FAMOUS SHORT STORY WRITERS. A presentation for Student Support Services participants Troy University Troy, AL 36082. WORKSHOP OBJECTIVES. Provide students with a general overview of a few short story writers who have greatly influenced literary culture.
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A presentation for
Student Support Services participants
Troy, AL 36082
Slide Source: http://www.worldofteaching.com/powerpoints/english/how%20to%20write%20a%20short%20story.ppt#257,2,Definition of a Short Story
“ . . . are able to use the elements of the short story with such precision that the reader is caught up in the action [activity or message] of the story.”
Source: http://www.worldofteaching.com/powerpoints/english/how%20to%20write%20a%20short%20story.ppt#263,10,Short Story Vocabulary
Theme: The story’s main ideas. The “message” the writer intends to communicate by telling the story.
Slide Source: http://www.worldofteaching.com/powerpoints/english/how%20to%20write%20a%20short%20story.ppt#263,10,Short Story Vocabulary
“Legendary Greek source of over 600 fables including The Tortoise and the Hare, written from the oral, have been translated into English by many . . .”
Example: “The North Wind and the Sun”
Why use animals to teach about human character?
Perhaps Aesop intended to indicate that people often do not see their own inhumanity or inhumane behaviors nor can they see that sometimes they behave as subordinant species and not as one’s with the aptitude / rational ability to walk as the dominant species in the earth.
“The North Wind and the Sun”
“The Wind and the Sun were disputing which was the stronger. Suddenly they saw a traveller coming down the road, and the Sun said: "I see a way to decide our dispute. Whichever of us can cause that traveller to take off his cloak shall be regarded as the stronger. You begin."
So the Sun retired behind a cloud, and the Wind began to blow as hard as it could upon the traveller. But the harder he blew the more closely did the traveller wrap his cloak ‘round him, till at last the Wind had to give up in despair. Then the Sun came out and shone in all his glory upon the traveller, who soon found it too hot to walk with his cloak on.”
Moral/Theme: Kindness effects more than severity or “Gentle persuasion works better than aggressive force.;Power of Rhetoric (general subject)
View video adaptation of this fable by clicking here: YouTube - Aesop's Fables: The Sun and The Wind or go to: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C7LTG-fy-mc&feature=related
Fairy Tales (Translated German oral tales)
“Hansel and Gretel”
“Little Red Riding Hood”
-- Material poverty can lead to spiritual poverty in some humans.
-- Greed can lead to a poverty.
-- Entitlement leads to death.
-- Death does not discriminate.
-- Failure to exercise wisdom leads to disaster.
-- Failure to live an ordered life leads to danger and disaster.
-- Love conquers evil.
-- Love can be blinded by greed.
-- Man’s mistreatment toward fellow man is a tendency.
-- Abuse of others (women, elderly, children, the poor) is a sign of misplaced or corrupt Western values.
-- Western ideals of beauty have corrupted many minds.
See Goldilocks video atYouTube - grimms fairy tale classics at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mS3nN6PH96Y(5:30 min)
Credited as the Originator of the Modern Short Story and recognized for his promotion of the Gothic style.
“Poe’s psychologically thrilling tales examining the depths of the human psyche earned him much fame during his lifetime and after his death.” He was also an exceptional poet who wrote “Annabel Lee” and “The Raven.”
(a) Death and Violence are directly or indirectly part of human life.
(b) Immortality can be both a human desire and source of torment
(c) Love is closely linked with death (especially when love is denied).
(d) Mental illness is part of the human psyche that makes life unlovely.
(Gothic fiction is a form of Medieval romance with an undertone of mystery/darkness/fear/supernaturalism. Setting/architecture is very important to creating a gothic tale full of drama and suspense. Very edgy (ledges and shadows and looming overhanging) features mark gothic architecture.)
Source: http://www.dcmp.org/guides/3236.pdf and http://www.wisegeek.com/what-characterizes-gothic-fiction.htm
View “The Fall of the House of Usher” video adaptation at YouTube - The Fall of the House of Usher-Vincent Price-Edgar Allan Poe at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x1fS6GGm_-A&feature=PlayList&p=62C272E44E91AC81&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&index=1
“Bartleby the Scrivener”
He also wrote the masterpiece novel Moby Dick.
To listen to an audio recording of “Bartleby the Scrivener,” go tohttp://www.archive.org/details/bartleby_scrivener_1107_librivox or click on the following:Internet Archive: Details: Bartleby the Scrivener
Kate Chopin . . . an American author of short stories and novels, is often viewed as an early feminist writer. She also wrote about identify and race in culture.
Famous Novella: The Awakening
Listen to “Story of an Hour” (track 17) at Internet Archive: Details: Kate Chopin — The Storm, The Story of an Hour, and Other Stories or go to: http://www.archive.org/details/KateChopin_SelectShortStories
Possibly his most famous collection of short stories is Cathedrals, which is also the name of one of the most notable short stories in the collection by the same title.
Another famous Carver short story is “A Small Good Thing.” Watch video adaptation at the following link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=btgU6mcmzYM&feature=related
YouTube - A Small Good Thing - Adapted From Raymond Carver Short
Carver’s Common Themes:
-- Average Americans contend with economic and social struggles to hold their ground.
-- Humor (laughter) is a survival tool.
-- Work is a drudgery to human life.
Rebecca Money, SPR 2009