the most frequently committed violent crime in America killing more than 17,000 people each year and injuring countless others. (MADD)
  • In 2002, 40% of California’s fatal traffic incidents involved alcohol (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration)
  • Based on the latest mortality data available, motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for people from 15 to 20 years old.(NHTSA)
literature review
Literature Review
  • White males from higher SES were more likely to DUI (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2002)
  • Earlier the age respondents started drinking, the more likely they were to report driving after drinking too much ever in their life and in the past year(Heeren, T., Hingson, R., Jamaka, A., Levenson, S., & Voas, R.)
methodology
Methodology

Source

  • Data provided by the U. S. Dept. of Health and Human Services: National Center for Health Statistics

Study

  • Secondary data analysis of 1992 National Health Interview Survey: Youth Risk Behavior Supplement

Sample

  • Nationally representative sample of 6,105 individuals who were 16-21 years old at time of interview
methodology continued
Methodology (continued)

Key Variable: DUI

  • Self-reported measure of drinking and driving over past 30 days
  • Never DUI is defined as zero attempts during 30 day period

Criteria

  • Used Pearson Chi-Square to measure associations

between DUI and other demographic and risky behavior

variables

figure 5 diagram of multinomial logistic regression analysis
Figure 5 Diagram of Multinomial Logistic Regression Analysis

Demographic Variables

(race, gender, age)

DUI

(Never, 1 time, 2 +)

Risky Behavior Variables

(fighting, binge drinking

carried a weapon)

odds ratio of dui during past 30 days relative to never dui n 6105
Odds Ratio of DUI during past 30 days relative to Never DUI (n=6105)

Demographic Variables Adjusted Odds Ratio

1 time 2 or more

Age 1.30* 1.52*

Gender (Male) 1.08 1.55*

Race

Multiple/Other.69 .60*

African-American.66* .78

Asian/Asian Pacific Islander.35* .42

White - -

*p<.05

odds ratio of dui during past 30 days relative to never dui continued
Odds Ratio of DUI during past 30 days relative to Never DUI (continued)

Demographic Variables Adjusted Odds Ratio

1 time 2 or more

Total Family Income

Missing.59* .80

Less than $10,000.61* .55*

$10,000 - $24,999 .73.76

$25,000 – 49,999.95.96

$50,000 or more- -

Region

Northeast .43* .60*

Midwest 1.08 .98

South .92 1.00

West - -

Education of Responsible Adult (Years) 1.06* 1.05

*p<.05

odds ratio of dui during past 30 days relative to never dui continued1
Odds Ratio of DUI during past 30 days relative to Never DUI (Continued)

Risky Behavior Variables Adjusted Odds Ratio 1 time 2 or more

Regularly wear seat belt .98 .84*

Being a passenger in car with drinking driver 1.87* 2.62*

Carried a weapon 1.03 1.12*

Been in fight during last year .97 1.13*

*p<.05

odds ratio of dui during past 30 days relative to never dui continued2
Odds Ratio of DUI during past 30 days relative to Never DUI (Continued)

Risky Behavior Variables Adjusted Odds Ratio

1 time 2 or more

How many times drank 5 or more past 30 days

0 days - -

1 day 3.03* 2.30*

2 days5.30* 6.00*

3 or more 3.70* 10.96*

*p<.05

summary
LOW RISK GROUP

Female

Minority group

Total Family Income: Less than $50,000

Lived in Northeast

HIGH RISK GROUP

Male

White

Total Family Income: Over $50,000

Lived in the West

Summary
discussion
Discussion
  • Existing data set did not have a large number of Hispanic subjects
  • Data set did not include complete history of DUI
  • Data collected in 1992 may not represent now
  • Adolescents often tend to under report risky behaviors
for more information contact me at
For more information contact me at:

Jud Ostle

Dept. of Psychology and Social Behavior

3317 Social Ecology II

University of California

Irvine, California 92697-7080

jostle@uci.edu