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Learning Outcomes. All of you will … Discuss the characteristics of the private & voluntary sectors Suggest & list the advantages & disadvantages of the private & voluntary sector Recall the information learnt from this lesson and previous lessons to answer an exam question.

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Learning Outcomes

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learning outcomes
Learning Outcomes

All of you will…

  • Discuss the characteristics of the private & voluntary sectors
  • Suggest & list the advantages & disadvantages of the private & voluntary sector
  • Recall the information learnt from this lesson and previous lessons to answer an exam question
private sector characteristics
Private Sector Characteristics…
  • Foremost objective is to make a profit
  • Provide high quality facilities
  • Membership & admission charges are higher than the public sector
  • Target high value goods & services for better-off members of the community
  • Do not have a public service commitment or remit
private sector
Private Sector

PRIVATE SECTOR – consists of mainly commercial companies who provide leisure and recreation facilities & services as a business venture, and for profit

  • A large & growing sector – offering many employment opportunities & adding to country’s economic activity

With your partner can you think of 2 examples of what Private enterprises now often provide?


rapid expansion in the private sector
Rapid expansion in the private sector
  • Increased awareness of health & exercise
  • Increasing national wealth

Facilities are of high quality which is

reflected in their admission/membership



Pick all the best recreational opportunities & users leaving the public sector to provide more expensive facilities (large swimming pools) for the less well-off members of society

relationship between public private
Relationship between Public & Private
  • Governments have insisted that local councils manage their facilities efficiently & effectively
  • In the early 1990’s the policy of ‘Compulsory Competitive Tendering’ was introduced (now moved on to ‘Best Value’ system) to introduce to the public sector the standards of management & service evident in the private sector
advantages disadvantages
Advantages & Disadvantages

Class are divided into two:

One half researching advantages & the other disadvantages…

You are then going to swap with someone in the other half and discuss and write down their points

exam style question
Exam-Style Question

‘It would be beneficial to allow the private sector to provide sport & physical recreation facilities for all, as it would do so more efficiently & with higher quality’.

Discuss this statement. (6 marks)

peer assessment ensure they have written about both positives negatives
Peer AssessmentEnsure they have written about both positives & negatives
  • Can react quickly to demand
  • It has the money to meet individuals needs
  • Would offer more employment & activity opportunities to society
  • Not everyone could afford the membership/cost
  • People may feel that they didn’t fit in as there is a degree of social exclusivity
  • May be long waiting lists to join as there could be a restriction in numbers
voluntary sector
Voluntary Sector

Biggest sector in terms of the amount & range of provision that is made

Think of who in your club/team could be a volunteer & what kinds of PA are provided through the voluntary sector

** For every paid professional club there are hundreds of amateur ones

where do these resources come from
Where do these resources come from?
  • Grants from local authorities, councils etc. (local councils get their funding from government grants & local taxes)
  • Grants from the National Lottery (Awards for All, Sport England)
  • Annual subscriptions & match fees
  • Fund raising activities
  • Income from social activities e.g. club bar
voluntary sector characteristics
Voluntary Sector Characteristics
  • It operates on a non-profit basis
  • Players & participants pay to play through match fees/subscriptions
  • Support roles within a team/club are filled by volunteers
  • They receive grant aids & support from the National Lottery Sport England & the National Governing Body
  • Raise funds through social activities, raffles etc.
  • Any income generation will be retained within the club to enhance facilities
  • This sector has the whole range of sporting & physical recreation activities
advantages or disadvantages
Advantages? or Disadvantages?

What do you think?

Complete the sheet filling in if they are advantages or disadvantages

Can the voluntary sector provide equality for all?

exam style question1
Exam - Style Question
  • Explain the terms public, private & voluntary sectors (3 marks)

Use the definitions in your book to mark your answers (pg147-153)

home learning
Home Learning

Research & write notes on the governments system ‘Compulsory Competitive Tendering’ & ‘Best Value’

For next lesson 