family factors affecting unintentional home injuries among young children in wenzhou china n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Family factors affecting unintentional home injuries among young children in Wenzhou, china PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Family factors affecting unintentional home injuries among young children in Wenzhou, china

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

Family factors affecting unintentional home injuries among young children in Wenzhou, china - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 157 Views
  • Uploaded on

Presentation for Burapha University International Conference 2012. Family factors affecting unintentional home injuries among young children in Wenzhou, china. Presenter: Xianyun Qiu Advisors: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Chintana Wacharasin , Assoc. Prof. Dr. Wannee Deoisres

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Family factors affecting unintentional home injuries among young children in Wenzhou, china' - melita


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
family factors affecting unintentional home injuries among young children in wenzhou china

Presentation for Burapha University International Conference 2012

Family factors affecting unintentional home injuries among young children in Wenzhou, china

Presenter: XianyunQiu

Advisors: Assoc. Prof. Dr. ChintanaWacharasin,

Assoc. Prof. Dr. WanneeDeoisres

M.N.S., International program, faculty of nursing, BUU

introduction
Introduction
  • Unintentional injury is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality children < 5 years globally (WHO, 2008; 2011). Moreover, half of them occur at home (Xin, Nan & Ling, 2005 ).
  • The impacts of Unintentional Home Injury (UHI )are enormous on:
    • children: disability, psychological disorder;
    • family: economic burden, psychological disorder
  • Children under 5 years are vulnerable to (UHI) because of:
    • Nature: “high motor and curiosity” Vs “insufficient cognitive”
    • Nurture: family environment.
  • Some family Factors affected UHI from literature.
slide3
In Wenzhou
    • 115,000 children aged 1-3
    • accidents accounted for 44% of total deaths in 2004 in young children (Han et al., 2007).
  • However, it is little known:
    • how about occurrence of home accident in young children in Wenzhou.
      • holistic family factors affecting UHI among young children in China
research objectives
Research Objectives
  • To describe characteristics of unintentional home injuries among children with 1-3 years old in Wenzhou, China
  • To examine the predicted relationship among family income, family type, home hazards, parent’s education, parenting style, parents’ awareness on UHI, family adaptation and cohesion and unintentional home injuries among children with 1-3 years old in Wenzhou, China.
materials and methods
MATERIALS AND METHODS
  • A descriptive predictive design

Population: parents having young children aged two to three living in Wenzhou.

Sample met the below criteria:

1). Have children aged 2-3,

2). Be mother, father or other family member aged 20 years or older who take primary care of child,

3). Be able to speak and read Chinese,

4). Be able to recall the event in the preceding 6 months,

5). Be willing to join the study.

sample size
Sample Size

Sample size=K×40=7×40=280

Where:

K means the number of independent variables, K=7

(Tabachnick & Fidell, 2007)

setting and sampling
Setting and Sampling

Urban Wenzhou -12communities

Nanpu

community

Liming

community

Xiushan

community

7kindergartens

3kindergartens

6kindergartens

6 kindergartens

13 classes

2 kindergartens

4 classes

1 kindergarten

2 classes

179 subjects

73 subjects

28 subjects

research instruments
Research instruments
  • UHI:
    • diagnosed by the International Classification of Diseases -10th Revision (ICD-10) (Wang 1998).
    • Occurred at home within the past 6 months.
    • required any of the following treatment: first aid, health care and rest for over half a day.
research instruments1
Research instruments
  • Home hazards: any object at home contains harmful energy causing UHI.
    • Measured by The Assessment Tool of Domestic Hazards (ATDH) (Pang et al., 2010b).
  • Family functioning: the degree to which family members’ support each other and the ability to solve problems.
    • assessed by The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale, the second edition-Chinese version (FACESII-CV) (Fei et al., 1999).
research instruments2
Research instruments
  • Parent’s awareness:parent’s ability to identify injury hazards in a simulated home for their own children; recognize the injury and children’s actions on the specific hazard.
    • assessed by Situation Awareness of Toddlers’ Parents to Domestic Injuries (SATPDI) (Pang, 2010a).
  • Parenting style: how parents respond to and control their children’s behavior.
    • Three subscales:
      • permissiveness, authoritativeness and authoritarianism
    • assessed by Parenting Style Questionnaire (Zhu & Qin, 1998).
protection of human subjects
Protection of Human Subjects
  • Approval from IRB, Faculty of Nursing, BUU.
  • Participants: informed consent,
  • data: confidentiality
data collection procedure
Data Collection Procedure

Permission from kindergartens’ leaders

  • 6 research assistants were trained
  • Each Questionnaire was put in an envelope with a two-side adhesive tape.
  • distributed questionnaire before parents picked children up
  • Parents brought them bake home and returned soon
  • Researcher reminded subjects to supplement the empty.
  • Each subject received a gift as acknowledgement
results of demographic characteristics
Results of demographic characteristics

The response rate was 76% (280/372).

  • The children’s age: 24 - 47 months.
  • 75%of participants were mothers.
  • similar percentage of parents with each education level (about 25% respectively).
  • Half of them lived in nuclear families, half in extended families.
  • 75% families did not reach average line by family income (Statistics department of Wenzhou government, 2012).
result and discussion of uhi
Result and discussion of UHI
  • Characteristics of UHI
discussion of uhi
Discussion of UHI

The incidence rate of UHI (40%): twice than those in other areas of china (15% - 20%) (Hui & Xia, 2004; Xin, Nan & Ling, 2005).

the rate of UHI requiring any health care (17.14%): higher than America and Iran; similar to Turkey.

  • Toddlers in Wenzhou were vulnerable to home accidents
slide21

*: p < .05

multivariate logistic regression of UHI (N=280)

High home hazards were a risk factor. The risk for UHI in high home hazards was 1.89 times as that in low hazards.

discussion the relationship between home hazards and uhi
Discussion the Relationship between home hazards and UHI
  • high home hazards were a risk factor for UHI.
  • The possible reasons:
    • Home hazards can carry harmful energy.
    • direct physical environment.
    • Furthermore, toddlers approach home hazards easier due to curiosity and motor development (Ball & Binder, 2006), .
implication for nursing practice and science
Implication for nursing practice and science
  • Prevention of UHI among toddlers is worth concerning regardless of parent’s education, family income, family type.
  • Family nurses have to
    • evaluate home hazards.
    • help target parents to be aware of the importance of home hazards.
    • suggest parents to store or removal specific home hazards.
  • Future researches are needed
    • To explore risk factors affecting children proneness of accidents.
    • To identify risk or protective factors affecting home hazards and cost-efficient intervention with modification home environment.
    • On children’s personal factors and UHI.
thank you for your attention
Thank you for your attention!!

Burapha University International Conference 2012