August 27 th , 2013. Chapter III: Denotation and Connotation . Denotation-the dictionary meaning of the word Example: snake is "any of numerous scaly, legless, sometimes venomous reptiles; Having a long, tapering, cylindrical body and found in most tropical and temperate regions."
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With smell of steaks in passageways.
The burnt-out ends of smoky days.
And now a gusty shower wraps
The grimy scraps
Of withered leaves about your feet
And newspapers from vacant lots;
The showers beat
On broken blinds and chimney-pots,
And at the corner of the street
A lonely cab-horse steams and stamps.
And then the lighting of the lamps.
by T. S. Eliot.
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? a
Thou art more lovely and more temperate. b
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, a
And summer’s lease hath all too short a date. b
Sometimes too hot the eye of heaven shines, c
And often is his gold complexion dimmed; d
And every fair from fair sometimes declines, c
By chance or nature’s changing course untrimmed. d
But thy eternal summer shall not fade e
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st; f
Nor shall Death brag thou wanderest in his shade, e
When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st f
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, g
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. g
A fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme.
The poem is written in three quatrains and ends with a couplet.
Each quatrain develops a specific idea, but one closely related to the ideas in the other quatrains.
It is the most flexible in placement of the volta.
Shakespeare often places the "turn," as in the Italian, at L9
The Italian sonnet is divided into two sections by two different groups of rhyming sounds.
The first 8 lines is the octave and rhymes:
a b b a a b b a
The remaining 6 lines is called the sestet and can have either two or three rhyming sounds, arranged in a variety of ways:
the poem is divided into two sections by the two differing rhyme groups.
A change from one rhyme group to another often signifies a change in subject matter.
This change occurs at the beginning of L9 in the Italian sonnet and is called the volta, or "turn”.
Keats lost his parents at an early age. He was eight years old when his father, a livery stable-keeper, was killed after being trampled by a horse.
ground Keats' later poetry—one that
found its beauty and grandeur from
the human experience.
Although his poems were not generally well received by critics during his life, his reputation grew after his death, so that by the end of the 19th century he had become one of the most beloved of all English poets.
series of odes. Today his poems
and letters are some of the most
popular and most analyzed in